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Family Times Daily Questions Prior Knowledge Cause and Effect Vocabulary Context Clues Predictions Guided Comprehension Author's Purpose Fantasy in Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Family Times Daily Questions Prior Knowledge Cause and Effect Vocabulary Context Clues Predictions Guided Comprehension Author's Purpose Fantasy in Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Family Times Daily Questions Prior Knowledge Cause and Effect Vocabulary Context Clues Predictions Guided Comprehension Author's Purpose Fantasy in Science Fiction Independent Readers Crust, Mantle, Core Additional Resources Language Skills

2 Study Skills  Genre: Science Fiction  Comprehension Skill: Cause and Effect  Comprehension Strategy: Summarize  Vocabulary: Context Clues



5 Question of the week How do we explore the center of the Earth? Daily Questions What characteristics are important for an explorer to have? How would you feel if yours were the first human eyes to see the ichthyosaurus and plesiosaurus? What, to you, is the most interesting thing scientists have learned about what lies below Earth’s Surface?

6 Language Skills Daily Fix It Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Transparency: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives Practice Book Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Spelling Strategy Page 93 Page 94 Page 95 Page 96 Writing Workshop Reading Writing ConnectionWriting Prompt Writer’s CraftEditing and Revising

7 Language Skills

8 Day 1 Daily Fix It 1.The awdiense loved our performance of jules Verne’s story. The audience loved our performance of Jules Verne’s story. 2.I think it is gooder than his other novels and I have read them all. I think it is better than his other novels, and I have read them all. Language Skills

9 Day 2 Daily Fix It 1. Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea are one of the popularest science fiction books of all time. Verne’s 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is on of the most popular science fiction books of all time. 2.It features a submarine, a vessel that weren’t invented until deckades later. It features a submarine, a vessel that wasn’t invented until decades later. Language Skills

10 Day 3 Daily Fix It 1. In this novel, captain Nemo roams the teritory beneath the sea. In this novel, Captain Nemo roams the territory beneath the sea. 2.Nemo wont live on land because he have cut himself off from humans. Nemo won’t live on land because he has cut himself off from humans. Language Skills

11 Day 4 Daily Fix It 1.Your dinosaur projet was good done. Your dinosaur project was well done. 2.Did eny dinosaurs live underwater. Did any dinosaurs live underwater?

12 Day 5 Daily Fix It 1. That there adventure story is fast-paced exciting, and absorbing. That adventure story is fast-paced, exciting, and absorbing. 2.Storys by Jules Verne feature weird but believeable machines. Stories by Jules Verne feature weird but believable machines. Language Skills





17 Spelling Strategy Divide and Conquer Words with Affixes: Step 1: Draw a line between the base word and the prefix and/or suffix. Step 2: Study the word one part at a time.

18 Language Skills






24 Writing Prompt How do you feel about this story or about science fiction in general? Do you like to read it? Write a letter to a friend to persuade him or her to agree with your opinion. Provide as many reasons and convincing details as you can. Language Skills

25 Editing/Revising Checklist  Did I use language and details that are suitable for my audience?  Did I use comparative and superlative adjective forms correctly?  Have I spelled words with Latin roots ject, aud, terr, and dec correctly?

26 Activate Prior Knowledge: Brainstorm about what they would find if they could see a cross-section of the Earth. Making Predictions Making Observations Carrying Out Experiments Comparing Results This is the Scientific Method

27 Cause and Effect A cause (why something happens) may have several effects. An effect (What happens as a result of the cause) may have several causes. Sometimes clue words such as since, as a result, caused, thus, therefore, and consequently are used to show cause- and-effect relationships. Cause Effect

28 Summarize Summarizing, telling what a story or article is basically about, helps you understand and remember what you read. It helps you figure out main ideas and find important supporting details. It also helps you see important causes and effects.


30 Write: 1.Read the selection “Earth.” Create graphic organizers like the ones above to show any causes and effects in the selection. 2.Write a summary of the selection “Earth.” Use your graphic organizers to help you.




34 Introduce Vocabulary Word Armor Encases Extinct Hideous Plunged Serpent SynonymAntonym covering encloses dead ugly fell snake Alive Beautiful Soared

35 Armor Any kind of protective covering

36 Encases Covers completely; encloses

37 Extinct No longer existing

38 Hideous Very ugly; frightful; horrible

39 Plunged Fell or moved suddenly downward or forward

40 Serpent Snake, especially a big snake

41 More Words to Know Calculations Careful thinking; deliberate plans Ichthyosaurus: A large fishlike reptile, now extinct, that lived in the sea. Pleisosaurus: Any of several large sea reptiles that lived about 200 million years ago.

42 Practice Lesson Vocabulary If a creature is hideous, is it clumsy or terrible-looking? If a creature has armor, it is covered in strange hair or in a tough shell? If a creature is extinct, it is a huge eater or long dead? Is it true that a shell encases a turtle? Is a serpent a form of fish? If a seagull plunged towards the ocean, would it be diving downwards?

