Presentation on theme: "Lutheran Service Book 2006 Dr. Peter Rehwaldt, a Lutheran hymnwriter and pastor, once declared “It is amazing what happens when two or three books collide,"— Presentation transcript:
1Lutheran Service BookDr. Peter Rehwaldt, a Lutheran hymnwriter and pastor, once declared “It is amazing what happens when two or three books collide, especially books that are not usually shelved anywhere close to one another.” One way to think about Lutheran Service Book would be as the carefully planned “collision” of two or three books, books that in certain corners of our Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, were often not shelved too closely together. The Lutheran Hymnal of 1941 had its historic place in the life and in the pew racks of many Missouri Synod congregations. For me, TLH was the hymnal of my youth and a number of its texts were memorized by me and by many other Missouri Synod Lutherans at an early age. Lutheran Worship arrived on the scene in the Missouri Synod after the tumultuous theological events of the 1970’s had rocked our church body. Lutheran Worship was the Missouri Synod’s answer to the perceived theological deficiencies in the Lutheran Book of Worship of Yet about one third of our synod’s congregations neither welcomed the advent of Lutheran Worship in 1982 nor in the subsequent years. For those congregations that had placed LW into their pew racks, many came to feel that its poetical and musical idiosyncrasies did not wear well over time. From my perspective as a Lutheran pastor, Lutheran Worship has been the only hymnal I have used in three different congregations during the twenty-three years of my pastoral ministry to date. Added to The Lutheran Hymnal and Lutheran Worship is a third book, Hymnal Supplement 98, that was part of this amazing “planned collision” we now know as Lutheran Service Book. In many ways, HS98 was a test document, helping to launch our synod into the Lutheran Hymnal Project even as it “tested the waters” with regards to certain issues of language and music while broadening our hymnological horizons.
2Lutheran Service Book 2006 Hymnody Committee Stephen Everette Lorraine FlorindezHenry GerikeJoseph HerlJanet MuthRichard ReschStephen StarkeDaniel ZagerPaul Grime ex officioJon Vieker ex officioThe members of Hymnody Committee, who were charged with the task of selecting the texts, tunes, and settings for the hymn corpus of Lutheran Service Book, had to carefully judge between the traditional and the trendy, evaluating hymn collections and the numerous submissions of hymn texts and tunes, looking at new genres and perusing the innovative for possible inclusion. Decisions, decisions and more decisions were prayerfully made as from our own time-bound, contemporary perspective we reexamined and carefully sought to restore and unify the treasure of our received hymnological tradition while also conservatively supplementing and expanding that tradition.
3God of the Prophets, Bless the Prophets’ Sons LSB 682 stanza 1God of the prophets, bless the prophets’ sons;Elijah’s mantle o’er Elisha cast.Each age its solemn task may claim but once;Make each one nobler, stronger than the last.Denis Wortman,The Hymnody Committee’s prayerful approach to its charge could be described by the words of this familiar hymn stanza. Since Elijah’s mantle had been cast upon us, we asked God to bless our prophetic work together. We recognized that our task was indeed a solemn one, for by the hymns selected, we would be placing words into the mouths of God’s people, the very words that would help them sing of Christ—words of prayer, praise, and thanksgiving. For this task we had but one opportunity and so we petitioned God that He would, by His rich grace, make this new hymnal even nobler and stronger than the great hymnals that had preceded it.
4Come, Holy Ghost, Creator Blest stanzas 1 and 6 LSB 498 And make our hearts Your place of rest;Come with Your grace and heav’nly aid,And fill the hearts which You have made.Teach us to know the Father, Son,And You, from both, as Three in OneThat we Your name may ever blessAnd in our lives Your truth confess.Rabanus Maurus, ; tr. Edward Caswall,The Hymnody Committee always approached its task prayerfully, asking God the Holy Spirit to bless all of our endeavors together. We prayed that He would come with His grace and heavenly aid, so that the hearts of all who would sing the hymns finally selected for this new hymnal would be taught to better know the Triune God, be led to bless His name, and be assisted in their task of confessing the truth of His Word.
5Criteria For Hymn Selection Theological Christocentric, biblically-grounded, Law/Gospel rightly distinguished, theology of the crossLinguistic doctrinal precision, poetical integrity/ language issues, corporate nature of the textMusical music as servant of the text, the proper union of text and tune, musical integrity of the tune and setting, churchly character of the tuneLiturgical lectionary/Church Year/liturgical usage, sacramental focus, supportive of daily devotional life, ability of text and tune to withstand repeated usagePastoral catechetical use, cultivating faith and piety, restoration of hymns, sensitivity to LC-MS “tradition”Catholic historic universality, ethnic catholicityWhen reviewing any given hymnal, one often wonders what led to the inclusion of certain hymns in a particular hymnal. In the case of Lutheran Service Book, early on in our work together, the Hymnody Committee constructed a framework of criteria for hymn selection. The considerations for hymn selection fell under six broad categories: theological criteria, linguistic criteria, musical criteria, liturgical criteria, pastoral criteria, and catholic criteria. Most of the time, the committee came to a common consensus on texts that should be included and texts that should not. However, at other times the committee found that these criteria and their sub points had the potential of conflicting with each other. Due to the complex nature of the task of hymn selection, the Hymnody Committee discovered that each and every hymn really needed to be judged on its own merits, informed and guided by these criteria while also weighing any additional considerations that might came into play with any given hymn.
6Theological Criteria Christocentric Biblically-grounded Law/Gospel rightly distinguishedTheology of the crossThe first sieve through which any hymn text was strained was the theological sieve comprised of four filters. The four subcategories under the broad umbrella of theological criteria were:1.the Christocentric nature of a hymn text2. the need for the hymn text to be biblically grounded3. the need for Law/Gospel to be rightly distinguished in the hymn4. a “theology of the cross” perspective reflected in the hymn.
7ChristocentricThe life and salvific work of Jesus Christ will be the heart and center of the chosen hymn texts.Hymns which reflect the Second Article of the Apostles’ Creed will predominate because only through Christ can we properly understand and receive the creating work of the Father (First Article) and the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit (Third Article).We will extol the beauty of truth and Christ’s righteousness over the beauty of nature.Person and Work of ChristRedeemer LSBJustification LSBChief among all of the theological criteria was the Christocentric nature of a hymn text. Since Christ is the central character of Holy Scripture and since He is the key that unlocks its message, it stands to reason that the chief desire of the Hymnody Committee was that the hymns of Lutheran Service Book would be focused upon Christ and exalt Him and His gracious saving work on behalf of the human race. The Christocentric nature of the hymn selection process is also underscored by how the hymns have actually been laid out in Lutheran Service Book. Hymns relating to the person and work of Christ, those hymns in the “Redeemer” and “Justification” sections of LSB, immediately follow the hymns of the Church Year (which hymns already, in some way, point to the life of Christ). Thus, these hymns relating to the person and work of Christ (LSB hymn numbers ) precede all the other broad categories of the hymnal. The Hymnody Committee reasoned that the life of the Church and our Christian life begin, find their daily focus, and come to their glorious conclusion in Jesus Christ.
8Since our Great High Priest, Christ Jesus stanzas 1 and 3 LSB 529 Bears the name above all names,Reigning Son of God, surpassingOther titles, pow’rs and claims—Since to heav’n our Lord has passed,Let us hold our witness fast.Sacrifice and suff’ring over,Now He sits at God’s right hand,Crowned with praise, no more an outcast,His preeminence long-planned;Such a great High Priest we have,Strong to help, supreme to save.Christopher M. Idle, b. 1938Some examples of how these theological criteria all worked together can be seen in the following stanzas taken from the Redeemer and Justification sections of Lutheran Service Book. Christopher Idle’s text, “Since our Great High Priest, Christ Jesus,” is firmly grounded in Scripture and clearly speaks of Christ’s high priestly work on our behalf.
9Jesus Has Come and Brings Pleasure stanza 3 LSB 533 RedeemerJesus has come as the mighty Redeemer.See now the threatening strong one disarmed!Jesus breaks down all the walls of death’s fortress,Brings forth the pris’ners triumphant, unharmed.Satan, you wicked one, own now Your master!Jesus has come! He the mighty Redeemer!Johann Ludwig Conrad Allendorf, ;tr. Oliver C. Rupprecht,“Jesus Has Come and Brings Pleasure” is a familiar hymn for those congregations who have used Lutheran Worship, but this text and tune will be new for those congregations still using The Lutheran Hymnal. (One of the strengths of Lutheran Service Book for TLH congregations is the great wealth of fine hymns found in Lutheran Worship that many in our synod have grown to know and love.) New in LSB is the category placement of “Jesus Has Come And Brings Pleasure. ” It will no longer will it be found in the “Epiphany” section of the hymnal, but now it has been moved to the “Redeemer” section of LSB to broaden its usage beyond the Epiphany season. Such a change was indeed theologically motivated and also reflects the pastoral desire to have this great hymn sung more. Many other hymns have also changed categories in Lutheran Service Book from their locations in previous hymnals and each of these changes was also considered carefully from both a theological and a pastoral standpoint. (The “Spiritual Songs” category of The Lutheran Hymnal and Lutheran Worship was one of the categories not taken into Lutheran Service Book. The Hymnody Committee felt that if a folk hymn or a spiritual song was chosen for inclusion in LSB, it ought not to be shunted off to the end of the hymnal, but rather it was placed into the topical category that best reflected its textual content.)
