2Definition and Criteria It is hard to tell the difference…Ask how severe the problem is and how persistent.Emotional or Behavioral Disorder- behavior that falls outside the norm.
3CharacteristicsExternalizing Behavior – aggression, conduct disorders, acting out, tantrums, hitting, lack of attention, impulsivity , and bizarre behavior.Tend to bother children with internalizing behavior.Internalizing Behavior – shyness, immaturity, tenseness, worry, withdraw, depression, fears/phobias, or anxiety.Tend to be disturbing to themselves and their families, not to others.
4Conduct DisordersInclude:hittingfightingthrowingtemper tantrumsteasingacting defiant or disobedientdestroying propertybullyingbeing physically cruel to others or animalsstealing with a victim presentlyingconningdeceivingserious rule violationsTheir intelligence is within the normal range, howeverthe students will display low academic achievement.
5Other Characteristics (you may see alone) Hyperactivity – ADD & ADHDPervasive Development Disorder- far fetched ideasImmaturity – failure to finish tasks, short attention span, frequent daydreamingDepression – feelings of dejectionAnxiety – worry, fearfulness, concern
6CausesEmotional and Behavior Disorders do not reflect directly on parents…Dysfunctional parenting contributes to behavior disorders in children.These disorders are a direct result of environment and genetic factors, however one may play a greater role than the other.
7Treatments - Medications Stimulants – target central nervous systemMeds: Cylert, Ritalin, Dexatrin, Benzedrine.Side effects: loss of appetite, insomnia, growth retardation, depression.Antidepressants – treatment for depression, anxiety disorders, bedwetting, compulsive and obsessive behavior, stomach aches, anxiety attacks and muscle tics.Meds: Elavil, Tofranil, ProzacSide effects: nausea, dry mouth, seizuresAntipsychotics – severe behavioral disordersMeds: Haldol, Thorazine, Mellaril, Navane, and Stelazine.Side effects: listlessness, passiveness, impaired cognitive performance, increase in appetite, enuresis, and motor difficulties.Lithium may be used to treat severe mood disorders such as bi-polar.A child cannot be required to get a prescription for medications as a condition of school attendance or receiving services.
8Assessment of Students with Emotional and Behavior Disorders How do you decide whether a student is problematic enough to warrant referral to special education or other specialized services?Behavior-age discrepancyFrequency of occurrence of the behaviorNumber of SymptomsInner SufferingHarm to othersPersistence of the behaviorSelf-satisfactionSeverity and duration of the behavior
9Identifying by asking the following questions: How often? How long?Under what conditions? Where does this behavior occur?What happens before the disturbance, triggers? Consequences?Does the student maintain any positive relationships? Is the student ever happy?Deviance compared to other students?Is the problem related to the teacher or another student?What have the people around the student done to eliminate a certain behavior?
10Teaching Accommodations for Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders Maintaining an Organized Physical EnvironmentEstablishing Positive Relationships – make sure your students can trust you. Empathy requires genuine concern and understanding the student no matter what.Changing BehaviorResolving Conflicts and Promoting Self-ControlUsing Life-Space InterventionAdapting Instruction