Presentation on theme: "The Bill of Rights. Bill of Rights The Constitution is not a very long document and was written over 200 years ago. Over time, we have added 27 changes."— Presentation transcript:
The Bill of Rights
Bill of Rights The Constitution is not a very long document and was written over 200 years ago. Over time, we have added 27 changes or amendments to it. The first 10 Amendments deal with personal rights and are called the Bill of Rights.
1 st Amendment Freedom of Expression 5 Freedoms: 1. Religion 2.Speech Speak your mind 3.Press Print your thoughts 4.Assembly Hold meetings 5.Petition Express unhappiness with government
2 nd Amendment The right to own and carry a weapon
3 rd Amendment The army cannot force homes to give them room and board
4 th Amendment Government cannot search or take a person or their property without reason and proper paperwork (warrant) I hope he doesn’t ask me for a warrant…
5 th Amendment Trial by Jury Can’t be held in jail without evidence Double Jeopardy: You don’t have to testify against yourself Can’t be tried twice for same crime
Double Jeopardy Not this again...
Due Process Officials can only take away people’s rights, goods, lands, life or freedom according to written and established laws. Promotes fairness Accused must be granted what is “ due ” to him. More on the 5 th Amendment! Fair legal process Trial by jury Present at trial
Due Process The government cannot punish people without acting on the authority of some written law. So the policeman cannot put you in jail just because he doesn't like you, he has to have evidence that you violated a written law and he can only punish you according to the law.
6 th Amendment A speedy trial A lawyer Have witnesses that support you A fair jury (no one is bias or prejudice) Accusations must be in writing and your accuser must testify against you. If you’re accused of a crime you have the right to:
7 th Amendment If someone is getting sued for more than $20, there must be a trial in place to hear the case. Sued for more than $20 = MUST HAVE TRIAL
8 th Amendment Large fines won’t be set for bail No cruel or unusual punishments *Bail: a sum of money or property the accused person must give up if he or she fails to return for trial
What would we think about Aztec sacrifice?
9 th Amendment Government can’t take away rights kept by the people
10 th Amendment Rights of the States All powers not given to the federal (national) government belong to the states
What examples of rights can you find? Look closely!
Life Without the Bill of Rights
Right to Assemble (1)
Right to Petition (1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment (8)
Freedom of the Press (1)
Freedom of Religion (1)
Occupy Wall Street Watch the following youtube clip which explains the Occupy Wall Street Movement http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=235qHnTI8tI Look for different rights being exercised + familiar vocabulary!
Imagine that it’s a hot summer day and the release of a big blockbuster The movie theater is packed. From the back of the theater someone stands up just before the movie comes on and screams ‘FIRE!’ just to see what happens.
Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater This particular theater panics. Everyone gets up and tries to get to the exits. People are pushing from the back to get out and crushing the people in the front. By the end of the commotion, 5 people are trampled and killed.
Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater The police come to the theater and arrest the person that screamed ‘FIRE!’. When the trial begins the person who screamed FIRE claims that they have exercised their freedom of speech and should not be charged with a crime What do you think of this situation?
Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater In 1919 the Supreme Court decided freedom of speech did not apply if it presented a clear and present danger to the public. The ruling they created has been used many times since