Presentation on theme: "John Watson’s Theory of Behaviorism"— Presentation transcript:
1 John Watson’s Theory of Behaviorism Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson
2 Watson’s Early Days Born in South Carolina; grew up on a farm Was a rebel when younger but had an ambition that made him want to go to collegeWent to Furman University at age 16 and then went on the the University of ChicagoLater became a professor of experimental and comparative psychology at Johns Hopkins University
3 His Early Work1913- published an article about his new ideas that animals responded to events according to their "wiring," or nerve pathways that were conditioned by experienceThis was very different and newWatson disagreed with FreudDidn’t think that the heredity of a person shaped their behavior
4 His FindingsWatson’s experiments were interrupted by WWI where he served as a psychologistRealized that he hated the militaryWent back to Johns Hopkins where he continued his academic career until some unfortunate events happened and he was asked to leave the universityAnd now onto the experiment!
5 Watson’s Inspirations Russian physiologist Ivan PavlovStudied animal learningNoticed dogs salivate before being presented with foodTaught the dogs to salivate when he rang a bell by presenting foodHad discovered classical conditioning
6 Watson’s IdeasWatson wanted to apply classical conditioning to children behaviorExperiment:Taught 11 month old Albert to fear a rat by making loud noises whenever he touched the ratAlbert developed a fear of the white rat
7 John Watson/watson-behaviorism-rayner- baby-albert-david-peterzell-classes
8 ResponsesAlbert developed a fear of white fur and even Watson’s white hair.Because Albert’s fear was so apparent, people thought it was morally corrupt and considered cruel and changed the ethics of studies such as Watson’s.Albert developed a fear of the animals used in the experiment such as rats and avoided them all his life.
9 Watson’s Beliefs Watson defined behaviorism as what people do. “Life’s most complicated acts are but combinations of these simple stimulus-response patterns of behavior” ~John Watson
11 Origin of the Theory Happened after World War I During the roaring 20’sFlapper eraLarge social hierarchyDuring the time where children should be seen but not heard
12 Continuing Development Albert’s responses to the experiment/rat gradually increased with his age placing the experiment as a continuous experiment
13 Contributions to Society Found a new way for parents to raise their childrenBy Molding their behavior using Watson’s theoryAlso gave moral boundaries to experimentsTesting on children, cruelty, ethics, etc.Example: children do something bad, they get spankedTaught the children to not do anything bad or they would be punished
14 Conclusions“Watson concluded that environment is the supreme force in development and that adults can mold children’s behavior by carefully controlling stimulus- response associations” (Burke,17).
15 BibliographyBerk, Laura E. Infants, Children, and Adolescents. 6th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Print."John B. Watson." Psychology History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept"John Watson." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 15 Sept <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhwats.html>.Simpson, Joanne C. "Johns Hopkins Magazine -- April 2000." Johns Hopkins Magazine. N.p., Apr Web. 15 Sept"Watson and Little Albert." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept"Watson Behaviorism Rayner Baby Albert." Beta Noodle. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept