Presentation on theme: "Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Modern. Italian scholar and poet “Father of the Sonnet” Gave up his vocation as a priest after sighting Laura He had very little."— Presentation transcript:
Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Modern
Italian scholar and poet “Father of the Sonnet” Gave up his vocation as a priest after sighting Laura He had very little contact with Laura as she was already married. He channeled his feelings into love poems since he couldn’t express them to her.
The beloved is ideally beautiful, unattainable, and cruel in rejecting the poet’s love Love is a torment The Lover suffers from extremes of feeling The God of Love is harsh Love is a religion The eyes are the window to the soul The poem will immortalize the beloved
Octave: 8 rhyming lines following the iambic pentameter structure of : a b b a a b b a or a b a b a b a b Sestet: 6 lines that can have either two or three rhyming sound structures of: c d c d c d c d d c d c c d e c d e c d e c e d c d c e d c A Petrarchan sestet will never end in a couplet
A change in rhyming groups (octave and sestet) indicates a change in subject matter A “Volta” or turn indicates this shift in tone/attitude at the end of the octave The octave introduces the situation/poses a question or presents a problem The sestet comments on the situation or answers the problem
Each group must present a dramatic reading of their lines. You can choral read or act out. You have 10 minutes to prepare. Each group must interpret the meaning of their specific section. Each group will present their section and then explain the meaning of it. The class as a whole will discuss the Volta or shift in tone
Collection of 154 Sonnets first published in 1609 The first 17 sonnets called the “procreation sonnets” are addressed to a young man They urge him to marry and have children because he is a beautiful being who should pass on his qualities to a future generation The subsequent sonnets discuss the SPEAKER’s love for the young man and ambiguous feelings for the speaker’s mistress Main characters are The Fair Youth, The Rival Poet, and The Dark Lady
Definition: SONNET SEQUENCE: Also called a sonnet cycle, this term refers to a gathering or arrangement of sonnets by a single author so that the sonnets in that group or arrangement deal with a single theme, situation, a particular lady, or alternatively deal with what appears to be a sequential story. Petrarch, Sidney, Spenser, and Shakespeare all engaged in this practice, or at least the early editors of their works did. Shakespeare's 154 sonnets are best known of any sonnet sequences today. (http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/lit_terms_S.html)
Sonnets 1-126: The Fair Youth 126 of the sonnets are dedicated to the mysterious Mr. W.H. and address The Fair Youth These poems express the benefits of marriage and procreation and deal with the ups and downs of the relationship. Sonnets : The Dark Lady These poems express the difference between spiritual love and sexual desire. These poems put an end to the Fair Youth sequence because the speaker succumbs to the dark haired lady. Sonnets 78-86: The Rival Poet These sonnets express the rivalry for fame and money Sonnets 153 and 154 are Allegories for Cupid
Parody of the Petrarchan LOVE sonnet Toys with gender roles Portrays human evils that do not have to do with love Comments on political events Ridicules LOVE Open dialogue about sexual desires and situations Parodies beauty
Almost always follows the 14 line structure of: Three 4 line quatrains Iambic pentameter rhyming couplet Follows the rhyme scheme of: abab cdcd efef gg The 3 rd quatrain marks the “Volta” or shift in tone of the poem and where the poet expresses a revelation or epiphany The couplet usually provides the theme of the sonnet
Read the sonnet in your group. Label the three quatrains and the rhyme scheme of each Label the rhyming couplet Label the Volta Locate and explain as many literary terms as possible Summarize what each quatrain is expressing Summarize what the couplet is expressing Write a paraphrased, modern version of this sonnet Share with class Discuss what the theme of this poem is.
Read the sonnet in your group. Label the three quatrains and the rhyme scheme of each Label the rhyming couplet Label the Volta Locate and explain as many literary terms as possible Summarize what each quatrain is expressing Summarize what the couplet is expressing Write a paraphrased, modern version of this sonnet Share with class Discuss what the theme of this poem is. Write a thesis statement for the poem.
Wrote a series of 48 sonnets called Sonnets From the Portuguese in secret about her love for her intended Robert Browning Modeled her sonnets after the Petrarchan form (with some variation of course!) She hid her relationship from her disapproving father. Elizabeth married Robert Browning and left Italy. She was disowned by the Barrett family. Sonnet 28 represents the midpoint of their relationship where she doubts his true intentions. Sonnet 43 expresses her love in countless comparisons