2Convenience FoodsConvenience foods are used to shorten the time of meal preparation at home.Some foods can be eaten immediately or after adding water, heating or thawing; canned soup and frozen dinners are two examples.Other convenience foods such as cake mixes are only partially prepared.
3Food Technology World War II – dehydrated foods 1948 Pillsbury first cake mix (white and chocolate fudge)No mixerBeat with a wooden spoonCourse texture10 years until fine textureHistories: TANG –NASA “The drink of the astronauts”
4What affects the cost of convenience foods: ResearchPreparationProcessingPackagingLaborManagementShippingMarketing
5Convenience Food InfoSome convenience foods cost less, some cost MUCH, MUCH more.May require a larger food budget.Requires careful planning and price comparisons.Desired amount, equipment, ingredients, and supplies.
6Why do people buy convenience foods? Busy schedulesQuick mealEasy to fixLifestyleTime saved makes up for extra $$ spent
7Why don’t people buy convenience foods? Less time spent interacting with familyMay have lower nutritional valueMay not include enough portions of fruit and vegetablesMay not get enough servings from the Canadian Food gUIDEContains a high percentage of fat and sodium
8Convenience Foods Easy for children, elderly, people with poor health. Simplify meal preparationCan be used in creative ways:Added as an ingredient in a recipe.Combined with other convenience foods to create a homemade taste.
9ADVANTAGES OF CONVENIENCE FOODS less preparation timereduced planning, buying and storing of ingredientsfewer leftoversmore variety, especially for inexperienced cooksfaster and easier cleanupstorability – usually keep well for extended periods
10Convenience Foods Save Time But Can Cost More Convenience foods can cost more than the same foods you make at home.Choose them carefully. Make foods at home, if you have the time.What adds to the cost of convenience foods?*packaging*precooking*seasoning and saucesThe more done to foods by someone else – the more you pay:Make your own convenience foods*Leftovers are one key to convenience*Plan meals so you will have leftovers to eat later inthe week.$ Make Your Food Dollars Count $_
11DISADVANTAGES OF CONVENIENCE FOODS may be less meat, fish or cheese than you would include in homemade versionscooking time is sometimes increased for thawing or longer baking timeharder to control fat, salt and sugar levelscost per serving may be higher than homemade
12HIGH COST CONVENIENCE *frozen vegetables with sauce *coating mixes *carry out or deli items*frozen entrees or dinners*instant hot cereals*fancy bakery items*ready-to-use frosting*frozen pancake batter*meat “helpers”*seasoned rice
13*cake and pancake dry mixes *canned vegetables and fruits LOW COST CONVENIENCE*frozen juice concentrate*cake and pancake dry mixes*canned vegetables and fruits*plain frozen vegetables*instant mashed potatoes*spaghetti sauce*instant nonfat dry milk*macaroni and cheese dry mix*canned condensed soups*frozen French fries*bread, crackers, rolls
14Some Convenience Foods are Cheaper than Homemade because: *mass production and distribution are more cost effective*transportation is cheaper for packaged foods, especially in concentrated form*original purchase costs take advantage of bulk prices and seasonal production*less spoilage and waste occur with packaged convenience items
15THREE LEVELS OF CONVENIENCE BASIC – canned, frozen, or dried foods with one or very few ingredients; instant potatoes, frozen juice concentrates, and canned vegetablesCOMPLEX – several ingredients with more time-saving processing; these often cost more than homemade—ready-to-use frosting, frozen waffles, and frozen entreesMANUFACTURED – cannot be made at home, relatively expensive because of production technology--carbonated beverages, instant breakfast, and ready- to-eat cereals