Presentation on theme: "Animal Farm in Comparison to the Russian Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Animal Farm in Comparison to the Russian Revolution Study Guide
2 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionMr. Jonesirresponsible to his animals (lets them starve)sometimes cruel - beats them with whipsometimes kind - mixes milk in animal mashCzar Nicholas IIa poor leader at best, compared to western kingscruel - sometimes brutal with opponentsSometimes kind - hired students as spies to make $
3 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionOld Majortaught Animalism; egalitarian idealsworkers do the work, rich keep the $, animals revoltdies before revolutionspeech similar to Marx’s Communist Manifesto and Lenin’s later writingsKarl Marx and Vladimir Lenininvented Communism"workers of the world unite", take over governmentdies before Russian Revolutionembraces egalitarian ideals
4 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionAnimalismno owners, no rich, but no poorworkers get a better life, all animals equaleveryone owns the farmCommunismsameall people equalgovernment owns everything, people own government
5 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionSnowballyoung, smart, good speaker, idealisticreally wants to make life better for allone of leaders of revolutionchased away into exile by Napoleon's dogsLeon Trotskyother leader of "October Revolution"pure communist, followed Marxwanted to improve life for all in Russiachased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin's secret police)
6 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionNapoleonnot a good speaker, not as clever like Snowballcruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupthis ambition is for power, killed opponentsused dogs, Moses, and Squealer to control animalsJoseph Stalinnot a good speaker, not educated like Trotskysame as Napoleon, didn't follow Marx's ideascared for power, killed all that opposed himused KGB, allowed church, and propagandized
7 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionSquealerbig mouth, talks a lotconvinces animals to believe and follow NapoleonChanges and manipulates the commandmentsPropaganda department of Lenin's governmentworked for Stalin to support his imageused any lie to convince the people to follow Stalinbenefited from the fact that education was controlled
8 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionThe Dogsa private army that used fear to force animals to workkilled or intimidated any opponent of Napoleonanother part of Napoleon's strategy to control animalsKGB - Secret Policenot really police, but forced support for Stalinused force, often killed entire families for disobediencetotally loyal, part of Lenin's power, even over army
9 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionMoses the Raventells animals about Sugarcandy mountain - Heavenanimals can go there if they work hardSnowball and Major were against himthey though Heaven was a lie to make animals workNapoleon let him stay because he taught animals towork and not complainReligionMarx said "Opiate of the people" a lieused to make people not complain and do their workReligion was tolerated because people would workStalin knew religion would stop violent revolutions
10 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionMolliewas vain - loved her beauty and selfdidn't think about the animal farmwent with anyone who gave her what she wantedVain, selfish people in Russia and worldsome people didn't care about revolutiononly though about themselveswent to other countries that offered more for them
11 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionBoxerstrong, hard working horse, believes in Animal Farm"Napoleon is always right", "I must work harder"gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon, who sells himDedicated, but tricked communist supporterspeople believed Stalin because he was "Communist"many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrantbetrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them
12 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionBenjaminold, wise donkey who is suspicious of revolutionthinks "nothing ever changes", is righthis suspicions are true, about Boxer and sign changesSkeptical people in Russia and outside Russiaweren't sure revolution would change anythingrealized that a crazy leader can call himself communistknew that communism wouldn't work with powerhungry leaders
13 Animal FarmRussian RevolutionOverall details about revolutionit was supposed to make life better for alllife was worse at the endThe leaders became the same as, or worse than,the other farmers (humans) they rebelled againstOverall details of Russian Revolutionsupposed to fix problems from Czarlife was even worse long after revolutionStalin made Czar look like a nice guy
14 Important Terminology Animal Farm = History of RussiaOld Major's philosophy = The philosophies of Marx and LeninAnimalism = CommunismOther Animals = Bolsheviks (common people )Mr. Jones = Czar of RussiaSeven Commandments = Communist ManifestoSkull of Old Major = Lenin's bodyOld Major's death = Lenin's death followed by struggle for powerWindmill Construction = Russian construction of steel mills and electric plantsNapoleon's sale of timber to Frederick = Stalin entered into a non-aggression pact with Hitler's GermanyFrederick's declaration of war on = Hitler's declaration of war on Russia Animal FarmWindmill destroyed, animals died = Stalingrad destroyedSugarcandy = In 1944, Stalin wrote letters to Pope to conduct servicesNapoleon's entertaining of humans in the farmhouse = Different meetings between Stalin and Churchill in Russia
15 Choose Your Leader Napoleon, Snowball, Boxer: Strengths/Weaknesses Who would you want to lead you and why?
16 Chapter 7(A) Give examples of how the animals are suffering at the hands of those in power.(B) How is this suffering and oppression hidden from Whymper on his weekly visits? Why is it hidden?(C) What is the true reason for the killings in this chapter? How does this affect the animals?(D) Why is Beasts of England replaced with a new song?
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