10How Wide the Love of Christ stanzas 1, 3, and 4 LSB 535 It knows not class or raceBut holds our one humanityWithin its broad embrace.How high the love of Christ!Beyond all thought it soars,And yet upon our passing livesUnmeasured mercy pours.How deep the love of Christ,Descending to a cross!He bears within His wounded handsAll human pain and loss.Herman G. Stuempfle Jr., b. 1923ELCA hymn writer and retired Gettysburg Seminary president, Herman Stuempfle, has written many theologically substantive texts that are very Christocentric, biblically grounded, and focus on the cross of Jesus Christ. These are among the reasons why a number of his texts were chosen for inclusion in Lutheran Service Book over other texts. Stuempfle’s texts are also well crafted from a wordsmith standpoint. “How Wide the Love of Christ” is but one of his many fine texts chosen for inclusion in LSB.
11Praise Be to Christ stanza 3 LSB 538 Praise be to Him who, Lord Most High,The fullness of the Godhead shares;And yet our human nature bears,Who came as man to bleed and die.And from His cross there flows our peaceWho chose for us the path He trod,That so might sins and sorrows ceaseAnd all be reconciled to God.Timothy Dudley-Smith, b. 1926.Timothy Dudley-Smith, a retired Anglican bishop from Great Britain, is another hymnwriter whose work is well-represented in LSB. His texts also consistently met these theological criteria which guided the committee in our task of selecting hymns for Lutheran Service Book. While this LSB text is new to our synod, it has been joined to the very familiar tune O GROSSER GOTT, the tune for “ O God of God, O Light of Light.”
12Lamb of God stanza 2 LSB 550 Your Gift of love they crucified, They laughed and scorned Him as He died:The humble King they named a fraud,And sacrificed the Lamb of God.Refrain: O Lamb of God, sweet Lamb of God.I love the holy Lamb of God!O wash me in His precious blood,My Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God.Twila Paris, b. 1958.The so-called “contemporary” genre was also examined by the Hymnody Committee and our efforts yielded a few texts worthy of inclusion in LSB, texts that were not man-centered but Christ-centered, texts that were not written from the usual “theology of glory” standpoint but rather from a “theology of the cross” perspective, texts set to music that was not soloistic in nature but music able to be sung congregationally . Twila Paris’ “Lamb of God,” with its Christ-centered text and its folk-like tune, met such theological and musical criteria. Many other contemporary songs that were examined by the Hymnody Committee did not meet these criteria and were excluded from LSB.
13Thy Works, Not Mine, O Christ stanzas 1 and 3 LSB 565 Speak gladness to this heart;They tell me all is done,They bid my fear depart.Refrain: To whom save Thee,Who canst aloneFor sin atoneLord, shall I flee?Thy cross, not mine, O Christ,Has borne the crushing loadOf sins that none could bearBut the incarnate God.RefrainHoratius Bonar,.Some may be inclined to think that if a hymn contains a refrain, as did our previous example, it must be substandard or avoided. The fact is that there are many fine hymns (67 total) with refrains in Lutheran Service Book. “Thy Works, Not Mine, O Christ” is one such hymn and was restored to Lutheran Service Book from The Lutheran Hymnal. What better question for a worshiper to consider than the one repeated again and again in this refrain, “To whom save Thee, who canst alone for sin atone Lord, shall I flee?” I shall ever and always and always flree to Christ! Christocentricity…the chief theological criteria.
14The Lamb stanzas 2 and 4 LSB 547 The Lamb, the Lamb,One perfect final offering.Let earth join heaven His praise to sing.Refrain: Worthy is the Lamb whose death makes me His own!The Lamb is reigning on His throne!He sighs, He dies,He takes my sin and wretchedness.He lives, forgives,He gives me His own righteousnessRefrainGerald P. Coleman, b. 1953.Hymnal Supplement 98 introduced our synod to “The Lamb” by Gerald Coleman. The refrain of Gerald Coleman’s text places into the mouth of the singer the wonderful words of praise to the Lamb from the book of Revelation. He also composed the tune WINTER which wonderfully matches his text.
15My Hope Is Built on Nothing Less stanzas 1 and 3 LSB 575, 576 Than Jesus’ blood and righteousness;No merit of my own I claimBut wholly lean on Jesus’ name.Refrain: On Christ, the solid rock, I stand;All other ground is sinking sand.His oath, His covenant and bloodSupport me in the whelming flood;When ev’ry earthly prop gives way,He then is all my hope and stay.RefrainEdward Mote,.The refrain of “My Hope Is Built on Nothing Less” does a fine job of expressing the Christian’s confident stance upon Christ when the storms of life assault the believer. Set in Lutheran Service Book to the familiar tune MAGDALEN (LSB 575), it is also included in LSB with the tune SOLID ROCK (LSB 576) sung in many churches and other denominations. MELITA, another popular ecumenical tune for this text, is also suggested.
16O Jesus Christ, Thy Manger Is stanzas 1 and 2 LSB 372 My paradise at which my soul reclineth.For there, O Lord,Doth lie the WordMade flesh for us; herein Thy grace forth shineth.He whom the seaAnd wind obeyDoth come to serve the sinner in great meekness.For Thou, God’s Son,With us, art one,Dost join us and our children in our weakness.Paul Gerhardt, , tr. The Lutheran Hymnal, 1941The treasured hymn texts of Paul Gerhardt speak clearly of Christ and the objective truths concerning His redemptive work, yet Gerhardt’s texts do so in a very personal way. “O Jesus Christ, Thy Manger Is,” is a text from The Lutheran Hymnal that was omitted from Lutheran Worship, tested in Hymnal Supplement 98, and included in Lutheran Service Book with Kenneth Kosche’s tune IN PARADISUM.
17Christ Jesus Lay In Death’s Strong Bands stanzas 2 and 3 LSB 458 No son of man could conquer death,Such ruin sin had wrought us.No innocence was found on earth,And therefore death had brought usInto bondage from of oldAnd ever grew more strong and boldAnd held us as its captive.Alleluia!Christ Jesus, God’s own Son came down,His people to deliver;Destroying sin, He took the crownFrom death’s pale brow forever;Stripped of power, no more it reigns;An empty form alone remains;Its sting is lost forever.Martin Luther, ; tr. Richard Massie,Lutheran Service Book also sought to restore lost hymn stanzas worthy of reintroduction into its hymn corpus, a concern that actually fell under the pastoral criteria. LSB restores two great Christocentric stanzas of Luther’s Easter hymn, stanzas that were found neither in The Lutheran Hymnal nor Lutheran Worship. The restoration of these two stanzas makes this hymn a seven-stanza hymn in LSB.
18The Advent of Our King stanzas 1, 2, and 6 LSB 331 Our prayers must now employ,And we must hymns of welcome singIn strains of holy joyThe everlasting SonIncarnate deigns to be,Himself a servant’s form puts onTo set His people free.All glory to the Son,Who comes to set us free,With Father, Spirit, ever oneThrough all eternity.Charles Coffin, ; tr. John Chandler,One may turn to the very first hymn of Lutheran Service Book in the Advent section and find there a Christ-centered text that speaks of Jesus’ incarnation, His servant posture, and His redemptive work…
19Before You, Lord, We Bow stanzas 4 and 5 LSB 966 Earth, hear your Maker’s voice;Your great Redeemer own;Believe, obey, rejoice,And worship Him alone.Cast down your pride,Your sin deplore and bow beforeThe CrucifiedAnd when in pow’r He comes,Oh, may our native landFrom all its rending tombsSend forth a glorious band,A countless throng,With joy to sing to heav’n’s high KingSalvation’s song!Frances Scott Key,or…one may turn to the very last hymn in Lutheran Service Book in the Nation and National Songs section and again, one finds there a hymn that sings of Christ, His person and His work.The theological sieve was the first sieve through which the hymns of Lutheran Service Book passed.
20Biblical grounding Sanctification “All hymns used in Lutheran worship must be in accord with the Word of God, as expounded in the Book of Concord. Doctrinal fidelity must be paramount, even when this means emending or excluding particular hymns.”Translations Committee Lutheran Hymnal ProjectSanctificationAwake, O Sleeper, Rise From Death LSB 697Eph. 5:1-14; Eph. 3:16-19; 4:3-6Another theological criteria that guided the Hymnody Committee was biblical grounding. In its Guidelines and Principles for Translation, the Translations Committee of the Lutheran Hymnal Project stated:“All hymns used in Lutheran worship must be in accord with the Word of God, as expounded in the Book of Concord. Doctrinal fidelity must be paramount, even when this means emending or excluding particular hymns.”And we fully agreed with them. The biblical citations at the bottom of each hymn, an inclusion that was tested and well-received in Hymnal Supplement 98, are also included in Lutheran Service Book. These Scriptural citations indicate the biblical bedrock from which each hymn has sprung and upon which it is built and firmly stands.
