Growth in East Honolulu should occur by Infilling existing built-up areas rather than spreading develop- ment onto steep slopes, higher elevations, undeveloped mountain ridges and valley walls, or deeper recesses of the valleys. Maintain, protect, and/or restore native forests in the State Conservation District. Mountain and Agricultural areas are to remain outside of the designated Urban Community Boundary. MAINTAIN THE URBAN FORM OF RIDGE-AND-VALLEY NEIGHBORHOODS
Preservation Boundary Are necessary for protection of watersheds, water resources and water supplies Are necessary for the conservation, preservation and enhancement of sites with scenic, historic, archaeological or ecological significance Are necessary for providing and preserving park lands, wilderness and beach reserves, and for conserving natural ecosystems of endemic plants, fish and wildlife, for forestry, and other activities related to these uses Are generally characterized by topography, soils, climate or other related environmental factors that may not be normally adaptable or presently needed for urban community or agriculture use Have general slopes of 20 percent or more which provide for open space amenities and/or scenic values Are susceptible to floods and soil erosion, lands undergoing major erosion damage and requiring corrective attention, and lands necessary to the protection of the health, safety and welfare of the public by reason of soil instability or the land’s susceptibility to landslides and/or inundation by tsunami and flooding
Historic and Cultural Resources In ancient times, Paikō Ridge was called “Ka lapa o mana” or “ridge of mana (power). Manuel De Pico, a Portuguese whaler, was able to purchase property in this area for $800 after the Great Mahele in 1848. Makaniolu Shelter on Paikō’s ocean cliff, is on the Hawaii Register of Historic Places, the only such registered site in East Honolulu. But there hasn’t been an archeological survey of Kalapa o Mana. Just imagine the historic and cultural resources that await to be found.
Pulelehua or Kamehameha Butterfly Vegetation: Vegetation and Species The Pulelehua, the official insect of Hawai‘i, is one of only two species that is native to Hawaii. Exotic grasses Koa haole (Leucaena glauca) ‘Ilima (Sida fallax) Cactus (Cactaceae)
Hazards include soil erosion, boulders and landslides