Presentation on theme: "Animal Farm Chapters 1–4: Characterization by George Orwell"— Presentation transcript:
1Animal Farm Chapters 1–4: Characterization by George Orwell Characterization is the means by which an author reveals a character’s personality. An author can develop a character in several ways: indirect characterization—showing the character acting and speaking; giving a physical description of the character; revealing the character’s thoughts and feelings or what others think about the character—and direct characterization—commenting directly on the character.Orwell characterizes Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer as three different types of leaders, each with positive and negative traits. Provide two outstanding positive traits and two negative ones that characterize each pig. Then, next to the traits, cite an incident, action, or speech that illustrates each characteristic.
3Vocabulary Development Review the vocabulary words for this section: benevolent, cynical, laborious, tyranny, vivacious, cryptic, and propulsion.benevolent – well meaning and kindlycynical – distrustful of human sincerity or integritylaborious – requiring considerable effort and timetyranny – cruel and oppressive government or rulevivacious – attractively lively and animatedcryptic – having a meaning that is mysterious or obscurepropulsion – the action of driving or pushing forward
4benevolent Meaning: well meaning and kindly Synonym: Example: charity; volunteering for a good causegenerousSentence:My Purdie’s English class received a class set of books from a benevolent donor.
8Thinking Critically Chapter I 1. In your opinion, which of the three pigs does Orwell characterize as the strongest leader?2. What is significant about how the animals arrange themselves as they gather to hear Major? What might this arrangement say about future meetings or events?3. According to Major, what is the cause of all the animals’ problems?Orwell characterize Napoleon as the strongest leader. Although Snowball appears to be the most liked.The pigs and dogs sit in the front row. The other animals arrange themselves behindthe pigs and dogs. In the future the pigs will be in charge, and the dogs will guard the pigs.Man is the only real enemy. Man is the only animal who produces nothing but consumes what animals produce. Get rid of man and all of the animals’ problems will be solved.
9Thinking Critically Chapter II 4. How does the behavior of the pigs foreshadow their eventual leadership positions?5. What causes the animals to finally rebel against Mr. Jones and his four farmhands?6. When the humans have been chased from the farm, what do the animals do?The pigs have secretly taught themselves to read and write during the past three months. Napoleon will soon begin to emerge as the leader.The animals have been underfed for some time due to Mr. Jones’s drinking problem. When Mr. Jones gets drunk and neither he nor his men feed the animals, the animals breakinto the feed storage shed. They attack the men when they come with whips to drive the animals away from the food.The bits, nose rings, dog chains, knives, etc. are thrown down the well; the harness, whips and ribbons are thrown on the rubbish fire; and the animals eat double rations
10Thinking Critically Chapter III and IV 7. What further examples of the difference between the pigs and the other animals occur in the Chapter III and Chapter IV?8. What are Napoleon’s ideas about education?9. How is Squealer able to convince the other animals to accept whatever Napoleon decides?The pigs only direct and supervise; they do no actual work. No one but the pigs puts forth any resolutions at the meetings. Napoleon and Snowball disagree over everything.He thinks education is more important for the young than for those already grown up. He takes away Jessie and Bluebell’s puppies to educate themSquealer uses outright lies, “Scientific proof ” (false, of course), and appeals to the animals’ sympathy. He always ends with the threat that Jones will return if the pigs are not obeyed.
11Predicting What Comes Next Thinking CriticallyChapter III and IV10. What was Snowball’s part in this battle?11. Where is Napoleon during the battle?Do you think that Animal Farm will be a better place than Manor Farm was? Why or why not?Because Snowball has studied Julius Caesar’s military strategies, he is able to plana successful defense of the farm. He leads the animals in the attack and is wounded slightlyNo mention is made of him or his activities, which leads one to believe he played a very minor role in the battle.Predicting What Comes Next