21Biblical Grounding Trust Society Children of the Heavenly Father LSB 725Rom. 8:14-17; 35-39; Matt. 6:26-27; EphSociety“Forgive Our Sins as We Forgive” LSB 843Luke 11:4; Matt. 18:21-35; Eph. 4:31-32; Matt. 5:23-24No matter which section of Lutheran Service Book one examines, no matter which category of the hymnal…
22Biblical Grounding New Year Advent Now Greet the Swiftly Changing Year LSB 896Ps. 65:11; 107:8; Luke 2:21; Eph. 3:20-21AdventWhat Hope! An Eden Prophesied LSB 342Is. 11:1, 6-10; 12-16…whether the beginning of the calendar year or the start of a new Church Year, the hymns of Lutheran Service Book are biblically grounded. It is also important to note that in addition to the three or four citations included in the lower right-hand corner of each hymn in LSB, many other Scriptural citations for each hymn were carefully researched by a dedicated subcommittee to whom we owe our thanks. Their work will be greatly appreciated by all who will use LSB. The citations included in print in LSB (and these others, totaling in the thousands, those not printed at the bottom of each hymn’s page) will be easily accessible electronically through the powerful search engine features that will be a part of Lutheran Service Builder, the digital version of Lutheran Service Book.
23God’s Word Is Our Great Heritage single stanza LSB 582 And shall be ours forever;To spread its light from age to ageShall be our chief endeavor.Through life it guides our way,In death it is our stay.Lord, grant while worlds endure,We keep its teachings pureThroughout all generations.Ps. 119:105, 111; John 14:23; Luke 11:28Nikolai Fredrik Severin Grundtvig,tr. Ole G. Belsheim,Yes, God’s Word is indeed our great heritage as Lutherans. The Hymnody Committee consciously chose hymn texts for Lutheran Service Book that would support this great heritage by being grounded solidly in Holy Scripture.
24Law and Gospel Rightly Distinguished The Word of GodThe Law of God Is Good and Wise LSB 579Ps. 19:7-8; Gal. 3:10-11; Gal. 2:15-16; Rom. 5:6-11The Gospel Shows the Father’s Grace LSB 580Rom. 1:16-17; John 3:16; 1 John 4:9-10; Heb. 9:28A third theological criteria that guided the Hymnody Committee in its selection of hymns for inclusion in Lutheran Service Book was the proper distinction, balance, and application of Law and Gospel. The Law, showing our sins and how far short we come of its holy expectations and the Gospel, revealing God’s love for fallen sinners through His incarnate Son, Jesus Christ both are properly distinguished in the hymns chosen for Lutheran Service Book. This is an important criteria for any Lutheran hymnal. Note the Scripture passages listed for these two hymns. These two hymns have been placed on facing pages in the Word of God section of LSB. Such a placement of these two hymns in Lutheran Service Book recalls how they were placed in Lutheran Worship while also being a visual reminder of the desire to balance Law and Gospel in this hymnal.
25Salvation Unto Us Has Come stanza 8 LSB 555 The Law reveals the guilt of sinAnd makes us conscience stricken;But then the Gospel enters inThe sinful soul to quicken.Come to the cross, trust Christ, and live;The Law no peace can ever give,No comfort and no blessing.Paul Speratus,tr. The Lutheran Hymnal, 1941Of course there are many, many classic Lutheran hymns in the corpus of Lutheran Service Book that properly distinguish Law and Gospel, hymns like “Salvation Unto Us Has Come.” (In this particular hymn, LSB restores four stanzas that were omitted in Lutheran Worship to bring this hymn back to its ten-stanza total that was found in The Lutheran Hymnal.)One could name many classic Law/Gospel hymns including…Dear Christians, One and All RejoiceAll Mankind Fell in Adam’s FallBy Grace I’m SavedA Lamb Goes Uncomplaining ForthO Dearest Jesus, What Law Hast Thou BrokenUpon the Cross ExtendedChrist Jesus Lay in Death’s Strong Bandsjust to mention a few.
26Baptismal Waters Cover Me stanzas 1, 2, 4 LSB 616 As I approach on bended knee;My Father’s mercy here I plead,For grievous sins of thought and deed.I look to Christ upon the tree,His body broken there for me;I lay before Him all my sin,My darkest secrets from within.From Your own mouth comes forth a word;Your shepherd speaks, but You are heard;Through him Your hand now stretches out,Forgiving sin, destroying doubt.Kurt E. Reinhardt, b. 1969The proper distinction of Law and Gospel can also be illustrated by the new texts chosen for inclusion in Lutheran Service Book. “Baptismal Waters Cover Me, ” is a text by Kurt Reinhardt, a pastor in the Lutheran Church-Canada. This text can be found in the Confession and Absolution section of LSB. This new hymn provides rich comfort for all those troubled by sin’s accusations as the hymn points the believer to his baptism and to Christ’s words of absolution spoken through the pastor to him.
27No Saint on Earth Lives Life to Self Alone stanzas 1 and 2 LSB 747 Or dies alone, for we with Christ are one.So if we live, for Christ alone we live,And if we die, to Christ our dying give.In living and in dying this confess:We are the Lord’s, safe in God’s faithfulness.For to this end our Lord by death was slain,That to new life He might arise again.Through sorrow on to triumph Christ has led,And reigns o’er all, the living and the dead.In living and in dying, Him we bless;Norman J. Kansfield, b. 1940Norman Kansfield’s text, “No Saint on Earth Lives Life to Self Alone,” presents a nice application of the third use of the Law and Gospel as it reflects upon the Christian both in life and in death. In life, we live for Christ alone. In death, we die in peace, held securely in God’s faithful love, clearly and generously revealed in Jesus Christ. Each stanza concludes with the comforting thought that we are safe in God’s faithfulness.
28The Tree of Life stanzas 3 and 4 LSB 561 What mercy God showed to our race,A plan of rescue by His grace:In sending One from woman’s seed,The One to fill our greatest need—For on a tree uplifted highHis only Son for sin would die,Would drink the cup of scorn and dreadTo crush the ancient serpent’s head!Now from that tree of Jesus’ shameFlows life eternal in His name;For all who trust and will believe,Salvation’s living fruit receive.And of this fruit, so pure and sweetThe Lord invites the world to eat,To find within this cross of woodThe tree of life with ev’ry good.Stephen P. Starke, b. 1955The story of sin and grace is clearly outlined in LSB 561 “The Tree of Life.” This hymn was first introduced to our synod in Hymnal Supplement 98 and is included once again in Lutheran Service Book in the Justification section of this new hymnal. The hymn declares that God’s answer to humanity’s lost condition is the cross of Christ, our tree of life in this world. He (the devil) who by a tree once overcame in the Garden of Eden is by the tree of the cross overcome and is crushed, defeated once and for all. The hymn concludes with the Gospel call from that cross, inviting all people to receive Christ by faith, to feast upon the life-giving fruits of the cross, and to find in the cross their entrance to eternal life.
29Theology of the CrossThe highest glory of God is hidden in the weakness of the cross of Christ and His suffering and death.The cross of Christ is also the Christian’s glory, a cross mirrored in the life of the believer through the suffering the Christian experiences for the sake of the Gospel.A theology of the cross is the exact opposite of a theology of glory.A text like the “The Tree of Life” brings us to the final theological criteria that guided the Hymnody Committee in its selection of texts for Lutheran Service Book: theology of the cross. While theology of the cross is mentioned last under theological criteria, that in no way minimizes its importance. For when Lutheran hymns are at their best, they point believers to the greatest work God accomplished and to His highest glory, a glory hidden in the suffering and death of Jesus Christ on the cross. St. Paul’s desire to “preach Christ and Him crucified” (1 Corinthians 1:23, 2:2), to focus his hearers on the comfort of the cross and what the cross meant for their lives as Christians, was also a chief desire for the Hymnody Committee in its selection of hymns for Lutheran Service Book. Through it hymns, LSB also seeks to “preach Jesus Christ and Him crucified.”
30When I Behold Jesus Christ stanzas 1 and 2 LSB 542 True God who died for me,I wonder much at His loveAs He hung on the tree.Refrain: What kind of love is this? What kind of love is this?You showed Your love, Jesus, there to me on Calvary.What kind of love is this? What kind of love is this?For me You gave all Your love,For me You suffered pain;I find no words, nothing canYour selflessness explain.RefrainAlmaz Belhu b. 19??.“When I Behold Jesus Christ” written by Almaz Belhu, an Ethiopian Christian, is one such “theology of the cross” hymn. It was brought into Lutheran Service Book from Hymnal Supplement 98. This hymn text takes the objective reality of the cross of Christ and reflects upon the great sacrifice of Christ, much like “What Wondrous Love Is This” (LSB 543) or “When I Survey the Wondrous Cross” (LSB 425, 426) or “Cross of Jesus, Cross of Sorrow” (LSB 428). The truth of the matter is that there are a great number of hymns which could have been selected as illustrations to show that their theology is one that speaks clearly of the cross. That’s just how it should be in a Lutheran hymnal of a Lutheran denomination. The refrain of “When I Behold Jesus Christ” repeatedly asks the haunting question, “what kind of love is this?” Truly this is a question upon which the Christian can long reflect and for which there is really no sufficient answer. What words can we use to describe a God who so loved the world?
31In Silent Pain the Eternal Son stanza 1 LSB 432 Hangs derelict and still;In darkened day His work is done,Fulfilled His Father’s will.Uplifted for the world to seeHe hangs in strangest victory,For in His body on the treeHe carries all our ill.Christopher M. Idle, b. 1938.Christopher Idle’s text, “In Silent Pain the Eternal Son” also speaks of the cross of Christ in fresh way. Set to the tune REALITY by John Bell, this hymn was also brought into Lutheran Service Book from Hymnal Supplement 98. The hymn’s second stanza continues to theologically speak of the meaning of the cross for our lives:He died that we might die to sinAnd live for righteousness;The earth is stained to make us cleanAnd bring us into peace.For peace He came and met its cost;He gave Himself to save the lost;He loved us to the uttermostAnd paid for our release.
