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Author: Lisa HalvorsenGenre: Narrative Nonfiction Big Question: How does Yosemite reflect the unique qualities of the West?

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Presentation on theme: "Author: Lisa HalvorsenGenre: Narrative Nonfiction Big Question: How does Yosemite reflect the unique qualities of the West?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Author: Lisa HalvorsenGenre: Narrative Nonfiction Big Question: How does Yosemite reflect the unique qualities of the West?

2 Small Group Timer

3 Story Sort Vocabulary Words:  Arcade Games Arcade Games  Study Stack Study Stack  Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary  Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

4 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

5  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

6  Monday Monday  Tuesday Tuesday  Wednesday Wednesday  Thursday Thursday  Friday Friday

7 VOCABULARY WORDS MORE WORDS TO KNOW  glacier  impressive  naturalist  preserve  slopes  species  wilderness  altitudes  formations  reservoir  earthquake  eruptions  volcano 

8 Question of the Day How does Yosemite reflect the unique qualities of the West?

9 TODAY WE WILL LEARN ABOUT:  Build Concepts  Main Idea  Graphic Organizers  Build Background  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Clauses and Complex Sentences  Spelling: Long u  The West

10 FLUENCY MODEL PHRASING

11 FLUENCY: MODEL PHRASING  Listen as I read “The Volcano Wakes.”  As I read, notice how I group words in a meaningful way. I will use phrasing to keep related words grouped together. Phrasing makes sentences easier to understand.  Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 FLUENCY: MODEL PHRASING  What is the main idea of the selection?  How was Mount St. Helens formed?

13 CONCEPT VOCABULARY  earthquake – a shaking of Earth’s surface caused by the sudden breaking of masses of rock along a fault earthquake  eruptions – processes of throwing fortheruptions  volcano – opening in earth’s crust through which steam, ashes, and lava are forced out in periods of activityvolcano  Next Slide Next Slide

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17 CONCEPT VOCABULARY (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

18 How the land was formed Plants and animals The West

19 MAIN IDEA & DETAILS, GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS TURN TO PAGE

20 PRIOR KNOWLEDGE WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT INTERESTING NATURAL SIGHTS IN THE WEST? K (What do you know?) W (What would you like to learn?) L (What did you learn?)

21 VOCABULARY WORDS

22  glacier – great mass of ice that moves very slowly down a mountain or along a valley or a land areaglacier  impressive – able to impress the mind, feelings, conscience  naturalist – person who studies living things

23 VOCABULARY WORDS  preserve – to keep from harm or change; protect  slopes – land that goes up or down at an angleslopes  species – related living things that share certain characteristics  wilderness – wild region with few or no people living in itwilderness

24 MORE WORDS TO KNOW  altitudes – heights above Earth’s surface  formations – things that are formedformations  reservoir – a place where water is collected and stored for usereservoir  (Next Slide) (Next Slide)

25 GLACIER

26 SLOPES

27 WILDERNESS

28 FORMATIONS

29 RESERVOIR

30 Grammar Clauses & Complex Sentences

31  as we approached the water fall. We slipped on the smoothe rocks  As we approached the waterfall, we slipped on the smooth rocks.  what a amazing waterfall this is  What an amazing waterfall that is!

32  As our plane touched down, I grew very excited.  This is a complex sentence. It is made up of two clauses, an independent clause (underlined twice) and a dependent clause (underlined once.)

33  The independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; the dependent clause cannot; it is a sentence fragment.

34  A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb.  A dependent clause begins with a word such as because or when. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.  An independent clause can stand alone.

35  Dependent Clause: when we first saw Yosemite.  Independent Clause: It was a beautiful fall day.  A sentence made up of a dependent clause and an independent clause is a complex sentence.

36  Complex Sentences: When we first saw Yosemite, it was a beautiful fall day. It was a beautiful day when we first saw Yosemite.

37  Other words that often introduce a dependent clause are since, although, if, until, unless, as, after, and before.  When a dependent clause comes first in a complex sentence, it is followed by a comma.

38  When we arrived at the campground, the rain had stopped.  dependent clause  After we ate our supper, we went for a hike.  independent clause

39  We hiked until the sun set.  dependent clause  I would run if I saw a bear.  independent clause  Before we went to bed, we lit a campfire.  dependent clause

40  Although we started late, we hiked fifteen miles. (dependent)  Although we started late  We were pitching our tent when we saw the bear. (dependent)  when we saw the bear

41  As we slowly moved away, the bear looked up. (independent)  the bear looked up

42 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

43  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

44 Question of the Day Why did Congress establish Yosemite as a national park?

45 TODAY WE WILL LEARN ABOUT:  Word Structure  Main Idea  Graphic Organizers  Vocabulary  Fluency: Echo Reading  Grammar: Clauses and Complex Sentences  Spelling: Long u  Science: Sierra Nevada  Science: Types of Rocks  The West

46 VOCABULARY STRATEGY: SUFFIXES Turn to pages

47 LETTERS HOME FROM YOSEMITE Turn to pages

48 FLUENCY ECHO READING

49 FLUENCY: ECHO READING  Turn to page 120, the last paragraph.  As I read, notice how I group words in phrases and pause briefly after clauses and punctuation marks.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings of this paragraph.

