# Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types

## Presentation on theme: "Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types"— Presentation transcript:

Topics Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types
MECH1200 Introduction Drive Chain Types Sprockets Sprocket Types Chain Drive Safety Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance Please read Chapter 11 in the text.

Introduction Chains have been used for thousands of years.
MECH1200 Chains have been used for thousands of years. Chains were used on bicycles in the 1800’s Advantages of chain drives: Resistant to shock loads Can transmit high torques economical Drive Chain Function and Operation Main functions: Material handling Power transmission Source:

MECH1200 Chain Drive 3 Basic Parts: Chain Driver Sprocket Driven Sprocket The Relative number of teeth between the driven sprocket and the driver sprocket determines the speed and torque of the driven shaft Ratio of the teeth can be selected to increase or decrease speed or torque to the driven shaft

Sprocket Ratio Formula
MECH1200 Sprocket Ratio Formula 𝑅= 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 R= Sprocket Ratio 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = Number of teeth on driven sprocket 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = Number of teeth on the driver sprocket

MECH1200 Sprocket ratio is needed to calculate the speed and torque of chain drives 𝑅= 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 R= Sprocket Ratio 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = Number of teeth on driven sprocket 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = Number of teeth on the driver sprocket Example: Determine the sprocket ratio where 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 33 teeth and 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 20 teeth

MECH1200 Chordal Action The chain does not ride completely along the pitch line because each link is a rigid bar that cannot bend to follow the circular path The chain links remain straight lines as they move around the pitch circle in chordal action Chordal action is similar to the motion a train makes as its straight cars move through a turn in the tracks.

MECH1200 The Chordal action of the chain links causes some frictional losses between sprocket and chain. Friction occurs as each link engages the sprocket. The roller helps reduce the frictional loss The rising and falling of the links cause a slight speed variation in the chain drive causing the driven sprockets speed to oscillate. The amount of oscillations depends on the number of teeth. If #teeth > 25, oscillation is less than 1% and is disregarded.

MECH1200 The speed of the driven sprocket is determined by the sprocket ration. This is because the rate at which the teeth of the driven sprocket engage the chain is the same as the rate at which the driver sprocket teeth disengage the chain. Different number of teeth constitutes different rotational speed as well as effecting the torque. More teeth, less speed More teeth, more torque

Chain Drive Speed Formula
MECH1200 Chain Drive Speed Formula 𝑆 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑆 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑆 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 1280 RPM 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 41 Teeth 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 12 Teeth Chain Drive Torque Formula 𝑇 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑇 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑇 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 300 in-lbs 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑛 = 26 Teeth 𝑁 𝐷𝑟𝑖𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 14 Teeth

MECH1200 Power is transmitted through a single strand roller chain when the driver sprocket rotates and its teeth engage the roller links, pulling the chain around it. This causes the chain to pull on the teeth of the driven sprocket, causing it to rotate. The chain drive uses the engagement (or interlocking) of the sprocket teeth and chain to drive it.

Four common types of chains
MECH1200 Four common types of chains

MECH1200 Roller Chain

MECH1200 Rollerless Chain

MECH1200 Silent Chain

MECH1200 Leaf Chain

MECH1200 The roller chain is the most common type of chain used in industrial chain drive systems There are four basic types of roller chains

MECH1200 Single-Strand Chain

Multiple-Strand Chain
MECH1200 Multiple-Strand Chain

MECH1200 Double-pitch Chain

MECH1200 Offset Chain

Roller Chain Components

Drive Chain Types MECH1200 Roller Chain: most common type. ANSI numbers them such that first number is the pitch in eighths of an inch. Example: ANSI 50 indicates a chain of a pitch of 5/8’’ Types of roller chains: Multiple Strand Roller Chain: used to increase chain power capacity without increasing the pitch of the chain. Heavy Series Roller Chain: have thick side plates, to withstand high shock loads. Identified by the letter H in the ANSI code. Double Pitch Roller Chain: the pitch is two times longer than in standard roller chains. Self-Lubricating Roller Chain O-ring Chain: O-rings seal the lubricant in the joints. Engineering Chains: Offset Sidebar Chains Pintle, Mill, and Drag Chains Silent Chain: teeth are in continuous contact with sprocket, thus noise is reduced Leaf Chain Polymeric Chains Tabletop Chain.