32When Peace, Like a River stanzas 2 and 3 LSB 763 Though Satan should buffet, though trials should come,Let this blest assurance control,That Christ hath regarded my helpless estateAnd has shed His own blood for my soul.Refrain: It is well with my soul,It is well, it is well with my soul.He lives—oh, the bliss of this glorious thought;My sin, not in part, but the whole,Is nailed to the cross, and I bear it no more.Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul!RefrainHoratio G. Spafford, b.The Gospel hymn, “When Peace, Like a River” by Horatio Spafford speaks clearly of the cross and its meaning for the life of the Christian. Why is it “well with my soul”? “It is well with my soul” because “Christ has regarded my helpless estate and shed His own blood for my soul.” Indeed, what a glorious thought that our sin, not in part, but the whole, was nailed to the cross, and we bear it no more! One hears reflected in those words the biblical grounding of this text found in Colossians 2:14: “[God]…canceled the written code, with its regulations, that was against us and that stood opposed to us; he took it away, nailing it to the cross.”“Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul!”
33All For Christ I Have Forsaken stanzas 1, 3, 5 LSB 753 And have taken up my cross;Worldly joy, its fame and fortune,Now I count as worthless dross.Gone the past, unknown the future—Grace supplies my daily breath;Strong in Christ through death’s dark valley,Firm and faithful unto death.Though the road ahead be thorny,Though dark clouds all light obscure,Though my cross-shaped path grows steeper,With the Lord, I am secure.Calvin Chao, ; tr. Stephen P. Starke, b. 1955A theology of the cross also states that the believer’s life takes on a cruciform shape as the Christian lives under the shadow of the cross. Many classis Lutheran hymns in the Hope and Comfort section of LSB and in other sections of the hymnal reflect this thought: One could name Luther’s “In the Very Midst of Life,” Gerhardt’s “Why Should Cross and Trial Grieve Me,” and Neumark’s ‘If Thou But Trust in God to Guide Thee.” This theological criterion is also reflected in a hymn like “All For Christ I Have Forsaken,” a translation of Chinese text by Calvin Chao, which concludes, “though my cross-shaped path grows steeper, with the Lord, I am secure.” That’s the confidence of life lived under the cross.All such theological criteria we have briefly illustrated by selected texts laid the foundation for subsequent criteria used by Hymnody Committee, the second of which is linguistic criteria.
34Linguistic Criteria Doctrinal precision Poetical integrity/language issuesCorporate nature of a hymn textThree categories under the umbrella of linguistic criteria are:the doctrinal precision of a hymn text,the poetical integrity of a text and any related language issues,and the corporate nature of any given hymn text.
35Doctrinal Precision Doctrine is teaching. Hymns teach the faith as truths are sung.The hymnal is a doctrinal textbook for the laity.Doctrine in hymns must be presented clearly.Clarity of Lutheran confession is necessary.Lord, Help Us Ever to Retain stanza LSB Lord, help us ever to retainThe catechism’s doctrine plainAs Luther taught the Word of truthIn simple style to tender youth.Ludwig Hembold, ; tr. Matthias Loy,A linguistic criterion such as doctrinal precision helped the Hymnody Committee think about the actual words that would be placed into the mouths of worshipers using this new hymnal, enabling them to sing of the things connected to their Christian faith. Doctrine is teaching. It has often been said that the hymnal is the doctrinal textbook of the laity. Indeed, as hymns are repeated in worship, Scriptural truths are sung into the hearts of believers. The hymns of Lutheran Service Book consciously sought to do this while also clearly reflecting Lutheran doctrine. This hymn stanza from “Lord, Help Us Ever to Retain” summarizes this quest for doctrinal precision. It is a prayer to God that He might help us to retain the truths of Scriptural doctrine, taught by any given hymn text. Hymns are writtne so that we believe the very truths confessed in the words that are sung.
36Poetical Integrity/Language Issues Poetical integrity: rhyme scheme and meterUse of language: “downdating,” imagery, freshness of expression, archaic v.s. obsoleteRetranslation of stanzas to improve both doctrinal and linguistic clarity and poetical integrityRestoration of “lost” stanzas, addition of new stanzas or newly translated stanzasPreach You the Word stanza LSB Of all his scattered plenteousnessOne-fourth waves ripe on hill and flat,And bears a harvest hundredfold:“Ah, what of that, Lord, what of that!”Martin H. Franzmann,Poetical integrity and language issues focused the Hymnody Committee’s efforts not only in its search for new texts for inclusion in Lutheran Service Book, but also as it reexamined core texts from previous hymnals chosen as core texts for LSB. What words did the hymn writer originally use? If the hymn had been translated into English from another language, how faithful was the English translation to the original? Does each text have poetical integrity? Is there a freshness of expression? Are there poetical weaknesses that need wordsmithing? Does the text use obsolete words? What other words could be substituted in their place? Are there words that are too difficult to understand and need some explanation or replacment? Are there archaic words that are part of a rhyme scheme (Thee) that ought to be left as they are? Should a text be “downdated,” that is, should it be returned to the author’s original or to an earlier version more familiar to many Missouri Synod Lutherans? Are there original stanzas that should be included in Lutheran Service Book that were omitted from past hymnals for some reason? Are there additional stanzas that need to be written for a particular text? These type of questions and so many more were asked by the Hymnody Committee as it went about its task.
37Corporate Nature of a Text Hymns connect us to other worshipers.Hymns are not merely private meditations.Hymns objectively confess objective Scriptural truth as well as subjective perspectives of faith and piety held in common by Christians.O Little Flock, Fear Not the Foe stanza LSB As true as God’s own Word is trueNot earth nor hell’s satanic crew Against us shall prevail.Their might? A joke, a mere facade!God is with us and we with God—Our vict’ry cannot fail.Jacob Fabricius, ; tr. Catherine Winkworth, , alt.A final consideration that fell under linguistic criteria was whether or not a text reflected the corporate nature of who the people of God are as they come together in worship, that is, the “we” and the “us” of the body of Christ. That doesn’t mean that first person pronouns of “I, me, and mine” are completely avoided, however, third person pronouns of “we, us, and our” ought to predominate as the worshiper sings of what God has done for all of His holy people in Christ.
38Savior of the Nations, Come stanzas 3, 6, and 7 LSB 332 Here a maid was found with child,Yet remained a virgin mild.In her womb this truth was shown:God was there upon His throne.For You are the Father’s SonWho in flesh the vict’ry won.By Your mighty pow’r make wholeAll our ills of flesh and soul.From the manger newborn lightShines in glory through the night.Darkness there no more resides;In this light faith now abides.Lutheran Service Book, 2006, st. 3, 6Gifford A. Grobien, b. 1973, st. 7Here are some examples that illustrate doctrinal precision. “Savior of the Nations, Come” is one example of a classic hymn that the Hymnody Committee had targeted early on in the process to have certain stanzas retranslated to increase such doctrinal precision and also to improve their poetical integrity.
39We Praise You, Jesus, at Your Birth stanzas 1, 3, and 6 LSB 382 Clothed in flesh You came to earth.The virgin bears a sinless boyAnd all the angels sing for joy. Alleluia!The virgin Mary’s lullabyCalms the infant Lord Most High.Upon her lap content is HeWho keeps the earth and sky and sea. Alleluia!In poverty He came to earthShowing mercy by His birth;He makes us rich in heav’nly waysAs we, like angels, sing His praise. Alleluia!Ambrose of Milan,German version, tr. Martin Luther,English version, tr. Gregory J. Wismar, b. 1946, sts. 1, 6tr. Lutheran Service Book 2006, st. 3“We Praise You, Jesus, at Your Birth” is a similar type of hymn whose previous translations were carefully examined against the original Latin and German translation and then to work from these to arrive at the clearest and best possible English translation of this ancient, classic Christmas hymn.
40Christ, the Word of God Incarnate stanza 2 LSB 540 Christ, the living bread from heaven,Food for body, food for soul;Christ, the manna daily given,Nourish, strengthen, make us whole.Feed us with the food of heaven,Foretaste of the feast to be;Quench our thirst with living waterSpringing up eternally..Steven P. Mueller, b. 1964Many new hymn texts were submitted and many hymn collections by a number of different poets were reviewed by the Hymnody Committee, all of them examined in the light of both the theological and linguistic criteria. The submitted text “Christ, the Word of God Incarnate,” by Steven Mueller met the criteria as it well-constructed and it centers around the various “I am” statements of Jesus as found in the Gospel of John. This second stanza here recalls Jesus’ words, “I am the Bread of Life.” (John 6:35, 48)
41What Is This Bread stanzas 1 and 4 LSB 629 Christ’s body risen from the dead:This bread we break,This life we take,Was crushed to pay for our release.O taste and see—the Lord is peace.Yet is God here?Oh yes! By Word and promise clear,In mouth and soulHe makes us whole—Christ truly present in this meal.O taste and see—the Lord is real.Frederic W. Baue, b. 1946.Frederic Baue’s Holy Communion text, “What Is This Bread,” approaches the Lord’s Supper catechetically, each stanza beginning with a question and then the remainder of the stanza supplying the answer for the Christian to consider as he or she partakes of the Sacrament. It has become a beloved hymn since its introduction in Hymnal Supplement 98.
