Presentation on theme: "Enlightenment Philosopher:. Lived during a time of upheaval in England: Born on the day the English defeated the Spanish Armada. Fled England after the."— Presentation transcript:
Voltaire (1694-1778) ► French Playwright & Humorist ► Candide, 1759 ► Marriage of Figaro ► Erasez L’infame! (Crush injustice!) ► Used satire, wit, & wisdom
Viewpoints Pessimistic view of mankind “Barbarism has lasted for centuries.” Against Absolutism and aristocracy All people are equal “Every man is guilty of all the good he did not do.” “God gave us the gift of life, it is up to us to give ourselves the gift of living well.” “I may disagree with what you say, but I shall defend to the death your right to say it.” “The ear is the avenue to the heart.”
Rousseau French Wrote Social Contract Wollstonecraft English Wrote Vindication of the Rights of Women
Nature of Man Rousseau Noble Savage “All men are born free but everywhere they are in shackles.” Civilization had corrupted man Evils of contemporary politics and Society Wollstonecraft Men and women are equal “Let women share the rights and she will emulate the virtues of man; for she must grow more perfect when emancipated.
On Government Rousseau Government should be based on the general will of the people. Laws made from the general will should be obeyed Individuals should be loyal to the community Wollstonecraft Men and women should have a voice in government. Women will protect the common good.
Opposing Views on Women Rousseau Women are inferior to men They live in separate spheres All women should breast feed their infants The only education women need is how to please men. Wollstonecraft Education strengthens the mind, body, and soul. To deny women an equal education is to keep them enslaved. Society will never achieve perfection, until women are educated.