2 The aim of this presentation... Overview of the RegulationsThe cause of fireFire hazards and preventionActions to take on discovering a fireEvacuationFire Precautions
3 Overview of the Regulations Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.Management of Health & Safety at Work Regulations 1999.Since the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 came into force on 1st October 2006, it has made compliance easier by replacing the existing 188 pieces of Legislation with a single fire safety regime which applies to all workplaces and other non-domestic premises.
4 Who do the Regulations apply to? All workplaces in England and Wales are affected and must comply. Workplaces in Scotland fall under the Fire (Scotland) Act 2005.
5 The ‘responsible person’ The ‘responsible person’ of the workplace, (usually the employer) has a responsibility to safeguard their employees and other people entering their premises.Employees are responsible for adhering to their employer's policies and procedures in relation to fire safety precautions.The ‘responsible person’ must make a suitable and sufficient assessment. Any such assessments must be reviewed by the responsible person to keep it up to date.
6 The Fire Officer has the power to instigate a prosecution. PenaltiesThe Fire Officer has the power to instigate a prosecution.An offence carries substantial penalties of up to £20,000 and in some cases PRISON SENTENCES (or even both).
7 3 ingredients are required in for a fire to start, this is called What causes a fire to start?3 ingredients are required in for a fire to start, this is calledThe Triangle of FireHeat: A source of ignition such as a heating elementFuel: Items that will burn such as furniture, paper, oil etcOxygen: AirIf these 3 ingredients are controlled or eliminated, the risk of fire can be significantly minimised.You should always ensure combustible items are kept away from sources of ignition.
8 How can you help prevent fires? Eliminate HeatEliminating sources of heat can prevent fires from starting. Don’t leave sources of heat, such as cooking rings, unattended.Starve FuelFuel is what keeps the fire going, this includes paper and furniture. The key to preventing fires is to keep fuel sources away from heat.Smother OxygenRemoving the oxygen will extinguish the fire. By keepingdoors and windows closed, the supply of oxygen will berestricted and slow down the fire.
9 Good housekeeping can prevent most fires from occurring. Untidy workplaces make it easy for fires to start and spread.Switch off and unplug any unnecessary electrical appliances when not in use, especially at the end of the day or at the start of a weekend.
10 Electrical HazardsEnsure all electrical equipment is in a good state of repair…Don’t overload plug sockets and extension leads.Don’t use extension leads for a long period of time.Don’t run cables under carpets/mats.Don’t use appliances with damaged cables – they cause fires and electrocution.Do provide adequate ventilation to electrical appliances.Do turn off the supply if an electrical item becomes very hot.
11 If in doubt, REPORT IT! General Hazards Do keep all sources of fuel away from potential ignition sources.Do lock away cleaning fluids which may be flammable.If in doubt, REPORT IT!Highly flammable liquids should preferably be stored outside in a secure store.Cylinders if not in use should be stored in a protective secure store away from the building.
12 If you see a potential hazard… Discovering a HazardIf you see a potential hazard…1. Report the hazard to your line manager or responsible person.2. Make a record of the date, time and the person who you reported it to.Remember, the Fire Authority Officer has a legal right to inspect your workplace at any reasonable timeThe Fire Authority Officer can inspect your workplace at any reasonable time when you are open or when employees are working.
13 Evacuation In the event of a fire: Head to your fire exit route and follow the green running man signs.Encourage others to leave with you, do not waste any time arguing with others to leave.Go to the Fire Assembly Point and report to a fire warden.Report any person and their location if they did not leave.You should familiarise yourself with the fire exit routes in your building
14 EvacuationIn the event of a fire follow these simple guidelines to minimise risk:1. Raise the alarm by operating the break glass alarm and calling “Fire!”2. Encourage prompt evacuation using the nearest exit route.3. Lifts must NOT be used for evacuation under any circumstances.4. If someone refuses to leave the building report their position to the fire warden or the fire brigade.
15 Evacuation (continued) 5. Meet at the assembly point for roll call and inform the fire warden of any missing people and their possible location.6. Await the arrival of the Fire Brigade.7. The fire Marshall will liaise with the Fire Brigade.8. Do Not Re-Enter the building until told it is safeto do so by the Fire Brigade or your Manager.
16 Fires produce smoke which can KILL in seconds. Fire PrecautionsFires produce smoke which can KILL in seconds.Keep fire doors closed when not in use.Keep Fire Exits clear of any obstructions and unlocked at all times whenever the building is in use.Fire alarm call points, fire extinguishers, emergency lights and safety signs are there for your protection – Do not obstruct them.Locked and blocked fire exits are potential killers, unlock and KEEP CLEARKeep fire doors closed when not in use. Fire doors prevent the spread of smoke and fire.Fire Exits provide a safe passage out of the building/premises therefore it is extremely important that they are kept clear of obstructions and unlocked when the building is in use.
17 Fire ExtinguishersFire Extinguishers are for the use of trained personnel onlyNever obstruct a Fire Extinguisher.An extinguisher should only be removed from its stand/bracket for checking, testing or fire-fighting – it should ALWAYS bereplaced afterwards.If an extinguisher missing, defective ordamaged REPORT IT.
18 Under No Circumstances Should You Take Any Personal Risks In the event of fire…Do NOT take any personal risksRaise the AlarmGet out, get everyone else out, and STAY OUTUnder No Circumstances Should You Take Any Personal Risks
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