42Wake, Awake, For Night Is Flying stanza 2 LSB 516 Zion hears the watchmen singing,And all her heart with joy is springing;She wakes, she rises from her gloom.For her Lord comes down all-glorious,The strong in grace, in truth victorious;Her star is ris’n, her light is come.Now come, Thou blessed One,Lord Jesus, God’s own Son,Hail! Hosanna!We enter allThe wedding hallTo eat the Supper at Thy call.Philipp Nicolai, ; tr. Catherine Winkworth, , alt.Catherine Winkworth’s translation of “Wake, Awake, For Night is Flying,” is generally a very fine translation. However, it was slightly changed by the Hymnody Committee at the end of the second stanza to better reflect the original German:Wir folgen all’Zum FreudenaalUnd halten mit das Abendmahl.This change restores the sacramental character of Nicolai’s original version, an emphasis not reflected by Winkworth’s translation into English.
43Christ Sits At God’s Right Hand stanzas 2 and 3 LSB 564 Christ was that priest God swore,Uniquely First and LastWho would in righteous and loveBe unsurpassed:“A priest forevermore,”An oath God would not break,“A priest within the order ofMelchizedek.”Christ’s altar was the treeWhere on the world’s behalfHe shed a blood unlike the bloodOf goat or calf,To seal God’s guaranteeOf grace that cannot fail;With blood He entered for our goodBehind the veil.Stephen P. Starke, b. 1955“Christ Sits At God’s Right Hand” is a new text in the Justification section of Lutheran Service Book that seeks to clearly articulate some of the truths found in the book of Hebrews with regards to Christ’s high priestly office.All three of the linguistic criteria can be illustrated here as:1. the hymn text speaks with doctrinal clarity and precision.2. poetical integrity is strictly held in its rhyme scheme of a, b, c, b, a, d, c, d3. the corporate nature of this text is seen in its use of third person pronouns.
44These Are the Holy Ten Commands stanzas 1 and 9 LSB 581 God gave to us through Moses’ handsWhen high on Sinai’s mount he stood,Receiving them for our good.Have mercy, Lord!“Bear no false witness nor defameYour neighbor, nor destroy his name,But view him in the kindest way;Speak truth in all that you say.”Martin Luther, , tr. Joseph Herl, b. 1959, st. 1tr. Christian Worship, 1993, st. 9Some linguistic changes that were made to texts for inclusion in Lutheran Service Book centered around words whose placement was awkward in previous hymnals, that is, the syllabic stresses of the words did not match the musical stresses of the notes in the tune. In Lutheran Worship, this hymn was known as “Here is the Tenfold Sure Command.” In LW 331, the fourth line of stanza one had the awkward placement of the word “Sinai” over three notes in the melody line: “On holy Mount Si-na-i.” Another weakness of the LW translation was its unnecessary use of the word “men” referring to people. Joseph Herl’s retranslation of this first stanza removes that awkward syllabic stress of “Sinai” by placing that word into the third line in a very natural place. He also removes the unnecessarily gender specific word “men” and adds instead the corporate thought that the Ten Commandments were given to us for our own good. In addition, Joseph Herl gives us a first line that very closely reflects Luther’s original German. The result is a vastly improved initial stanza of this hymn by Luther.Sometimes the Hymnody Committee sought to replace words that were difficult to understand or not commonly used. For example, the second line of the ninth stanza of this hymn in Lutheran Worship was “nor foul your tongue with calumny.” Lutheran Service Book replaces the word “calumny,” a word that is difficult both to pronounce and to understand, with words that are more easily understood, words directly taken from the WELS hymnal, Christian Worship with only a slight alteration.
45Joy to the World stanzas 1 and 2 LSB 387 Joy to the world, the Lord is come!Let earth receive her king;Let ev’ry heart prepare Him roomAnd heav’n and nature sing,And heav’n, and heav’n and nature sing.Joy to the earth, the Savior reigns!Let men their songs employ,While fields and floods, rocks, hills, and plainsRepeat the sounding joy,Repeat, repeat the sounding joy.Isaac Watts,In some instances, the Hymnody Committee chose to return to the author’s original without any alteration whatsoever. In “Joy to the Word,” earth is once again receiving her king and men are employing their songs of praise. Was the Hymnody Committee being inconsistent by choosing to stay with “men” in this instance? Yes…and no. Each and every hymn we examined as the Hymnody Committee was considered on its own merits and any changes or lack of changes were made accordingly. Since this classic hymn has been memorized by many people, the integrity of Isaac Watt’s original words is retained in Lutheran Service Book.
46See, the Lord Ascends in Triumph stanzas 1 and 4 LSB 494 Conquering King is royal state,Riding on the clouds, His chariot,To His heav’nly palace gate.Hark! The choirs of angel voicesJoyful alleluias sing,And the portals high are liftedTo receive their heav’nly King.Now our heav’nly Aaron entersWith His blood within the veil;Joshua now is come to Canaan,And the kings before Him quail.Now He plants the tribes of IsraelIn their promised resting place;Now our great Elijah offersDouble portion of His grace.Christopher Wordsworth,The Lutheran Hymnal contains this Ascension hymn under the title, “See, the Conqueror Mounts in Triumph,” the original author using the word “mounts” in the sense of “ascends.” For the sake of clarity, LSB changes line one of this hymn and uses “ascends” in place of “mounts” and then incorporates the word “conquering” in the second line. Lutheran Service Book also restores the fourth stanza of this hymn, which has many wonderful Old Testament types of Christ—Aaron, Joshua, and Elijah. The fourth stanza succinctly tells of how the ascended Christ has truly fulfilled all that which these Old Testament types prefigured.
47For All the Faithful Women stanza 13 LSB 855 Eunice and LoisFor Eunice and for LoisWe sing our thanks and praise.Young Timothy they nurturedAnd led him in Your ways.Raise up in ev’ry householdTrue teachers of Your WordWhose lives will bear clear witnessTo Christ, our risen Lord.Herman G. Stuempfle, Jr. b. 1923Some examples of stanzas that have been added in Lutheran Service Book could include this stanza on Eunice and Lois. This was written by Herman Stuempfle at the Hymnody Committee’s request to have a stanza on Timothy’s grandmother and mother. Such an addition to “For All The Faithful Women” gives this hymn, which first appeared in Hymnal Supplement 98, some additional lectionary usage or possible use in worship services that highlights the work of godly parents in the upbringing of their children.
48By All Your Saints in Warfare stanza 27 LSB 518 St. James of JerusalemWe sing of James, Christ’s brother,Who at JerusalemTold how God loved the GentilesAnd, in Christ, welcomed them.Rejoicing in salvationMay we too, by God’s grace,Extend Christ’s invitationTo all the human race.Gregory J. Wismar, b. 1946Similarly, Gregory Wismar’s text centers around St. James of Jerusalem and expands the usage of the hymn “By All Your Saints in Warfare” to include now also October 23, the feast of St. James of Jerusalem, Brother of our Lord and Martyr. A welcome addition.
49The Death of Jesus Christ, Our Lord stanzas 4 and 5 LSB 634 His Word proclaims and we believeThat is this Supper we receiveHis very body, as He said,His very blood for sinners shed.We dare not ask how this can be,But simply hold the mysteryAnd trust this word where life begins:“Given and shed for all your sins.”Haquin Spegel, , st. 4; tr. Olof Olsson,composite, st. 5The revisions to the text “The Death of Jesus Christ, Our Lord” were made for the sake of greater doctrinal clarity. Here the changes centered around the ordering of the eight stanzas in Lutheran Service Book as compared to the nine stanzas found in Lutheran Worship. The Hymnody Committee identified two of the weaker stanzas from LW and removed them and then added a new fifth stanza in LSB. This new stanza seeks to better reflect what it is that truly makes a person worthy and well-prepared to receive the Sacrament. Not our intent, as was mentioned in the LW, but rather our faith in these words of Christ’s promise, “Given and shed for you for the remission of your sins.” LSB also transferred this hymn from the Passion Week section, where it been in Lutheran Worship, to the Lord’s Supper section of Lutheran Service Book in order to increase its usage. This change makes good sense since this hymn is not specifically a Maundy Thursday hymn—the truth is that we celebrate the death of Jesus Christ our Lord each and every time we receive His body and blood in the Sacrament.
50Hail Thee, Festival Day stanzas 1 and 2 LSB 489 PentecostBright in the likeness of fire,On those who await His appearing,He whom the Lord had foretoldSuddenly, swiftly descends;Hark! For in myriad tonguesChrist’s own, His chosen apostles,Preached to the ends of the earthChrist and His wonderful works:RefrainVenantius Honorius Fortunatus, ctr. Lutheran Book of Worship, st. 1-Ptr. The English Hymnal, st. 2-PThe changes made to “Hail Thee, Festival Day” came as a result of seeking to improve the Pentecost stanzas. (As an aside, the layout of this hymn in LSB places the three seasonal versions of this hymn on facing pages in an easy-to-follow format) In Lutheran Worship, stanza 2 of the Pentecost version of this hymn merely repeated stanza 2 from the Ascension version of this hymn. Lutheran Service Book found a new stanza two in The English Hymnal a stanza that was actually part of Fortunatus’ original. This new version in LSB gives the worshiper a fuller picture of what transpired on that first Pentecost long ago.
