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Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types Chain Drive Safety Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance Please read Chapter 11 in the.

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Presentation on theme: "Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types Chain Drive Safety Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance Please read Chapter 11 in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types Chain Drive Safety Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance Please read Chapter 11 in the text. MECH1200

2 Introduction  Chains have been used for thousands of years.  Chains were used on bicycles in the 1800’s  Advantages of chain drives:  Resistant to shock loads  Can transmit high torques  economical  Drive Chain Function and Operation  Main functions:  Material handling  Power transmission Source: MECH1200

3 Chain Drive 3 Basic Parts: Chain Driver Sprocket Driven Sprocket The Relative number of teeth between the driven sprocket and the driver sprocket determines the speed and torque of the driven shaft Ratio of the teeth can be selected to increase or decrease speed or torque to the driven shaft MECH1200

4 Sprocket Ratio Formula MECH1200

5 Sprocket ratio is needed to calculate the speed and torque of chain drives MECH1200

6 Chordal Action The chain does not ride completely along the pitch line because each link is a rigid bar that cannot bend to follow the circular path The chain links remain straight lines as they move around the pitch circle in chordal action Chordal action is similar to the motion a train makes as its straight cars move through a turn in the tracks. MECH1200

7 The Chordal action of the chain links causes some frictional losses between sprocket and chain. Friction occurs as each link engages the sprocket. The roller helps reduce the frictional loss The rising and falling of the links cause a slight speed variation in the chain drive causing the driven sprockets speed to oscillate. The amount of oscillations depends on the number of teeth. If #teeth > 25, oscillation is less than 1% and is disregarded.

8 The speed of the driven sprocket is determined by the sprocket ration. This is because the rate at which the teeth of the driven sprocket engage the chain is the same as the rate at which the driver sprocket teeth disengage the chain. Different number of teeth constitutes different rotational speed as well as effecting the torque. More teeth, less speed More teeth, more torque MECH1200

9 Chain Drive Speed Formula Chain Drive Torque Formula MECH1200

10 Power is transmitted through a single strand roller chain when the driver sprocket rotates and its teeth engage the roller links, pulling the chain around it. This causes the chain to pull on the teeth of the driven sprocket, causing it to rotate. The chain drive uses the engagement (or interlocking) of the sprocket teeth and chain to drive it.

11 Four common types of chains MECH1200

12 Roller Chain MECH1200

13 Rollerless Chain MECH1200

14 Silent Chain MECH1200

15 Leaf Chain MECH1200

16 The roller chain is the most common type of chain used in industrial chain drive systems There are four basic types of roller chains MECH1200

17 Single-Strand Chain MECH1200

18 Multiple-Strand Chain MECH1200

19 Double-pitch Chain MECH1200

20 Offset Chain MECH1200

21 Components of a Roller Chain Roller chain is made up of pin links and roller links The links mesh with the sprockets so speed and torque can be transmitted Roller links are similar to pin links, but are made of two side plates that are separated by bushings. The bushings support the rollers that are mounted to them Roller links flex at the junction between links allowing rollers to freely roll reducing friction between the chain and sprocket MECH1200 The pin of the pin link passes through the bushing on the roller link to make an assembly

22 Roller Chain ComponentsPitch Roller Link Plates Roller Pin Link Plates Pins MECH1200

23 Drive Chain Types Roller Chain: most common type. ANSI numbers them such that first number is the pitch in eighths of an inch. Example: ANSI 50 indicates a chain of a pitch of 5/8’’ Types of roller chains:  Multiple Strand Roller Chain: used to increase chain power capacity without increasing the pitch of the chain.  Heavy Series Roller Chain: have thick side plates, to withstand high shock loads. Identified by the letter H in the ANSI code.  Double Pitch Roller Chain: the pitch is two times longer than in standard roller chains.  Self-Lubricating Roller Chain  O-ring Chain: O-rings seal the lubricant in the joints. Engineering Chains:  Offset Sidebar Chains  Pintle, Mill, and Drag Chains  Silent Chain: teeth are in continuous contact with sprocket, thus noise is reduced  Leaf Chain  Polymeric Chains  Tabletop Chain. MECH1200

24 Sprockets Bottom Diameter Pitch Diameter Outside Diameter Length Through Bore Face Width Bore Source: Drawing is in the public domain and was taken fromWikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation MECH1200

25 Sprocket Nomenclature Teeth (rim) Body (plate) Hub MECH1200

26 Standard Types of Sprockets A type: A plate sprocket with no hubs B type: One hub projection (most common) C type: The sprocket has hubs on both sides D type: A sprocket with detachable bolts on the hubs MECH1200

27 Sprocket Part Numbers American National Standards Institute (ANSI) maintains a standard for sprocket and chain design. Example 1: A sprocket has the number 25A36-3/8’’ Then it is for a roller chain of a ANSI standard size of 25 and a A-style hub with 36 teeth and a bore diameter of 3/8’’. Exercise 1: A sprocket has the number 50B21-7/8’’ What is its bore diameter? What type is it, and how many teeth does it have? MECH1200

28 Special Sprocket Types  Split Sprocket: to allow for installation of halves around the shaft.  Sectional Rim Sprockets: the rim is sectioned into three parts to allow for replacement without uninstalling the sprocket.  Double Pitch Sprocket  Shear Pin Sprockets: the hub is keyed to the shaft, the sprocket is free to rotate on the shaft when the shear pin that couples it to the hub is broken. MECH1200

29 Chain Drive Selection Drive Ratio: at most 7:1 Sprocket Size: As number of teeth increases, variation of chain speed resulting from chordal action decreases. Center Distance: a good design practice is to use a center distance of about pitches. It should not be long to avoid vibrations and pulsation. Idler Sprockets: a chain tightening device. Should have at least three teeth in engagement. MECH1200

30 Roller Chain Safety 1.Roller chain drives should be inspected after the first 100 hours of operation. 2.Regular inspections should be made once every three week intervals. 3.Chain safety guidelines: please read the guidelines on page 289 of the text. MECH1200

31 Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance 1.Chain installation and maintenance -Store in a dry location in lubricant -Drive interference: clean debris and built up material in between the sprocket and chain. -Chain Case: the case is needed to protect personnel, isolate chain from contaminant, and facilitate lubrication. -Chain and Sprocket Inspection: 1) Check for chain stretch (Chain elongation), Chain elongation should not exceed 3% (0.36’’ per foot). 2) Check side plates for misalignment, cracks, or wear. 3) Check for stiff and frozen chain joints 4) Check for corrosion in the chain drive parts. 5) Check for wobbly and loose sprockets. 6) Check for wear and scratches and changes on the teeth. MECH1200

32 10 Steps for Chain Installation, Alignment and Removal 1 – Mount and level the motor and driven component 2 – Inspect the Sprockets 3 – Mount the Sprockets on the shafts 4 – Mount the Chain 5 – Align the Sprockets 6 – Apply Tension to the Chain 7 – Apply lubrication to the Chain 8 – Run the Motor briefly to test the drive 9 – Recheck the chain sag 10 – Chain removal

33 Exercises 1.You will be handed a sprocket. Measure the following? -The bore diameter -The pitch -The number of teeth -What type is the sprocket? -Compare your measurements to the ANSI number shown on the sprocket. 2.Find the above specifications for the sprocket whose number is 60C80-5/8’’ 3.What is the pitch of the chain with the specification 60? 4.What is the pitch of the silent chain specified as SC-608? MECH1200

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