2Bill of RightsThe Constitution is not a very long document and was written over 200 years ago.Over time, we have added 27 changes or amendments to it.The first 10 Amendments deal with personal rights and are called the Bill of Rights.
31st Amendment Freedom of Expression 5 Freedoms: Religion Speech Press Speak your mindPressPrint your thoughtsAssemblyHold meetingsPetitionExpress unhappiness with government
10Due ProcessMore on the5th Amendment!Officials can only take away people’s rights, goods, lands, life or freedom according to written and established laws.Promotes fairnessAccused must be granted what is “due” to him.Fair legal processTrial by juryPresent at trial
11Due ProcessThe government cannot punish people without acting on the authority of some written law.So the policeman cannot put you in jail just because he doesn't like you, he has to have evidence that you violated a written law and he can only punish you according to the law.
126th Amendment If you’re accused of a crime you have the right to: A speedy trialA lawyerHave witnesses that support youA fair jury (no one is bias or prejudice)Accusations must be in writing and your accuser must testify against you.
26Occupy Wall StreetWatch the following youtube clip which explains the Occupy Wall Street Movementwatch?v=235qHnTI8tILook for different rights being exercised + familiar vocabulary!
27Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater Imagine that it’s a hot summer day and the release of a big blockbusterThe movie theater is packed. From the back of the theater someone stands up just before the movie comes on and screams ‘FIRE!’ just to see what happens.
28Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater This particular theater panics. Everyone gets up and tries to get to the exits. People are pushing from the back to get out and crushing the people in the front. By the end of the commotion, 5 people are trampled and killed.
29Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater The police come to the theater and arrest the person that screamed ‘FIRE!’.When the trial begins the person who screamed FIRE claims that they have exercised their freedom of speech and should not be charged with a crimeWhat do you think of this situation?
30Shouting Fire in a Crowded Theater In 1919 the Supreme Court decided freedom of speech did not apply if it presented a clear and present danger to the public.The ruling they created has been used many times since