51Lift High the Cross stanzas 4 and 5 LSB 837 O Lord, once lifted on the glorious tree,As Thou hast promised, draw us all to Thee.Let ev’ry race and ev’ry language tellOf Him who saves our lives from death and hell.George W. Kitchin,“Lift High the Cross” is an example of “downdating” in which the Hymnody Committee returned to a previous version of a particular hymn. Gone in LSB is LW’s “Raise us, and let your cross the magnet be,” which was probably written to merely to avoid the word “Thee” in the author’s original, a change which could also reflect LW’s general operating principle in 1982 of updating language. Since the Hymnody Committee of LSB did not view the word “Thee” as an obsolete word, but merely an archaic word, we chose to return to the author’s original, which also more closely reflects John 12:32: “when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to myself.” The Hymnody Committee also elected to add another stanza from the author’s original version of this hymn, making the LSB version of “Lift High the Cross” a hymn of six stanzas.
52O Darkest Woe stanzas 2, 4, and 6 LSB 448 O sorrow dread! Our God is dead,Upon the cross extended,There His love enlivened usAs His life was ended.Thy Bridegroom dead! God’s Lamb has bledUpon thy sin forever,Pouring out His sinless selfIn this vast endeavor.O Virgin’s Son, what Thou hast wonIs far beyond all telling:How our God, detested, died,Hell and devil felling.Johann Rist, ; tr. Joseph Herl, b. 1959A final example the linguistic criteria which guided the changes of the texts for LSB could be shown in the Good Friday hymn, “O Darkest Woe.” Joseph Herl’s masterful retranslation of this text is very faithful to the original German. For example, the second stanza in the original reads: O grosse Not, Gott selbst ist tot,” translated by Dr. Herl as, “O sorrow dread! Our God is dead,” Such accuracy of translation, such doctrinal precision, such poetical integrity and concern for language issues, such accuracy of translation, such a corporate focus within the hymn itself all underscore and reflect the linguistic criteria which guided the Hymnody Committee throughout its work.
53Musical Criteria Music as servant of the text Proper union of text and tuneMusical integrity of the tune and settingChurchly character of the tuneThe third sieve through which the hymns of LSB passed dealt with the important musical portion of a hymn: the tune and its setting. The four categories underneath musical criteria were:Viewing “music” as the servant of the textStriving for the proper and best union of text and tune(and the proper and best setting of that tune)Paying attention to the musical integrity of the tune and its settingIncluding tunes with a churchly character appropriate for worship.
54Music As Servant of the Text “Music is the handmaiden of theology.” Martin Luther“Theology is doxology. Theology must sing.” Martin FranzmannMusic in the Lutheran Church serves the text, which is supreme. Music is a vehicle to help proclaim the Word of God. Hymn texts need to be set to music that will not overwhelm the text but rather support and even help interpret the text while impressing it upon the hearts of the worshipers. Luther’s famous quote, “Music is the handmaiden of theology,” shows the high regard he had for music. Luther also writes, “We have put this music on the living and holy Word of God in order to sing, praise and honor it. We want the beautiful art of music to properly serve her dear Creator and His Christians. He is thereby praised and honored and we are made better and stronger in faith when His holy Word is impressed on our hearts by sweet music.”Martin Franzmann’s quote is also one well worth remembering, “Theology is doxology. Theology must sing.” Franzmann writes, “Hymns must be spiritual, they must be confessional and biblical. They must speak of the hope that is in us; they must tell of the mighty deeds of God in Christ on our behalf." (Martin Franzmann, Ha! Ha! Among the Trumpets, CPH, p. 92).Dogma becomes doxa—theology becomes praise—by means of music.
55Familiar Tunes With New Texts LSB O Christ, Who Called the TwelveTERRA BEATALSB Alleluia, Alleluia! Hearts to HeavenHYMN TO JOYLSB Christ, the Lord of Hosts, UnshakenFORTUNATUS NEWLSB 596 All Christians Who Have Been BaptizedNUN FREUT EUCHLSB Jesus Comes Today With HealingALLES IST AN GOTTES SEGENLSB We are Called to Stand TogetherASCENDED TRIUMPHMusic serves the hymn texts of Lutheran Service Book in a number of wonderful and godly ways. One way in which new hymn texts of LSB are served by music is by means of their union with familiar tune, tunes like TERRA BEATA, HYMN TO JOY, FORTUNATUS NEW, NUN FREUT EUCH, ALLES IST AN GOTTES SEGEN and ASCENDED TRIUMPH.
56New Tunes With Familiar Texts LSB Hark! A Thrilling Voice Is SoundingMERTONLSB O Savior of Our Fallen RacePUTNAMLSB I Heard the Voice of Jesus SaySARAH-ELIZABETHLSB May God Bestow on Us His GraceELVET BANKSLSB My Hope is Built on Nothing LessTHE SOLID ROCKLSB Entrust Your Days and BurdensSUFFICIENTIAMusic also serves the hymn texts of Lutheran Service Book when new unions of text and tune are made, unions which will hopefully over time become happy marriages of words and notes. Our Hymnody Committee hopes these unions will not end in a divorce of tune from text in the years to come. For example, MERTON was chosen for “Hark! A Thrilling Voice Is Sounding” because it is the ecumenical tune for this text in many other hymnals we examined. The classic chant tune, CHRISTE REDEMPTOR, to which “O Savior of Our Fallen Race” was wed in Lutheran Worship is joined to a new tune in LSB, the tune PUTNAM by Stephen Johnson, an LC-MS composer from New York. Similarly “I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say” has suffered a number of unsuccessful marriages to tunes like VOX DILECTI in The Lutheran Hymnal or the THIRD MODE MELODY in Lutheran Worship. The Hymnody Committee believes that the lovely tune SARAH-ELIZABETH by Amanda Husberg, another LC-MS composer from New York, is a winning combination. New tunes have the ability to breathe new life into familiar texts that have not been successfully partnered with the proper tune in the past.
57New Tunes With New Texts LSB O Christ, Who Shared Our Mortal LifeLORD OF LIFELSB Your Kingdom, O God, Is My Glorious TreasureGLORIOUS TREASURELSB Lift Up Your Heads,You Everlasting DoorsCONRADLSB If Christ Had Not Been Raised From DeathUNION CITYLSB Not For Tongues of Heaven’s AngelsBRIDEGROOMLSB The Gifts Christ Freely GivesDENBYMarriages of new tunes with new texts are exciting to behold! Some tunes are being premiered in Lutheran Service Book, as are some texts. Other new texts and tunes are new to us, but strictly, they are not new since they are familiar elsewhere in Christendom. In either way, these new tunes will be serving these hymn texts in Lutheran Service Book in a wonderful way.
58Familiar Tunes With Familiar Texts LSB The Day of ResurrectionLANCASHIRELSB Fight the Good FightMENDONLSB Forth in the Peace of Christ We GoANGELUSLSB 571 God Loved the World So That He GaveST. CRISPINLSB Ride On, Ride On in MajestyWINCHESTER NEWLSB Upon the Cross ExtendedO WELT, ICH MUSS DICH LASSENAnother way in which music serves the hymn text in Lutheran Service Book is in the restoration of familiar tunes to familiar texts. One thing that frustrated many people about Lutheran Worship centered around the unsuccessful marriages of different and unknown hymn tunes for beloved hymn texts. The LSB Hymnody Committee divorced these tunes from such beloved texts and these texts have been remarried to familiar tunes and returned to their former happy state. Some choices were difficult to make. For example, “Forth in the Peace of Christ We Go” in Lutheran Worship was happily sung by me and others who had learned it in LW to the Welsh tune LLEDROD. Yet, others did not sing this hymn because they felt the tune was a barrier to the text. As a result of such considerations, the Hymnody Committee joined this text to ANGELUS, a tune from TLH that had not been taken into LW but was revived in HS98 and is now used in four places in LSB.
59A word about hymn settings Return to four-part settings similar to those found in TLHChant tunes have settings which suit that style of a tuneCertain tunes have both piano and organ settingsSome more challenging tunes also have simplified settings20% of hymns in LSB have only melody line and text:1. hymn tunes that are meant to be sung in unison2. hymn tunes that are more difficult3. lengthy hymn tunes taking two or more pages4. space considerations during the layout of LSB enabled more hymns to be included (some shorter hymns were fit into the leftover space and were thus included with melody line only)The hymn settings of Lutheran Service Book have been carefully chosen by musicians on the Hymnody Committee and crafted by skilled musicians throughout our church body. They have all done a marvelous job! Personally, my keyboard skills are quite limited and yet I can play through the hymn accompaniments of LSB with little difficulty. That was one goal of the Hymnody Committee, with regards to the settings for the tunes in Lutheran Service Book, that they would be musician-friendly. The hymn settings of LSB return in large part to the familiar four-part settings of TLH. Some settings are written for piano; others for organ. Some of the most challenging settings have simplified versions.Music also better serves the text in Lutheran Service Book when more challenging tunes are printed with melody line only to prevent visual distraction by extra notes. The singer can focus on the melody and better take in the words being sung by being less concerned about everything related to the setting. Other reasons for melody line only in the hymns of LSB are these: some hymns are meant to be sung in unison and not in parts, some lengthy hymns fit on two pages with melody line only instead of three pages, and in some instances during the final layout of the hymnal, a shorter hymn could fit on the bottom of the second page with melody line only.
