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 Chapter 1, Lesson 2  Workbook pages 6-12 Sargon conquers all of Mesopotamia and sets up the world’s first empire.  Conflict weakens Sumer’s city-

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Presentation on theme: " Chapter 1, Lesson 2  Workbook pages 6-12 Sargon conquers all of Mesopotamia and sets up the world’s first empire.  Conflict weakens Sumer’s city-"— Presentation transcript:

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2  Chapter 1, Lesson 2  Workbook pages 6-12

3 Sargon conquers all of Mesopotamia and sets up the world’s first empire.  Conflict weakens Sumer’s city- states and they are attacked.

4  I. Why Were River Valleys Important?  A. Good farming made it easy to feed large  numbers of people.  B. Rivers made it easier to develop trade.  II. The Rise of Sumer  A. The earliest known civilization located on  a flat plain between the Tigris River and  Euphrates River.  B. Flooding left rich soil for farming and led to  development of irrigation.

5  III. What Were City-States?  A. Isolation of cities led to the develop-  ment of separate city-states that had  their own independent government.  B. Sumerian city-states often went to war  against each other.  IV. Gods and Rulers  A. Sumerians believed in many gods.  B. The priests and priestesses of the  grand temple, or ziggurat, were very  powerful.

6  V. What Was Life Like in Sumer?  A. Most people lived in small mud-brick  houses and farmed. Some were  artisans and traders.  B. People were divided into three social  classes.

7  How did Mesopotamian control of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers benefit their society?  They built irrigation systems to control floods and to provide water to raise crops to feed a growing population.

8  Archaeologists learn about a society from its artifacts, man- made items.  Technology is improvements and inventions to better life, and make tasks in life easier and possible.

9  How did the use of mathematics benefit the Sumerians?  Sumerians used geometry to measure fields and put up buildings; they developed a number system based on 60, which led to the 60- minute hour and the 360-degree circle.

10  1. Sumeria was conquered by the ____. Their  king, ____, set up the world’s first ____.  Akkadians Sargon empire  2. The Babylonian king ____ is best known for  his collection of ____. While some of his  laws seem cruel, they were an important  step toward a fair system of ____.  Hammurabi laws justice

11  Why was Sargon’s empire important?  It was the first empire conquering all of Mesopotamia and lasting more than 200 years.

12  Why did civilization in Mesopotamia begin in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers? *Good farming feed many people *Traveling along the waterways was easier and increased trading of goods *Exchange of ideas *Cities developed and became centers of civilizations

13  How did the Sumerians contribute to later peoples? *invented writing *produced works of literature *developed irrigation systems, wagon wheels, the plow, sailboats, mathematical ideas, calendar *studied the planet and stars

14  Why did the Sumerian city-states lose power?  Conflicts between city-states weakened Sumeria, making it vulnerable to invaders. Sargon eventually conquered Mesopotamia for this reason.


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