Presentation on theme: "HAIKU HUMP DAY! Write a haiku about how geography affected Ancient Greece. 5 syllables 7 syllables 5 syllables DO NOW – THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24 TH."— Presentation transcript:
HAIKU HUMP DAY! Write a haiku about how geography affected Ancient Greece. 5 syllables 7 syllables 5 syllables DO NOW – THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24 TH
INSPIRATIONAL HISTORY October 24, 1945 – The United Nations is born
GREEK POLITICAL STRUCTURE Monarchy – rule by a single person, or king Aristocracy – government ruled by small group of nobles Oligarchy – government ruled by few powerful people Tyrants – powerful individuals who seized control of the government by appealing to the common people for support. Unlike today, tyrants were not considered cruel or harsh
MONARCHY State ruled by a king Rule is hereditary Some claim divine right Mycenae by 2000 BC
ARISTOCRACY State ruled by nobility Rule is hereditary – based on family ties, social rank, and wealth Social status & wealth support rulers’ authority Athens by 594 BC
OLIGARCHY State ruled by small group of citizens Ruled based on wealth or ability Ruling group controls military Sparta by 500 BC
TYRANNY Powerful individuals who seized control of government with the support of the people Usually nobles or wealthy class Back then not considered harsh or cruel
What is a tyrant? What advantages/disadvantages do you think a tyrant has in ruling his government?
DIRECT DEMOCRACY State ruled by its citizens Rule based on citizenship Majority rule decides vote Athens by 500 BC
DIRECT DEMOCRACY CONT…
ANSWER THE QUESTIONS BASED OFF THE FORMS OF GOVERNMENT JUST DISCUSSED. Which forms of government feature rule based on wealth or property ownership? In which form of government do citizens have the most power? How does an aristocracy differ from an oligarchy?
JUDGING A DISPUTE Work together in your assigned groups to judge a dispute. Read the scenario in your packet and together complete the assignment and come up with your decision!
Greeks focused on the importance of education Mostly wealthy families received education Debate and public speaking very important Boys sent to military school ATHENIAN EDUCATION
Led Athens during its Golden Age Skilled politician, speaker and general Had three goals for Athens: 1. strengthen Athenian democracy 2. Strengthen the empire 3. Glorify Athens PERICLES
Paid politicians so now NOT just the wealthy could hold positions Direct democracy – citizens rule directly and not through representatives ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY
Track Page 3 of your handout Read the quotes from Pericles about democracy and answer the questions PERICLES
Turn to page 4 of your handout With a partner do the best you can to answer to fill in the US democracy column ATHENIAN VS. US DEMOCRACY
Turn to page 133 in your textbook Answer questions #3, 4, 7 and 9 If you do not have the time, write down the questions and answer for HW! CLASSWORK/HW