Sprockets Face Width Length Through Bore Bottom Diameter
MECH1200 Face Width Length Through Bore Bottom Diameter Outside Diameter Bore Pitch Diameter Source: Drawing is in the public domain and was taken fromWikimedia Commons, Wikimedia Foundation

Sprocket Nomenclature
MECH1200 Body (plate) Hub Teeth (rim)

Standard Types of Sprockets
MECH1200 A type: A plate sprocket with no hubs B type: One hub projection (most common) C type: The sprocket has hubs on both sides D type: A sprocket with detachable bolts on the hubs

Sprocket Part Numbers MECH1200 American National Standards Institute (ANSI) maintains a standard for sprocket and chain design. Example 1: A sprocket has the number 25A36-3/8’’ Then it is for a roller chain of a ANSI standard size of 25 and a A-style hub with 36 teeth and a bore diameter of 3/8’’. Exercise 1: A sprocket has the number 50B21-7/8’’ What is its bore diameter? What type is it, and how many teeth does it have?

Special Sprocket Types
MECH1200 Split Sprocket: to allow for installation of halves around the shaft. Sectional Rim Sprockets: the rim is sectioned into three parts to allow for replacement without uninstalling the sprocket. Double Pitch Sprocket Shear Pin Sprockets: the hub is keyed to the shaft, the sprocket is free to rotate on the shaft when the shear pin that couples it to the hub is broken.

Chain Drive Selection Drive Ratio: at most 7:1
MECH1200 Drive Ratio: at most 7:1 Sprocket Size: As number of teeth increases, variation of chain speed resulting from chordal action decreases. Center Distance: a good design practice is to use a center distance of about pitches. It should not be long to avoid vibrations and pulsation. Idler Sprockets: a chain tightening device. Should have at least three teeth in engagement.

Roller Chain Safety MECH1200 Roller chain drives should be inspected after the first 100 hours of operation. Regular inspections should be made once every three week intervals. Chain safety guidelines: please read the guidelines on page 289 of the text.

Roller Chain Installation and Maintenance
MECH1200 Chain installation and maintenance Store in a dry location in lubricant Drive interference: clean debris and built up material in between the sprocket and chain. Chain Case: the case is needed to protect personnel, isolate chain from contaminant, and facilitate lubrication. Chain and Sprocket Inspection: Check for chain stretch (Chain elongation), Chain elongation should not exceed 3% (0.36’’ per foot). Check side plates for misalignment, cracks, or wear. Check for stiff and frozen chain joints Check for corrosion in the chain drive parts. Check for wobbly and loose sprockets. Check for wear and scratches and changes on the teeth.

10 Steps for Chain Installation, Alignment and Removal
MECH1200 10 Steps for Chain Installation, Alignment and Removal 1 – Mount and level the motor and driven component 2 – Inspect the Sprockets 3 – Mount the Sprockets on the shafts 4 – Mount the Chain 5 – Align the Sprockets 6 – Apply Tension to the Chain 7 – Apply lubrication to the Chain 8 – Run the Motor briefly to test the drive 9 – Recheck the chain sag 10 – Chain removal

Exercises You will be handed a sprocket. Measure the following?
MECH1200 You will be handed a sprocket. Measure the following? The bore diameter The pitch The number of teeth What type is the sprocket? Compare your measurements to the ANSI number shown on the sprocket. Find the above specifications for the sprocket whose number is 60C80-5/8’’ What is the pitch of the chain with the specification 60? What is the pitch of the silent chain specified as SC-608?