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© IGD 2011 The Co-operative’s Newhouse distribution centre
© IGD 2011 Part one – Background About Newhouse Facts and figures Site layout Contents Part two – The Newhouse operation Project LIDIA Warehousing processes Transport planning Part three – Sustainability and other features Building an energy efficiency depot Natural light Battery charging and rail Banana room Part four– In conclusion Key messages More information
© IGD 2011 The Co-operative’s composite DC in Newhouse Source: The Co-operative The Co-operative’s new composite distribution centre, located in Newhouse, Scotland shipped its first products in February and was officially opened in July 2011. The DC forms part of The Co-operative’s programme of work called ‘Project LIDIA’ that was established to deliver a complete overhaul of the distribution centre network. Some 30 depots have been rationalised to a network of under 10 large composite sites. Newhouse serves around 600 stores in Scotland, some in very remote locations.
© IGD 2011 Facts and figures The Co-operative Newhouse Opening dateFirst product shipped: 27 th Feb/Official opening: 26 th July Operating partnerIn-house Product typesFresh, chilled, ambient and frozen Size504,000 sq. ft with 50,000 sq. ft freezer section Building typeFree standing Racked spaceFrozen, ambient, chill and produce Pallet locations31,701 Loading bays56 Transport operatorIn-house Throughput volumesCapacity: 1.75m cases each week Picking processPick to store Total investment£52m Number of employees1,000 Source: The Co-operative
© IGD 2011 Site layout Source: The Co-operative Energy centre De-kit area Office Vehicle wash Loading bays (4 frozen, 5 chill) Loading bays (20) Chilled (2 o C) Frozen chamber (-22 o C) Produce (8 o C) Chilled (2 o C) Ambient Material handling maintenance and battery charge Banana room
© IGD 2011 Contents Part three – Sustainability and other features Building an energy efficient depot Natural light Battery charging and rail Banana room Part four– In conclusion Key messages More information Part two – Implementing The Co-operative’s strategy Project LIDIA Warehousing processes Transport planning Other features Part one – Background About Newhouse Facts and figures Site layout
© IGD 2011 Project LIDIA Project LIDIA’s objective is to establish a network of nine to ten large composite distribution centres across the UK. The project began in 2003 when The Co-operative was operating around 30 distribution centres. Operating a smaller network of composite sites allows the retailer to draw economies of scale in its transport operation, delivering to stores across the different temperature regimes. Source: The Co-operative, IGD Currently The Co-operative’s composite network consists of five depots: Andover (468,000 sq ft) Birtley (280,000 sq ft) Lea Green (587,000 sq ft) Newhouse (504,000 sq ft) West Thurrock (320,000 sq ft) A further three composite sites are planned in the North Midlands, the South West (Avonmouth) and the South Midlands. Newhouse Birtley Lea Green West Thurrock Andover
© IGD 2011 Warehousing - goods in Open since February 2011, the final phase of the volume ramp up at Newhouse began at the start of October. Current delivered volume at the warehouse (Sept 2011) is 1.02m cases consisting of: 50,000 frozen cases 150,000 SMG cases are trunked from Coventry NDC 525,000 ambient cases 475,000 chilled cases Source: The Co-operative, IGD Loads are delivered direct from suppliers or through consolidated loads from third party logistics companies. Newhouse receives 150,000 cases from The Co-operative’s NDC in Coventry, which holds SMG lines including tobacco, health & beauty and confectionery. Coventry picks store orders and trunks products to Newhouse using 7-10 double-decker vehicles daily.
© IGD 2011 Warehousing – ambient and frozen Source: The Co-operative, IGD Newhouse operates with the Manhattan WMS. The system takes data feeds from centrally planned forecast sales for the 600 stores that Newhouse services On arrival goods are scanned into the WMS system and placed in a reserve location Radio Frequency (RF) technology instructs operatives where to store products from the reserve location Storage Waves of picking work are run by the WMS. The system identifies what products are in the pick slots and what is required for the days’ order Operatives, wearing a voice-picking headset, then follow instructions generated by the WMS and pick goods for a store delivery Picking Store deliveries are made in cages. The WMS instructs pickers to put each case in a particular cage, taking into account weight and height limitations Once complete the WMS instructs the operative what marshalling lane to put the cage in before loading on to vehicles for delivery to store Filling the cage The Co-operative’s intake process for its ambient and frozen operation are identical, apart from the temperature of the frozen products is maintained at -22 o C.