60Liturgical Criteria Lectionary/Church Year/liturgical usage Sacramental focusSupportive of daily devotional lifeAbility of text and tune to withstand repeated usageThe consideration in our hymn selection process as a committee also centered around four liturgical criteria. Hymns chosen under this consideration needed to have:lectionary, Church Year, and liturgical usage within the servicehave a sacrament focusbe supportive of a daily devotional life.4. the ability to withstand repeated use over a period of time.
61Lectionary, Church Year, and Liturgical Usage LSB O Christ,Who Shared Our Mortal LifeLSB As Rebels, Lord,Who Foolishly Have WanderedLSB 962/ Agnus Dei—I and IILSB Heavenly Hosts in Ceaseless WorshipLSB One Thing’s NeedfulLSB On Eagles’ WingsLSB Long Before the World Is Waking“O Christ, Who Shared Our Mortal Life” has lectionary usage as it focuses upon the three resurrection miracles of Christ: the raising of Jairus’ daughter, the raising the son of the widow from Nain, and the raising of Lazaurs.“As Rebels Lord, Who Foolishly Have Wandered,” a hymn of confession, can be used to support the “Parable of the Prodigal Son.”“On Eagles’ Wings” could be sung on those Sundays when Psalm 91 is the appointed psalm of the day.The Hymn Selection Guide, soon to be published by CPH, will offer a Hymn of the Day, a list of lectionary-related hymns, and other suggested hymns for each Sunday of the Church Year, Series A, B, and C as well as hymns for each Sunday of the historic, one-year lectionary readings.
62Sacramental Focus LSB 602 The Gifts Christ Freely Gives LSB All Christians Who Have Been BaptizedLSB Water, Blood, and Spirit CryingLSB Baptismal Waters Cover MeLSB Wide Open Stand the GatesLSB Built on the Rock, st. 4LSB Father WelcomesOne new section in Lutheran Service Book is Baptismal Life, which contains texts that speak of the Christian’s new life as a baptized child of God. In addition, the sacramental sections of LSB have been expanded to assist pastors and parishioners to grow in their appreciation of the means of grace and their powerful work in their lives as Christians.
63Supportive of Daily Devotional Life LSB I Lie, O Lord, Within Your CareLSB Precious Lord, Take My HandLSB Hear Us, Father, When We PrayLSB Grant Peace, We Pray, In Mercy, LordLSB Entrust Your Days and BurdensLSB Consider How the Birds AboveLSB We Walk by Faith and Not by SightThe daily devotional life of the Christian is supported in many ways by Lutheran Service Book. One goal of the Steering Committee was to point people to how their hymnal can be a resource for their devotional life. Many texts in this hymnal are prayers; others help us to meditate upon Scriptural truths as they relate to our day-to-day life.
64Ability to Withstand Repeated Usage LSB Christ, Mighty SaviorLSB Who Are You Who Walk in SorrowLSB In Christ There Is No East or WestLSB Now, My Tongue, the Mystery TellingLSB The LambLSB Not Unto UsLSB We Praise You and Acknowledge You, O GodTime alone will tell whether or not a hymn with its text and tune and setting will be able to stand up under repeated use. Hindsight is 20/20 and it was easy to see those hymns in The Lutheran Hymnal and in Lutheran Worship that have not blossomed in the past. The Hymnody Committee hopes that by following the many different criteria used to select hymn that the hymns of Lutheran Service Book will endure and be used more and more with each passing year.
65Pastoral Criteria Catechetical use Cultivating faith and piety Restoration of hymnsSensitivity to LC-MS “tradition”The fifth set of criteria used by the Hymnody Committee as it selected hymns for Lutheran Service Book were criteria which we labeled as “pastoral” criteria. Some of these criteria are a little more subjective in nature, criteria like “cultivating faith and piety” and “sensitivity to LC-MS tradition.” These two, along with the more objective “catechetical use” and the practical and obvious “restoration of hymns” all worked together as we sought to choose hymns that would be a blessing to all those who use this hymnal..
66Catechetical Use LSB 581 These are the Holy Ten Commands TEN COMMANDMENTSLSB 953/ We All Believe in One True GodAPOSTLES’ CREEDLSB Our Father, Who from Heaven AboveLORD’S PRAYERLSB All Christians Who Have Been BaptizedHOLY BAPTISMLSB Baptismal Waters Cover MeOFFICE OF THE KEYS AND CONFESSIONLSB Jesus Christ, Our Blessed SaviorSACRAMENT OF THE ALTARLSB Lord, Help Us Ever to RetainSIX CHIEF PARTS OF THE CATECHISMOf course, each of the Six Chief Parts of the catechism have either an historic or new hymn or hymns that directly relates that particular chief part of Christian doctrine. On this particular list, two new texts, “All Christians Who Have Been Baptized” and “Baptismal Waters Cover Me” will be of great benefit in helping people understand the great blessings that are theirs through Holy Baptism and Confession and Absolution.
67Cultivating Faith and Piety LSB Christ, the Word of God IncarnateREDEEMERLSB Salvation Unto Us Has ComeJUSTIFICATIONLSB The Gifts Christ Freely GivesBAPTISMAL LIFELSB Chief of Sinners Though I BeCONFESSION AND ABSOLUTIONLSB Soul, Adorn Yourself with GladnessTHE LORD’S SUPPERLSB Be Strong in the LordTHE CHURCH MILITANTLSB For All the SaintsTHE CHURCH TRIUMPHANTA good hymnal cultivates faith and piety in the lives of its users as they sing of Christ either corporately in the worship service or privately in the home when the hymnal is used devotionally. Each and every section of the hymnal, indeed, each and every hymn in its own way helps to cultivate the faith and piety of the believer as it sows the seeds of doctrine into the hearts of the faithful.
68Cultivating Faith and Piety LSB Jesus, Thy Boundless Love to MeSANCTIFICATIONLSB Lord, Thee I Love with All My HeartTRUSTLSB What God Ordains Is Always GoodHOPE AND COMFORTLSB Eternal Spirit of the Living ChristPRAYERLSB Take My Life and Let It BeSTEWARDSHIPLSB How Great Thou ArtPRAISE AND ADORATIONLSB 826/827 Hark the Voice of Jesus Crying/CallingMISSION AND WITNESSIt’s good think about Jesus’ boundless love and our response of whole-hearted love. In times of doubt, we are encouraged to remember that God’s ways are always best. We pray, we offer ourselves, we praise, we respond to Christ’s call for workers…hymns cultivating this and much more.
69Cultivating Faith and Piety LSB Forgive Our Sins as We ForgiveSOCIETYLSB For All the Faithful WomenVOCATIONLSB Gracious Savior, Grant Your BlessingMARRIAGELSB Christ Be My LeaderCHRISTIAN HOME AND EDUCATIONLSB 872 Come, Thou Bright and Morning StarMORNINGLSB Now Rest Beneath Night’s ShadowEVENINGLSB Song of Hannah BIBLICAL CANTICLESWe sing of forgiveness, we look to the lives of sainted women, we ask God’s blessing in marriage, we pray for Christ’s leadership in our lives, we entreat Christ at the beginning of the day and rest beneath His protective arms at night. We sing with all the saints in glory, who encourage us by their example of faith. Faith and piety are indeed cultivated by means of hymns.
70Restoration of Hymns LSB 347 (TLH 61) Comfort, Comfort Ye My People Restoration to a more familiar version of the hymnLSB 347 (TLH 61) Comfort, Comfort Ye My PeopleLSB 434 (TLH 146) Lamb of God, Pure and HolyRestoration of “lost” stanzasLSB stanzas 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 O Dearest JesusLSB stanza 3 The Church’s One FoundationRestoration of “lost” hymnsLSB Not What These Hands Have DoneLSB The Ancient Law DepartsThe work of restoration of hymns and stanzas in hymns was also a consideration of the Hymnody Committee. Sometimes that restorative work meant returning to a more familiar version of a hymn, sometimes it meant bring back into our hymn corpus stanzas that had been cut out of Lutheran Worship and at other times it meant bringing entire hymns back into our hymnal. We hope these restorations will be well-received by all who will use Lutheran Service Book now and in the years to come.
71Sensitivity to LC-MS “Tradition” LSB Lift Up Your Heads, Ye Mighty GatesMILWAUKEELSB Let Our Gladness Banish SadnessĈAS RADOSTILSB God Loves Me DearlyGOTT IST DIE LIEBELSB O Sons and Daughters of the KingGELOBT SEI GOTTLSB He’s Risen, He’s RisenWALTHERLSB Now the SilenceNOWLSB Lord, This Day We’ve Come to Worship GLORIOUS NAMEPastoral criteria can also be illustrated by the Hymnody Committee’s desire to be sensitive to our own synodical tradition that includes a hymn tune like MILWAUKEE in addition to MACHT HOCH DIE TÜR for the hymn “Lift Up Your Head, Ye Mighty Gates or a hymn tune like GELOBT SEI GOTT in addition to the ecumenical tune O FILII ET FILIAE for “O Sons and Daughters of the King.” We sing beloved German hymns of our forefathers as well as beloved hymns of the here and now. We recognize with thanksgiving our Slovakian brothers and sisters and the contributions of African American Lutherans to our synod. These criterion seeks to support the denominational family of our beloved Synod by means of the hymns selected for its official hymnal.
