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JOHN WATSON’S THEORY OF BEHAVIORISM Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson.

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Presentation on theme: "JOHN WATSON’S THEORY OF BEHAVIORISM Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson."— Presentation transcript:

1 JOHN WATSON’S THEORY OF BEHAVIORISM Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson

2 Watson’s Early Days  Born in South Carolina; grew up on a farm  Was a rebel when younger but had an ambition that made him want to go to college  Went to Furman University at age 16 and then went on the the University of Chicago  Later became a professor of experimental and comparative psychology at Johns Hopkins University

3 His Early Work  1913- published an article about his new ideas that animals responded to events according to their "wiring," or nerve pathways that were conditioned by experience  This was very different and new  Watson disagreed with Freud  Didn’t think that the heredity of a person shaped their behavior

4 His Findings  Watson’s experiments were interrupted by WWI where he served as a psychologist  Realized that he hated the military  Went back to Johns Hopkins where he continued his academic career until some unfortunate events happened and he was asked to leave the university  And now onto the experiment!

5 Watson’s Inspirations  Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov  Studied animal learning Noticed dogs salivate before being presented with food Taught the dogs to salivate when he rang a bell by presenting food Had discovered classical conditioning

6 Watson’s Ideas  Watson wanted to apply classical conditioning to children behavior  Experiment:  Taught 11 month old Albert to fear a rat by making loud noises whenever he touched the rat  Albert developed a fear of the white rat

7 John Watson  http://www.noodle.org/learn/details/1 50653/watson-behaviorism-rayner- baby-albert-david-peterzell-classes http://www.noodle.org/learn/details/1 50653/watson-behaviorism-rayner- baby-albert-david-peterzell-classes

8 Responses  Albert developed a fear of white fur and even Watson’s white hair.  Because Albert’s fear was so apparent, people thought it was morally corrupt and considered cruel and changed the ethics of studies such as Watson’s. Albert developed a fear of the animals used in the experiment such as rats and avoided them all his life.

9 Watson’s Beliefs  Watson defined behaviorism as what people do.  “Life’s most complicated acts are but combinations of these simple stimulus-response patterns of behavior” ~John Watson

10 Experiment  http://education- portal.com/academy/lesson/watson-and- little-albert.html http://education- portal.com/academy/lesson/watson-and- little-albert.html

11 Origin of the Theory  Happened after World War I  During the roaring 20’s  Flapper era  Large social hierarchy  During the time where children should be seen but not heard

12 Continuing Development  Albert’s responses to the experiment/rat gradually increased with his age placing the experiment as a continuous experiment

13 Contributions to Society  Found a new way for parents to raise their children  By Molding their behavior using Watson’s theory  Also gave moral boundaries to experiments  Testing on children, cruelty, ethics, etc.  Example: children do something bad, they get spanked  Taught the children to not do anything bad or they would be punished

14 Conclusions  “Watson concluded that environment is the supreme force in development and that adults can mold children’s behavior by carefully controlling stimulus- response associations” (Burke,17).

15 Bibliography  Berk, Laura E. Infants, Children, and Adolescents. 6 th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1996. Print.  "John B. Watson." Psychology History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.  "John Watson." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013..  Simpson, Joanne C. "Johns Hopkins Magazine -- April 2000." Johns Hopkins Magazine. N.p., Apr. 2000. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.  "Watson and Little Albert." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.  "Watson Behaviorism Rayner Baby Albert." Beta Noodle. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.

16 Bibliography cont.  Images  http://chronicle.com/blogs/percolator/files/2012/01/albert1-11.jpeg  http://mybrainnotes.com/john-watson-hospitalism.jpg  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7d/Ivan_Pavlov_N LM3.jpg  http://education- portal.com/cimages/multimages/16/Little_Albert_John_Watson.jpg  http://farm1.static.flickr.com/105/4559862181_1e2b8aa7ec.jpg  http://listverse.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/albert.jpg  http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/ba/John_Broadus _Watson.JPG  http://pavlov.psicol.unam.mx:8080/Cim2000/Imagenes/littlealbert.jpg  http://eweb.furman.edu/~einstein/watson/jbwover.jpg


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