© IGD 2011 The stockless operation Source: The Co-operative, IGD Newhouse operates a stockless operation for its chilled and produce products Chilled products are kept at 2 o C and the majority of produce at 8 o C. Bananas, being very sensitive to temperature changes are kept in a separate room that is maintained at 15 o C. Day one: Stores order chill and produce by 12.30pm Day two: Newhouse starts receiving deliveries from 06.00 Day two: Pick starts at 14.00 and is store friendly, heavy to light method Day three: Delivery to store starts at 01.00. The majority of deliveries leave between 04.00 – 06.00
© IGD 2011 The stockless operation 1. Orders taken by hauliers to stores in very remote locations are transported by ferry and follow a tight schedule 2. Some ‘twilight’ deliveries are made to 12- 15 stores meaning they get a delivery that day (day two) 3. Products that are trunked to an out-base in Dalcross near Inverness, serve some 60+ remote stores 4. Delivery to the core stores, which accounts for the majority of volume, starts at 01.00 on day three with the majority leaving between 04.00 and 06.00 Source: The Co-operative Chill and produce orders are picked and loaded to vehicles in a strict sequence:
© IGD 2011 Transport planning Transport planning from Newhouse is an extremely complex operation; the DC delivers to 600 stores the majority of which are in local, high street or village locations with some receiving as little as a cage and a half of products. The smaller stores have a variety of delivery restrictions and constraints that have to be built into the plan. Paragon is used to plan the raw transport schedule. Once this is produced, transport planners based at the depot revise the schedule using local knowledge of delivery restrictions to store. Source: The Co-operative 350 vehicles based at Newhouse, consisting of: - 18 and 26 tonne rigids - 27ft lane loader trailers - 35ft, 40ft and 45ft trailers. - Double-deckers for trunking 350 vehicles based at Newhouse, consisting of: - 18 and 26 tonne rigids - 27ft lane loader trailers - 35ft, 40ft and 45ft trailers. - Double-deckers for trunking Fleet facts
© IGD 2011 Transport Execution System The revised transport schedule is then inputted to The Co- operative’s in-house Transport Execution System (TES) that uses the information to generate the transport warehouse activity plan (TWAP). This provides the programme of work that is needed to fulfil store orders including: Identifying what delivery routes are needed on each day Driver resource requirements Store orders are allocated to specific vehicles Before the delivery departs, the driver has 30 minutes to check the vehicle and the load it is carrying. Vehicles then drop products to three or four stores before returning to depot with empty cages and material from store for recycling. Source: The Co-operative The TES System - Developed by Microlise, TES provides satellite tracking and monitors performance including KPIs such as unscheduled stops or over-revving - The system sets a time for each journey, aiding the planning process - Each store has an ‘geo-fence’, once a vehicle has crossed the fence, store staff know when to expect the delivery - Part of the drivers’ handheld system provides satellite navigation and aids communication with the driver
© IGD 2011 Transport – future developments Source: The Co-operative Primary transport A team based at Newhouse look at optimising efficiency in the primary transport operation. As part of this initiative, opportunities are identified to perform supplier collections on backhaul routes of store deliveries. The initiative also sees the retailer encouraging suppliers to use The Co-operative’s vehicles or specified hauliers. Yard management Newhouse is currently using an interim yard management solution and expects to roll out a new solution in the next 12 – 18 months. The new solution will interface with the TES providing visibility of when each vehicle will be back at Newhouse. The system will direct each driver to a loading bay and once unloaded to a specific space. If there is a shortage of a certain type of vehicle for store delivery, the vehicle can go immediately to where it is required. Once vehicles have been allocated a specific space, shunters and vehicle maintenance teams can find vehicles when they are needed quickly and efficiently.
© IGD 2011 Contents Part four – In conclusion Key messages More information Part one – Background Composite distribution centre Facts and figures Site layout Part three – Sustainability and other features Building an energy efficient depot Natural light Battery charging and rail Banana room Part two – Implementing The Co-operative’s strategy Project LIDIA Warehousing processes Transport planning Other features
© IGD 2011 Building an energy efficient depot Commissioned by ProLogis and built by Winvic, Newhouse has been built to be an environmentally friendly and sustainable warehouse. The site and all its equipment has the BREEAM rating of ‘Excellent’ – the first within The Co- operative’s network The Co-operative’s Birtley DC is two years old and Newhouse is 23% more energy efficient Newhouse is currently working towards achieving its zero waste to landfill target Source: The Co-operative
© IGD 2011 Natural light In the ambient section of the warehouse, 25% of the roof consists of sky lights, providing a significant level of natural light in this section of the warehouse The rest of the warehouse has T5 lighting installed T5 lighting operates with an automatic motion-sensor, dimming when there is low activity in the warehouse T5 lighting ensures the efficiency of energy consumption and light provision Source: The Co-operative
© IGD 2011 Battery charging and rail Two battery charging areas are located at the warehouse for material handling units One of the charging areas is located next to the freezer chamber and is specifically designed for equipment that operates in -22 o C A direct ammonia cooling system is installed that is 20% more energy efficient than previous systems Two containers travel via rail from the Coventry NDC via the Mossend rail terminal Source: The Co-operative
© IGD 2011 Banana room and secure area Secure area A secure area holds tobacco, confectionery and health & beauty lines. The DC holds six-seven days cover and these goods are handled separately to other products in the warehouse; they are picked and marshalled for delivery in distinct lanes and are easily identifiable by wrapping cages in different colours. Source: The Co-operative Banana room Being particularly susceptible to temperature changes, bananas have to be maintained at 15 o C. To ensure the temperature chain is maintained, Newhouse has a separate room dedicated to bananas. The cages have special temperature-controlled shrouds that help maintain the temperature at 15 o C.
© IGD 2011 Contents Part one – Background About Newhouse Facts and figures Site layout Part two – Implementing The Co-operative’s strategy Project LIDIA Warehousing processes Transport planning Part four – In conclusion Key messages More information Part three – Sustainability and other features Building an energy efficient depot Natural light Battery charging and rail Banana room
© IGD 2011 Key messages on The Co-operative’s Newhouse DC 1.The Co-operative’s LIDIA project is transforming the supply chain, building synergy in the warehouse and transport network 2.Composite DCs allow The Co-operative to perform multi-temperature deliveries and with the retailer’s complex store delivery network provide the opportunity to maximise efficiency 3.Suppliers have an opportunity to engage with The Co-operative’s primary transport operation through backhaul opportunities this will enhance your collaborative partnership 4.Aligning your strategy to connect with The Co-operative’s CSR values will be key to engaging. Helping The Co-operative to improve its service to community stores should be a key focus Source: The Co-operative, IGD
© IGD 2011 More information For further information on The Co-operative’s UK supply chain operation, access Supply Chain Analysis’ retail logistics profile that contains unique data and information on The Co-operative’s distribution centre network, transport operation, replenishment processes and much moreretail logistics profile The Co-operative’s Project LIDIA has transformed the retailer’s network. For further information on network reconfiguration, read our presentation Redesigning a distribution network and access a case study on Nestlé's network reconfiguration Redesigning a distribution networkNestlé's network reconfiguration Other depot visit reports on Supply Chain Analysis include Asda’s temperature controlled DC in Wakefield and Tesco’s stockless facility in AvonmouthAsda’s temperature controlled DCTesco’s stockless facility If you would like to find out more about Supply Chain Analysis, please contact Nick Downing on +44 (0) 7730 822274 or email him at email@example.com@igd.com
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