Presentation on theme: "14.2 & 14.3 Rights of the Accused. When the government accuses someone of a crime... They still have rights! Innocent until proven guilty."— Presentation transcript:
14.2 & 14.3 Rights of the Accused
When the government accuses someone of a crime... They still have rights! Innocent until proven guilty.
Rights of the Accused Writ of Habeas Corpus If you are arrested and put in jail, you must be brought to trial. Can only be suspended in “areas of rebellion” or during “invasion”
Rights of the Accused Bills of Attainder Congress can't pass laws targeting a single individual! Ex Post Facto Laws Can't punish people for crimes that were legal at the time.
Rights of the Accused Grand Juries People who decide whether someone should be brought to trial. Can agree with attorney or conduct their own research.
Rights of the Accused Self-Incrimination You cannot be forced to present evidence that hurts you. Miranda Rights
Ensuring Fair Trials The accused have a right to get to trial. Speedy Trial Time between arrest and trial must be reasonable. Accused can also get out on bail during wait.
Ensuring Fair Trials Trials are Public affairs Makes sure courts are not abusive. Allows citizens to see justice at work. Trial by Jury. – You get judged by your peers. – Change of Venue Accused can ask to have a trial in a different community.
Ensuring Fair Punishment - What happens if someone is found guilty? - 8 th Amendment protects people from “Cruel and Unusual Punishment”. - What is “Cruel and Unusual”?