43 Vocabulary Strategy: Context Clues: As you read, you may come to a word you do not know. Look for clues in the context or words and sentences around the word. They may help you figure out the meaning of the unknown word. 1.Reread the sentence in which the unknown word appears. Does the author include a synonym, antonym, or other clue to the word’s meaning? 2.If you need more help, read the sentences around the one with the unknown word. 3.Put the clues together and thing of a logical meaning for the word. Does this meaning make sense in the sentence? As your read “The Land of Imagination,” use the context to help you figure out the meanings of any unfamiliar words.



46 Genre: Science Fiction Science fiction is imaginary writing based upon scientific ideas. Notice how the author uses vivid and exciting sights and sounds to create a make-believe world.

47 What strange animals await the explorers at the center of the Earth?

48 Preview and Predict Read the title, look at the illustrations, and predict how the author might use facts in the story. Use your vocabulary in your discussion.

49 Guided Comprehension What is the setting of this story? Reread p. 588, paragraph 3. What causes the raft to be lifted out of the water and thrown a distance? How do you think the adventurers are feeling at this point? Imagine yourself in this situation. How would you feel? What do you think was Jules Verne’s purpose for writing this story? How does the illustration help you understand the text on pp.590-591? What caused the monsters to come close to the raft, then turn away. Summarize the main events on p. 593, paragraphs 1 and 2. To what does the narrator compare the size of the ichthyosaurus’s flaming red eyes?

50 Guided Comprehension Continued Use context clues to determine the meaning of extinct on p. 595. What information in the story seems to be based on scientific information? Summarize the end of the story on pp. 596-597. In the last sentence, the narrator wonders whether the ichthyosaurus will come back to destroy them. What do you predict will happen? Give your reasons. Do you think the events in this story could happen in the real world? Give reasons to support your answers.

51 Author’s Purpose There are four common reasons why authors write: to persuade, to inform, to entertain, and to express an idea. So far, the story has been exciting and suspenseful. It makes me want to keep reading to find out what will happen next. This makes me think that Jules Verne wrote this story mainly to entertain readers. Why might Jules Verne chose to tell this story in the form of a diary?


53 Fantasy in Science Fiction Science fiction stories are a kind of fantasy because they tell about events that couldn’t happen or that haven’t happened yet. Science fiction often contains scientific information that makes the fantasy elements more believable. The elements of fantasy in science fiction have to do with technology rather than magic. Reread the introductory paragraph on p. 587 and explain why this story is considered science fiction. 1.Does it tell about events that couldn’t happen or haven’t happened yet? 2. Does it contain scientific information that makes the fantasy believable?

54 SUMMARY In this story, Mrs. Cieco’s class learns about the layers of the Earth during a field trip to Mount Randall. Three students, Toby, Kenny, and Maria, travel through the Earth in a scientist’s machine, experiencing Earth’s layers first-hand. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 4 Why is it a special day? PAGE 7 What are the five layers of the Earth? PAGE 9 Why do the rock plates under the continents move? PAGE 10 What keeps the Earth’s inner core solid? PAGE 13 What happened when Kenny and Toby climbed to the top of the volcano?



57 SUMMARY For centuries, scientists have been puzzling over the composition of our planet. From Aristotle—who thought the Earth was solid—to the recent findings of scientists today, this book tells the story of the discovery of the Earth’s layers. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 4 What did Aristotle, the Greek philosopher, believe about the Earth? PAGE 5 What did maps from the mid-16 th century reveal? PAGE 8 What did Neptunists believe? PAGE 15 Why did German scientist Alfred Wegener believe that Africa and South America were once connected? PAGE 16 What happened when scientists explored an underwater mountain chain? PAGE 21 What happens when two tectonic plates collide?



60 SUMMARY The planet Earth today consists of seven continents separated by the world’s oceans. Evidence suggests, however, that hundreds of millions of years ago, the continents were all connected. This book explains plate tectonics, the force that moves continents, and the ways that mountains are formed. COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS PAGE 4 What is the meaning of Pangaea? PAGE 5 What is the name for the theory that explains how the continents shift and move? PAGE 6 What made Alfred Wegener believe that South America and Africa might once have been connected? PAGE 7 What caused scientists in the 1950s to change their understanding of how the Earth’s surface moves? PAGE 13 What happens when an ocean floor pushes toward a landmass? Why?



63 Genre: Textbook  Textbooks are used in classrooms to teach facts, give information, and offer explanations in a specific subject area.  The information has been researched for accuracy.  The material in textbooks is deigned to help students learn and do well on tests. Text features:  In textbooks, diagrams are sometimes used to explain important information.  Captions in pictures and diagrams add information.

64 How can a diagram help a reader understand the text? What purpose do captions in diagrams and illustrations serve? How do the diagram’s captions help you summarize? Notice that causes and effects are clearly stated.

65 Additional Resources Earth's Layers- game Jefferson County Schools Adjectives: Smartboard Adjectives: Internet4theclassroom Latin Roots

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