72Catholic Criteria Historic universality Ethnic catholicity The final criteria that guided the Hymnody Committee in its selection of hymns for Lutheran Service Book recognized the Church throughout time (historic universality) and the Church in every place (ethnic catholicity)..
73Historic Universality LSB Shepherd of Tender Youthtext: Clement of Alexandria, ctr. Henry M. Dexter,tune: ITALIAN HYMN, Felice de Giardini,setting: Lutheran Book of Worship: Select Hymns, 1985Historic universality, the Church throughout time, could be illustrated in the hymn “Shepherd of Tender Youth.” The text goes back to the 2nd century, translated in the 19th century, joined to a tune from the 18th century, and included in LSB with a setting from the late 20th century. What a span of time is contained in this one hymn as the gifts of poet, translator, and musician all work together for a hymn placed into a hymnal of the 21st century.
74Historic Universality LSB Savior of the Nations, ComeAmbrose of Milan,German version, Martin Luther,stanzas 1, 2 tr. William M. Reynolds,stanzas 4, 5, 8 tr. F. Samuel Janzow, stanza 7 tr. Gifford A. Grobien, b stanzas 3,6 tr. Lutheran Service Book, 2006tune: NUN KOMM DER HEIDEN HEILAND,Geystliche gesangk Buchleyn, Wittenberg, 1524,ed. Johann Waltersetting: Lutheran Service Book, 2006Look at the number of people whose gifts are combined in this hymn. The period of time spanned reaches back to the 4th century and forward to the present day.
75Historic Universality LSB Hail Thee, Festival Daytext: Venantius Honorius Fortunatus, ctr. The English Hymnal, 1906tr. Lutheran Book of Worship, 1978tune: SALVE FESTA DIES, Ralph Vaughan Williams,Time moves forward and hymns from every century are preserved for us to sing in our day.
76Historic Universality LSB O Savior of Our Fallen Racetext: Latin, c. 5th-10th centurytr. Gilbert E. Doan, b.1930tune: PUTNAM, Stephen R. Johnson, b. 1966We sing of the Savior of our fallen race with a familiar translation set to a brand new tune, thanking God for His gift of musicians in our day.
77Historic Universality LSB Wake, Awake, for Night Is Flying text: Philipp Nicolai,tr. Catherine Winkworth,tune: WACHET AUF, Philipp Nicolai,setting: Württembergishes Neues Choralbuch, 1956We sing familiar hymns that are like old friends.
78Historic Universality LSB All Christians Who Have Been Baptized text: Paul Gerhardt,tr. Jon D. Vieker, b. 1961tune: NUN FREUT EUCH,Etlich Cristlich lider, Wittenberg, 1524setting: The Lutheran Hymnal, 1941We learn new hymns from past poetical giants due to the gifts of modern translators.
79Historic Universality LSB God’s Own Child, I Gladly Say It text: Erdmann Neumeister,tr. Robert E. Voelker, b. 1957tune: BACHOFEN,Johann Caspar Bachofen,We recover tunes from the past and unearth texts from the past translated for us in our day, like an archeological treasure dug up for us to cherish.
80Historic Universality LSB Come, We That Love the Lord text, stanzas: Isaac Watts,text, refrain. Robert Lowry,tune: MARCHING TO ZION, Robert Lowry,New combinations of text and refrain and tune, beloved in other circles, are offered for our spiritual edification.
81Historic Universality LSB Silent Night text, Franz Joseph Mohr,tr. John F. Young,Spanish tr. Federico Fliedner,tune: STILLE NACHT, Franz Xaver Gruber,setting: TraditionalBeloved texts speak to people of every place and every culture…we just didn’t have room to include additional foreign language versions.
82Historic Universality LSB Thy Strong Word text: Martin Franzmann,tune: EBENZER, Thomas J. Williams,setting: Richard Hillert, b. 1923Gifted poets in our recent past are included with thanksgiving and the musical gifts to our synod gladly recalled.
83Historic Universality LSB Go, My Children, with My Blessing text: Jaroslav J. Vajda, b. 1919tune: AR HYD Y NOS, Welsh, 18th centurysetting: Ralph Vaughan Williams,Recent poetical gifts have already become classics in our own church body and throughout the Church at large.
84Historic Universality LSB O Christ, Who Shared Our Mortal Life text: Herman G. Stuempfle, b. 1923tune: LORD OF LIFE, Kevin J. Hildebrand, b. 1973New composers bring their musical gifts to the Church as well as the poetical gifts from other Lutherans, born fifty years apart but joined together in time.
85Historic Universality LSB Not Unto Us text: Kurt J. Eggert,tune: NOT UNTO US, Kurt J. Eggert,Gifts from sisters synods are gratefully accepted.
86Historic Universality LSB Thine the Amen, Thine the Praise text: Herbert F. Brokering, b. 1926tune: THINE, Carl F. Schalk, b. 1929We thank God for those born into our synod and their gifts that have enriched the Church.
87Historic Universality LSB Heavenly Hosts in Ceaseless Worship text: Timothy Dudley-Smith, b. 1926tune: LOVE’S LIGHT, Amanda Husberg, b. 1940Texts with new tune…
88Historic Universality LSB 486 If Christ Had Not Been Raised From Death text: Christopher M. Idle, b. 1938tune: UNION CITY, Phillip Magness, b. 1963Tunes written by our many gifted composers…
89Historic Universality LSB Splendor and Honor text: Carl P. Daw, b. 1944tune: SHADES MOUNTAIN, K. Lee Scott, b. 1950Texts from gifted hymn writers and tunes from gifted composers outside of our denomination…
90Historic Universality LSB Father Welcomes text: Robin Mann, b. 1949tune: FATHER WELCOMES, Robin Mann, b. 1949Hymns from “Down Under,” a half a world away…
91Historic Universality LSB On Eagles’ Wings text: Michael Joncas, b. 1951tune: ON EAGLES’ WINGS, Michael Joncas, b. 1951Songs of worth from the present time…
92Historic Universality LSB Water, Blood, and Spirit Crying text: Stephen P. Starke, b. 1955tune: FILTER, Jeffrey N. Blersch, b. 1967Texts and tunes that speak of what Christ has done in a fresh way…
93Historic Universality LSB 654Your Kingdom, O God, Is My Glorious Treasure text: David Rogner, b. 1960tune: GLORIOUS TREASURE, Joseph Herl, b. 1959New texts and tunes which open up pericopes in the lectionary that have previously had little or no hymnic support…
94Historic Universality LSB We Are Called to Stand Together text: Martin E. Leckebusch, b. 1962tune: ASCENDED TRIUMPH,Henry V. Gerike, b. 1948Hymn writers from abroad whose work is linked with our own tradition…
95Ethnic Catholicity POLISH DANISH SWEDISH SPANISH CHINESE GERMAN IRISHPOLISHDANISHSWEDISHSPANISHCHINESEGERMANETHIOPIANAMERICAN AFRICAN AMERICAN SPIRITUALSLOVAKIAN NORWEGIAN BOHEMIAN WELSHENGLISH JAMAICAN SILESIAN TANZANIANBRAZILIANHEBREWFINNISHFRENCHKENYANBASQUEGAELICLATINTexts and tunes from every time, reflecting the ethnic catholicity of Lutheran Service Book as people from every tribe and nation and people and language join together to sing of Christ and to recall what He has done on their behalf. Text and tune are united to praise the One who has called us out of darkness into His marvelous light. Music gives wings to the truths of God’s Word, dogma and doxa, doctrine and praise, as we speak to one another in psalms, hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making music in our hearts to the Lord of the Church, for we are members of His one Body. There is but one Lord, one faith, one baptism…
96The Church’s One Foundation stanza 1 LSB 644 Is Jesus Christ, her LordShe is His new creationBy water and the Word.From heav’n He came and sought herTo be His holy bride;With His own blood He bought her,And for her life He died.Un solo fundamento y sólo un fundadorla santa iglesia tiene en Cristo, su Señor,haciéndola su esposa, del cielo descendió,y por su propia sangre su libertad compró.Samuel J. Stone,Spanish tr. Lefferd M. A. Haughwout,.…one washing by Water and the Word through which Christ has cleansed His Church on earth and made her His beautiful Bride. Until that time that we see our Bridegroom face to face, we sing the songs of our heavenly homeland, saints on earth who sing with all the saints in glory.
97We Praise You and Acknowledge You, O God stanzas 3 and 4 LSB 941 You, Christ, are King of glory, the everlasting Son,Yet You, with boundless love, sought to rescue ev’ryone:You laid aside Your glory, were born of virgin’s womb,Were crucified for us and were placed into a tomb;Then by Your resurrection You won for us reprieveYou opened heaven’s kingdom to all who would believe.You sit in splendid glory, enthroned at God’s right hand,Upholding earth and heaven by forces You command.We know that You will come as our Judge that final day,So help Your servants You have redeemed by blood, we pray;May we with saints be numbered where praises never end,In glory everlasting. Amen, O Lord, amen!Stephen P. Starke, b. 1955We are joined as one Church, for the same blood has cleansed us both and we sing the same hymns of praise, our joyful te Deums to Christ, the King of glory, the everlasting Son, the Lamb that was slain but is alive forevermore, who has opened heaven’s kingdom to us and to all who would believe.To Him alone be all glory now and forever. Amen.