Presentation on theme: "TWELVE TABLES ESSENTIAL SKILL: 1) ASSESS INFORMATION ABOUT ANCIENT ROMAN LAW AND U.S. LAW TODAY, AND DRAW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT COMPARISONS AND CONTRASTS."— Presentation transcript:
TWELVE TABLES ESSENTIAL SKILL: 1) ASSESS INFORMATION ABOUT ANCIENT ROMAN LAW AND U.S. LAW TODAY, AND DRAW CONCLUSIONS ABOUT COMPARISONS AND CONTRASTS. 2) DEMONSTRATE AN UNDERSTANDING OF HOW TO PROPERLY CONTRAST.
Comparisons between 12 Tables and U.S. Bill of Rights Twelve Tables Innocent until proven guilty Right to face accusers & defend self Judges must make fair decisions People have rights no government can take away U.S. Bill of Rights 5 th Amt: Rights of the Accused 6 th Amt: Right to face witnesses against you 5 th & 6 th Amts: procedures for fair trial 9 th Amt: People have other protected rights
How to WRITE about Contrasts (You must mention both places. Use a transition.) Americans have freedom of speech and religion, but Romans do not have those rights. Americans cannot be forced to house soldiers. By contrast, Romans had to allow soldiers in their homes if ordered to do so. Americans are protected from unreasonable searches and seizures, whereas Romans could have their land taken away if the emperor wanted to build a temple in his honor.
More Contrasts: Ancient Rome & U.S. (Practice: Explain it as you would write it.) Ancient Rome 2 Chief Executives (consuls) Chief Exec. chosen by Legislature Senators have life terms 8 Judges – 1 year term Full citizens must be male landowners United States Today 1 Chief Executive (President) Chief Exec. chosen by citizens (via EC) Senators have 6 year terms 9 Justices – life term Women are citizens & don’t need to own land
Venn Diagram - Comparisons & Contrasts Directions: Use a pencil to place all terms in the Venn diagram. Be ready to explain your answers as if practicing for a short answer question. 17 Items: Freedom of Speech / Freedom of Religion / Republic Women vote & hold office / Jury Duty / Banned Slavery / Democracy Freedom from Cruel & Unusual Punishment / Direct Democracy Right to a fair trial / Citizens can serve in Govt. / Legislators serve life terms Legislators serve limited terms / 3 Branches of Government Legislature has 2 Houses / Women can’t vote / Military leaders ruled Govt.