Presentation on theme: "“Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live…” (Exodus 22:18)."— Presentation transcript:
“Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live…” (Exodus 22:18).
The Puritans Daily Routine Dress Diet
Belief System, Attitudes and Superstitions
Social Order/Political Order
Why did the Salem Witch Trials happen? 1.“the ordinary stresses of 17th-century life in Massachusetts Bay Colony, -bitter weather, sickness and death, devastating fires, drought, insect infestations that killed crops 2.a strong belief in the devil, - HE was the one who hurt their crops; biblical teachings said witches were real and dangerous
Why did the Salem Witch Trials happen? 3. groups among Salem Village fanatics and rivalry with nearby Salem Town, 4. a recent small pox epidemic, and 5. the threat of attack by warring tribes (wanting to repossess the land the Europeans took) All created a fertile ground for fear and suspicion”
What was the effect of these causes? “Prisons were filled with more than 150 men and women from towns surrounding Salem. Their names had been "cried out" by tormented young girls as the cause of their pain. They believed the girls because of “ spectral evidence,” which was a testimony that apparitions resembling the accused had tormented people. All would await trial for a crime punishable by death in 17th-century New England, the practice of witchcraft.”
The Salem Witch Trials Why it spread and no one stopped it… – “Not everybody was accused, after all, so there must be some reason why you were” (Miller 3). – Turning away in fear of being identified from the condemned was safer than standing up for the injustice that you were witnessing – “The thought that the state has lost its mind and is punishing so many innocent people is intolerable” (Miller 4) so people felt it was necessary and made more sense to deny it.
The Red Scare
Senator McCarthy Established House Committee of Un-American Activities (HUAC)
The Hollywood Ten Refused to answer questions from HUAC “Unfriendly witnesses”
3 Options: 1.Claim they were not or had never been Communists (perjuring themselves) 2.Claim membership and name others (lose jobs) 3.Refuse to answer (5 th Amendment right)
Effects of The Blacklist Forced pseudonyms to sell scripts Suspended without pay (212 lost jobs) No films about social problems
Arthur Miller Born in New York City, New York October 17 th, 1915 – February 10 th, 2005 American Playwright and Essayist Was married to Marilyn Monroe Controversial author Wrote many plays including: – The Crucible- took a year to write – Death of a Salesman – A View from the Bridge – All My Sons
Basic Information on The Crucible The Crucible is based on the Salem Witch Trials of This trial convicted 150 people of witchcraft; they were all falsely accused. 20 people died because of these false accusations. The play was first performed on Jan. 22, While the play was being written in the early 1950’s, there was a mass hysteria going on in America.
The Characters Mercy Lewis Mary Warren AbigailParris Rebecca Nurse