Presentation on theme: "JOHN WATSON’S THEORY OF BEHAVIORISM Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson."— Presentation transcript:
JOHN WATSON’S THEORY OF BEHAVIORISM Toria Baker, Sabrina Fischer, and Emily Jackson
Watson’s Early Days Born in South Carolina; grew up on a farm Was a rebel when younger but had an ambition that made him want to go to college Went to Furman University at age 16 and then went on the the University of Chicago Later became a professor of experimental and comparative psychology at Johns Hopkins University
His Early Work 1913- published an article about his new ideas that animals responded to events according to their "wiring," or nerve pathways that were conditioned by experience This was very different and new Watson disagreed with Freud Didn’t think that the heredity of a person shaped their behavior
His Findings Watson’s experiments were interrupted by WWI where he served as a psychologist Realized that he hated the military Went back to Johns Hopkins where he continued his academic career until some unfortunate events happened and he was asked to leave the university And now onto the experiment!
Watson’s Inspirations Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov Studied animal learning Noticed dogs salivate before being presented with food Taught the dogs to salivate when he rang a bell by presenting food Had discovered classical conditioning
Watson’s Ideas Watson wanted to apply classical conditioning to children behavior Experiment: Taught 11 month old Albert to fear a rat by making loud noises whenever he touched the rat Albert developed a fear of the white rat
John Watson http://www.noodle.org/learn/details/1 50653/watson-behaviorism-rayner- baby-albert-david-peterzell-classes http://www.noodle.org/learn/details/1 50653/watson-behaviorism-rayner- baby-albert-david-peterzell-classes
Responses Albert developed a fear of white fur and even Watson’s white hair. Because Albert’s fear was so apparent, people thought it was morally corrupt and considered cruel and changed the ethics of studies such as Watson’s. Albert developed a fear of the animals used in the experiment such as rats and avoided them all his life.
Watson’s Beliefs Watson defined behaviorism as what people do. “Life’s most complicated acts are but combinations of these simple stimulus-response patterns of behavior” ~John Watson
Origin of the Theory Happened after World War I During the roaring 20’s Flapper era Large social hierarchy During the time where children should be seen but not heard
Continuing Development Albert’s responses to the experiment/rat gradually increased with his age placing the experiment as a continuous experiment
Contributions to Society Found a new way for parents to raise their children By Molding their behavior using Watson’s theory Also gave moral boundaries to experiments Testing on children, cruelty, ethics, etc. Example: children do something bad, they get spanked Taught the children to not do anything bad or they would be punished
Conclusions “Watson concluded that environment is the supreme force in development and that adults can mold children’s behavior by carefully controlling stimulus- response associations” (Burke,17).
Bibliography Berk, Laura E. Infants, Children, and Adolescents. 6 th ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1996. Print. "John B. Watson." Psychology History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. "John Watson." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.. Simpson, Joanne C. "Johns Hopkins Magazine -- April 2000." Johns Hopkins Magazine. N.p., Apr. 2000. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. "Watson and Little Albert." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. "Watson Behaviorism Rayner Baby Albert." Beta Noodle. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.