Presentation on theme: "Sonnets: Sonnetto meaning little song"— Presentation transcript:
1Sonnets: Sonnetto meaning little song Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Modern
2Petrarch (1304-1374) background Italian scholar and poet“Father of the Sonnet”Gave up his vocation as a priest after sighting LauraHe had very little contact with Laura as she was already married.He channeled his feelings into love poems since he couldn’t express them to her.
3Themes expressed in Petrarchan Sonnets The beloved is ideally beautiful, unattainable, and cruel in rejecting the poet’s loveLove is a tormentThe Lover suffers from extremes of feelingThe God of Love is harshLove is a religionThe eyes are the window to the soulThe poem will immortalize the beloved
4Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet Structure Octave: 8 rhyming lines following the iambic pentameter structure of :a b b a a b b a or a b a b a b a bSestet: 6 lines that can have either two or three rhyming sound structures of:c d c d c d c d d c d c c d e c d e c d e c e d c d c e d cA Petrarchan sestet will never end in a couplet
5A change in rhyming groups (octave and sestet) indicates a change in subject matter A “Volta” or turn indicates this shift in tone/attitude at the end of the octaveThe octave introduces the situation/poses a question or presents a problemThe sestet comments on the situation or answers the problem
6Sonnet CIV by PetrarchEach group must present a dramatic reading of their lines. You can choral read or act out. You have 10 minutes to prepare.Each group must interpret the meaning of their specific section.Each group will present their section and then explain the meaning of it.The class as a whole will discuss the Volta or shift in tone
7Shakespearean Sonnets Background Collection of 154 Sonnets first published in 1609The first 17 sonnets called the “procreation sonnets” are addressed to a young manThey urge him to marry and have children because he is a beautiful being who should pass on his qualities to a future generationThe subsequent sonnets discuss the SPEAKER’s love for the young man and ambiguous feelings for the speaker’s mistressMain characters are The Fair Youth, The Rival Poet, and The Dark Lady
8Sonnet SequencesDefinition: SONNET SEQUENCE: Also called a sonnet cycle, this term refers to a gathering or arrangement of sonnets by a single author so that the sonnets in that group or arrangement deal with a single theme, situation, a particular lady, or alternatively deal with what appears to be a sequential story. Petrarch, Sidney, Spenser, and Shakespeare all engaged in this practice, or at least the early editors of their works did. Shakespeare's 154 sonnets are best known of any sonnet sequences today. (http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/lit_terms_S.html)
9Shakespearean Sonnet Sequence Sonnets 1-126: The Fair Youth126 of the sonnets are dedicated to the mysterious Mr. W.H. and address The Fair YouthThese poems express the benefits of marriage and procreation and deal with the ups and downs of the relationship.Sonnets : The Dark LadyThese poems express the difference between spiritual love and sexual desire.These poems put an end to the Fair Youth sequence because the speaker succumbs to the dark haired lady.Sonnets 78-86: The Rival PoetThese sonnets express the rivalry for fame and moneySonnets 153 and 154 are Allegories for Cupid
10Themes expressed in Shakespearean Sonnets Parody of the Petrarchan LOVE sonnetToys with gender rolesPortrays human evils that do not have to do with loveComments on political eventsRidicules LOVEOpen dialogue about sexual desires and situationsParodies beauty
11Shakespearean Sonnet Structure Almost always follows the 14 line structure of:Three 4 line quatrainsIambic pentameter rhyming coupletFollows the rhyme scheme of:abab cdcd efef ggThe 3rd quatrain marks the “Volta” or shift in tone of the poem and where the poet expresses a revelation or epiphanyThe couplet usually provides the theme of the sonnet
12Sonnet 18: Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day? Read the sonnet in your group.Label the three quatrains and the rhyme scheme of eachLabel the rhyming coupletLabel the VoltaLocate and explain as many literary terms as possibleSummarize what each quatrain is expressingSummarize what the couplet is expressingWrite a paraphrased, modern version of this sonnetShare with classDiscuss what the theme of this poem is.
13Sonnet 29: When in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes Read the sonnet in your group.Label the three quatrains and the rhyme scheme of eachLabel the rhyming coupletLabel the VoltaLocate and explain as many literary terms as possibleSummarize what each quatrain is expressingSummarize what the couplet is expressingWrite a paraphrased, modern version of this sonnetShare with classDiscuss what the theme of this poem is.Write a thesis statement for the poem.
14Elizabeth Barrett Browning Wrote a series of 48 sonnets called Sonnets From the Portuguese in secret about her love for her intended Robert BrowningModeled her sonnets after the Petrarchan form (with some variation of course!)She hid her relationship from her disapproving father.Elizabeth married Robert Browning and left Italy. She was disowned by the Barrett family.Sonnet 28 represents the midpoint of their relationship where she doubts his true intentions.Sonnet 43 expresses her love in countless comparisons