Presentation on theme: "Emotional & Behavior Disorders Rebecca White. Definition and Criteria It is hard to tell the difference… Ask how severe the problem is and how persistent."— Presentation transcript:
Emotional & Behavior Disorders Rebecca White
Definition and Criteria It is hard to tell the difference… Ask how severe the problem is and how persistent. Emotional or Behavioral Disorder- behavior that falls outside the norm.
Characteristics Externalizing Behavior – aggression, conduct disorders, acting out, tantrums, hitting, lack of attention, impulsivity, and bizarre behavior. Tend to bother children with internalizing behavior. Internalizing Behavior – shyness, immaturity, tenseness, worry, withdraw, depression, fears/phobias, or anxiety. Tend to be disturbing to themselves and their families, not to others.
Conduct Disorders Include: hitting fighting throwing temper tantrums teasing acting defiant or disobedient destroying property bullying being physically cruel to others or animals stealing with a victim present lying conning deceiving serious rule violations Their intelligence is within the normal range, however the students will display low academic achievement.
Other Characteristics (you may see alone) Hyperactivity – ADD & ADHD Pervasive Development Disorder- far fetched ideas Immaturity – failure to finish tasks, short attention span, frequent daydreaming Depression – feelings of dejection Anxiety – worry, fearfulness, concern
Causes Emotional and Behavior Disorders do not reflect directly on parents… Dysfunctional parenting contributes to behavior disorders in children. These disorders are a direct result of environment and genetic factors, however one may play a greater role than the other.
Treatments - Medications Stimulants – target central nervous system Meds: Cylert, Ritalin, Dexatrin, Benzedrine. Side effects: loss of appetite, insomnia, growth retardation, depression. Antidepressants – treatment for depression, anxiety disorders, bedwetting, compulsive and obsessive behavior, stomach aches, anxiety attacks and muscle tics. Meds: Elavil, Tofranil, Prozac Side effects: nausea, dry mouth, seizures Antipsychotics – severe behavioral disorders Meds: Haldol, Thorazine, Mellaril, Navane, and Stelazine. Side effects: listlessness, passiveness, impaired cognitive performance, increase in appetite, enuresis, and motor difficulties. Lithium may be used to treat severe mood disorders such as bi- polar. A child cannot be required to get a prescription for medications as a condition of school attendance or receiving services.
Assessment of Students with Emotional and Behavior Disorders How do you decide whether a student is problematic enough to warrant referral to special education or other specialized services? 1.Behavior-age discrepancy 2.Frequency of occurrence of the behavior 3.Number of Symptoms 4.Inner Suffering 5.Harm to others 6.Persistence of the behavior 7.Self-satisfaction 8.Severity and duration of the behavior
Identifying by asking the following questions: How often? How long? Under what conditions? Where does this behavior occur? What happens before the disturbance, triggers? Consequences? Does the student maintain any positive relationships? Is the student ever happy? Deviance compared to other students? Is the problem related to the teacher or another student? What have the people around the student done to eliminate a certain behavior?
Teaching Accommodations for Students with Emotional or Behavioral Disorders Maintaining an Organized Physical Environment Establishing Positive Relationships – make sure your students can trust you. Empathy requires genuine concern and understanding the student no matter what. Changing Behavior Resolving Conflicts and Promoting Self-Control Using Life-Space Intervention Adapting Instruction
Resources – Useful Websites m m isabledchildren/facts/ isabledchildren/facts/ sr.org/BehaviorManagementIndex.htm sr.org/BehaviorManagementIndex.htm