50 Grammar Clauses & Complex Sentences

51  winter’s in the park can be crool  Winters in the park can be cruel.  i want to go winter camping but dad says its too cold  I want to go winter camping, but Dad says it’s too cold.

52  A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb.  An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause cannot.

53  A dependent clause begins with a word such as when, if, or as.  A complex sentence consists of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

54 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

55  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

56 Question of the Day How does the author support her opinion that Yosemite is “one of the most awesome places on earth?”

57 TODAY WE WILL LEARN ABOUT :  Graphic Organizers  Fact and Opinion  Vocabulary  Fluency: Model Phrasing  Grammar: Clauses & Complex Sentences  Spelling: Long u  Science: Glaciers  The West

58 LETTERS HOME FROM YOSEMITE Turn to pages

59 FLUENCY MODEL PHRASING

60 FLUENCY: PHRASING  Turn to page 127.  As I read, notice how I use commas that set off clauses as clues to grouping related words within sentences.  Now we will practice together as a class by doing three echo readings of “Lyell.”

61 Grammar Clauses & Complex Sentences

62  you will see lots of wildlife. If your patient  You will see lots of wildlife if you’re patient.  its unusual to see a Bobcat, but you might be lucky  It’s unusual to see a bobcat, but you might be lucky.

63  A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb.  An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause cannot.

64  A dependent clause begins with a word such as when, if, or as.  A complex sentence consists of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

65  Using only simple or compound sentences can make your narrative dull.  Complex sentences add variety and interest to writing.

66 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

67  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

68 Question of the Day What natural features of Yosemite are common in the western United States but not in other parts of the country?

69 TODAY WE WILL LEARN ABOUT:  Song  Reading Across Texts  Content-Area Vocabulary  Fluency: Partner Reading  Grammar: Clauses & Complex Sentences  Spelling: Long u  Science: Redwood Forest

70 THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND Turn to pages

71 FLUENCY MODEL PHRASING

72 FLUENCY: PARTNER READING  Turn to page 127.  Read “Lyell” with a partner three times using appropriate phrasing. Offer one another feedback.

73 Grammar Clauses & Complex Sentences

74  if the weathers nice we’ll spent the afternoon hiking  If the weather’s nice, we’ll spend the afternoon hiking.  some of the thunder storms here is very severe  Some of the thunderstorms here are very severe.

75  A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb.  An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause cannot.

76  A dependent clause begins with a word such as when, if, or as.  A complex sentence consists of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

77  Test Tip:  When a dependent clause comes first in a complex sentence, put a comma after it.  There is no comma when it comes last.

78  First: When you get there, you’ll be amazed.  Last: You’ll be amazed when you get there.

79 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

80  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

81 Question of the Day How does Yosemite reflect the unique qualities of the West?

82 TODAY WE WILL LEARN ABOUT:  Build Concept Vocabulary  Main Idea  Point of View  Word Structure  Vocabulary  Grammar: Clauses & Complex Sentences  Spelling: Long u  Print Sources  The West

83 MAIN IDEA  The topic is what a paragraph, part of an article, or a whole article is about.  The most important thing the author has to say about the topic is the main idea.  The little pieces of information telling more about the main idea are the supporting details.

84 MAIN IDEA Main Idea Supporting Details Supporting Detail Main Idea

85 POINT OF VIEW  The point of view of a story is the perspective from which readers see the action.  In first-person point of view, words such as I and me show that the narrator is a character in the story.

86 POINT OF VIEW  In third-person point of view, the narrator is not a character in the story. The writer uses words such as he, she, it, and they to tell about characters.

87 SUFFIXES  The suffixes –ist, -er, and –or mean “one who is an expert in” or “one who does.”  For example, naturalist means “a nature expert.”  Look through the selection for more words that end with suffixes –ist, -er, or –or. List the words and their meanings.

88 SUFFIXES Words Ending in –ist, -er, -orMeanings

89  Where might you find information on another national park?  Print resources include textbooks, trade books, encyclopedias, dictionaries, almanacs, atlases, magazines, newspaper, government and community pamphlets, and other printed reference materials.

90  When selecting print sources for research, think about the purpose of each type of source. For example, history textbooks or trade books are good sources for information about people and events from the past; newspapers and magazines are good sources for information about people living today and current events.

91  To find information in a print source, think about its organization. The table of contents, index, or headings show what information the source includes and how it is organized.

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93 Grammar Clauses & Complex Sentences

94  did you took any good photographs  Did you take any good photographs?  take a picture of jim and i  Take a picture of Jim and me.

95  A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb.  An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence; a dependent clause cannot.

96  A dependent clause begins with a word such as when, if, or as.  A complex sentence consists of a dependent clause and an independent clause.

97 SPELLING WORDS LONG U

98  usual  huge  flute  mood  smooth  threw  afternoon  scooter  juice  cruise  truth  bruise  cruel  excuse  pupil  groove  confuse  humor  duty  curfew  influence  aluminum  nutrition  accumulate  igloo

99  Story test  Classroom webpage,  Reading Test  AR  Other Reading Quizzes  Quiz #


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