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Lessons learned from developing a Windows 8 Metro application in C# Frode Nilsen Nilsen Labs Ticki.

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Presentation on theme: "Lessons learned from developing a Windows 8 Metro application in C# Frode Nilsen Nilsen Labs Ticki."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lessons learned from developing a Windows 8 Metro application in C# Frode Nilsen Nilsen Labs Ticki

2 Agenda  Async-await done right  Applying the MVVM pattern in Windows 8  Unscientific comparison of MS XAML technologies

3

4 The async-await pattern  What it is  What it not is  Pitfalls  Applying it properly

5 Background  Feb 2012: Introduced in.Net 4.5  Spring 2011: Async CTP  June 2008: Task Parallel Library (TPL,.NET 4.0)

6 The basics  Two new c# keywords: async and await  Makes asyncronous programming easy  Makes asyncronous code clean

7 The old way

8 The new way

9 1 2

10 Defintion: Asynchrony  «Not at the same time»  When method returns to the caller  When the caller gets the return value Threads

11 Going deeper  Async part 1, part 2 NDC 2012 presentation Lucian Wischik (Microsoft Senior Program Manager)part 1part 2  The Task Asynchronous Pattern (TAP) paper by Stephen Toub Feb 2012 (Microsoft Async Guru)Task Asynchronous Pattern  Progress reporting  Cancellation  Retrying  Interleaving  Throttling

12 The power of asynchronous programming - example

13 Option 1 – Serially Rq 1Rq 2Rq 3 Time Rq 4

14 Option 2 – In Parallel Rq 1 Rq 2 Rq 3 Time Rq 4

15 Request slot 2 Request slot 1 Option 3 – Throttled parallelism Rq 1 Rq 2Rq 3 Rq 4 Time  Google «AsyncSemaphore»AsyncSemaphore

16 DEMO – the powers of Tasks

17 Async pitfalls 1 : Blocking threads Task.Wait() Task.Result

18 Async pitfalls 2 : Deadlocks

19 Async pitfalls 3 : Exceptions

20 Async pitfalls 4 : async void

21 Rule of thumbs for async await  Never return async void from a method, unless it’s a UI event handler  Always await async methods. If you want to run several tasks in parallel, use await Task.WhenAll() or await Task.WhenAny()  Never use Task.Wait() or Task.Result to «synchronify» async methods, except in unit tests.  Never do async calls from constructors

22 MVVM in Windows 8  Recap of the gist  Applying it to Windows 8  Pitfalls  Tools and tips

23 MVVM Model View ViewModel Send notifications Data binding and commands Send notifications Updates From MSDN

24 MVVM Model View ViewModel Send notifications Data binding and commands Send notifications Updates DATABINDING

25 Things that are impossible to do directly from the ViewModel  Give a visual element focus  Select text in a text box  Scroll an item into view  Show / hide Charms, App-or Navigation-bar

26 MVVM “MVVM is targeted at modern UI development platforms which support Event-driven programming” Quotes from the Wikipedia article

27 MVVM “MVVM is targeted at modern UI development platforms which support Event-driven programming” Quotes from the Wikipedia article

28 DEMO - events

29 Controls and DataContext A B C A ViewModels Controls B C D E A ListView

30 Controls and DataContext A B C A ViewModels Controls B C D E A ListView

31 Controls and DataContext A B C A ViewModels Controls B C D E A ListView D E F

32 Controls and DataContext A B C A ViewModels Controls B C D E A ListView D E F

33 Solution: Pub/sub-pattern Messenger Publisher 1 Publisher 2 Subscriber 1 Subscriber 2

34 Solution: Pub/sub-pattern Messenger Publisher 1 Publisher 2 Subscriber 1 Subscriber 2 User controls ViewModels

35 Solution: Pub/sub-pattern Messenger Publisher 1 Publisher 2 Subscriber 1 Subscriber 2 MVVM Light Toolkit link

36 DEMO – pub/sub

37 MVVM “MVVM was designed to make use of data binding functions in WPF to better facilitate the separation of view layer development from the rest of the pattern by removing virtually all GUI code (“code-behind”) from the view layer” Quotes from the Wikipedia article

38 Things that are impossible to do directly from the ViewModel  Give a visual element focus  Select text in a text box  Scroll an item into view  Show / hide Charms, App-or Navigation-bar

39 Things I thought were impossible, but were not  Trigger animations  Achieved through the use of databound visual states and attached propertiesdatabound visual states attached properties  Alter the layout of a grid  You can databind Grid.ColumnDefinition.Width  You can databind visibility of sections within the grid

40 Windows 8 XAML vs «other XAML»

41 Example 1: Bundled controls

42 WinFormSLWin8 ButtonXXX DatePickerXX DataGridXX TreeViewXX ComboBoxXX TabControlXX GridXX StackPanelXX MediaElementXX

43 Making your own controls  Templates Templates  Visual tree vs Logical tree Visual tree vs Logical tree  Custom dependency properties Custom dependency properties  Custom events

44 Example 2: Databinding  Binding update on property changed

45 WinForms

46 WPF

47 Silverlight No UpdateSourceTrigger

48 WinRT No UpdateSourceTrigger No BindingOperations.GetBinding()

49 WinRT 2 (a slightly better alternative) link

50 Microsoft XAML technologies  WPF  Silverlight  Windows Phone 7  Windows 8 (WinRT) Time Quality

51 Thank you  Mail:   Blog:

52 Q & A


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