2 SOCIAL STUDIESChapter 1, Lesson 2Workbook pages 6-12
3 CITYCPAGE 6Conflict weakens Sumer’s city- states and they are attacked.Sargon conquers all of Mesopotamia and sets up the world’s first empire.
4 PG. 7 OUTLINING I. Why Were River Valleys Important? A. Good farming made it easy to feed largenumbers of people.B. Rivers made it easier to develop trade.II. The Rise of SumerA. The earliest known civilization located ona flat plain between the Tigris River andEuphrates River.B. Flooding left rich soil for farming and led todevelopment of irrigation.
5 III. What Were City-States? A. Isolation of cities led to the develop-ment of separate city-states that hadtheir own independent government.B. Sumerian city-states often went to waragainst each other.IV. Gods and RulersA. Sumerians believed in many gods.B. The priests and priestesses of thegrand temple, or ziggurat, were verypowerful.
6 V. What Was Life Like in Sumer? A. Most people lived in small mud-brickhouses and farmed. Some wereartisans and traders.B. People were divided into three socialclasses.
7 Pg. 9 Sum It UpHow did Mesopotamian control of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers benefit their society?They built irrigation systems to control floods and to provide water to raise crops to feed a growing population.
8 Pg. 10 Terms to ReviewArchaeologists learn about a society from its artifacts, man- made items.Technology is improvements and inventions to better life, and make tasks in life easier and possible.
9 Pg. 11 Sum It Up How did the use of mathematics benefit the Sumerians? Sumerians used geometry to measure fields and put up buildings; they developed a number system based on 60, which led to the 60- minute hour and the 360-degree circle.
10 Pg. 11 Summarizing 1. Sumeria was conquered by the ____. Their king, ____, set up the world’s first ____.Akkadians Sargon empire2. The Babylonian king ____ is best known forhis collection of ____. While some of hislaws seem cruel, they were an importantstep toward a fair system of ____.Hammurabi laws justice
11 Pg Sum It UpWhy was Sargon’s empire important?It was the first empire conquering all of Mesopotamia and lasting more than 200 years.
12 Pg.13 Section Wrap-UpWhy did civilization in Mesopotamia begin in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers?*Good farming feed many people*Traveling along the waterways was easier andincreased trading of goods*Exchange of ideas*Cities developed and became centers ofcivilizations
13 Pg.13 Sectin Wrap-UpHow did the Sumerians contribute to later peoples?*invented writing*produced works of literature*developed irrigation systems, wagon wheels,the plow, sailboats, mathematicalideas, calendar*studied the planet and stars
14 Pg.13 Section Wrap-UpWhy did the Sumerian city-states lose power?Conflicts between city-states weakened Sumeria, making it vulnerable to invaders. Sargon eventually conquered Mesopotamia for this reason.