Presentation on theme: "What Are Rights and Responsibilities?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What Are Rights and Responsibilities? Unit 1What Are Rights and Responsibilities?
2 Where Do Rights and Responsibilities Originate? Canada has the Canadian Human Rights Act (1977), and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to enshrine individual rights in our nationCanada also has the “Privacy Act” to help protect individual privacy (it keeps people from being allowed to gather information about you, enter your property, etc)So.... There’s lots of laws and acts to tell us what our rights are and what our freedoms are.... But not much to tell us about our...RESPONSIBILITIES
3 What are Rights?Definition: Something that a person is morally or legally entitled.But if you’ve got all these benefits, shouldn’t you take some responsibility as well?Well, if you don’t, the system wont last very longRightsFreedom of ThoughtFreedom of SpeechFreedom of ReligionResponsibilitiesObey the LawExpress your opinions but respect the opinions of othersEliminate discrimination and injustice
4 Rights in Conflict Sometimes two rights can clash... Like when a child misbehaves and a parent decides to punish themThe child has a RIGHT to protection, but a parent also has a RIGHT to exercise authority over his/her childThere are limits to your rights as well.You might have the right to self expression but you cant wear a bikini to schoolYou might have the right to bear arms (U.S.) but it doesn’t mean you can shoot at people
5 What Are Charter Freedoms? The Difference Between a Right and a Freedom:Whenever there is a right, the government has a duty to protect that rightWhen you are talking about a freedom, it is something you automatically have WITHOUT the government needing to do anything specific to allow it.You have the RIGHT to vote – The Government has a DUTY to set up voting stationsYou have the FREEDOM of the Press – The Government can just stay out of the way
6 Freedom of ReligionFreedom of Religion means that you have the freedom to worship whatever religion you want and that the state cannot impose any religious laws on the people of CanadaDid you know:Until 1985 retail stores were closed on Sunday?Until 1992 students began each day in Manitoba with Prayer?These practices ended after courts ruled that they violated section 2A of the Charter which guarantees freedom of conscience and religion
7 Freedom of Thought and Expression You are Free to think what you want and express your thoughts as you wantBut, as in the case of rights, only to a “Reasonable Limit”Mr. Kolstad has Freedom of Expression but can he tell you that all Blond haired people are actually robots from the future here to destroy our oceans? (Hint: no)“Reasonable Limits” mean that you cannot simply do or say anything you want if it is harmful to the general populationSchool Dress codes are also upheld by these reasonable limits.
8 What Are Our Charter Rights? The Charter of Rights and Freedoms formalizes your basic rights, but more specific rights are created through a court’s interpretation of the Charter in specific situations.So, For example, you have the right to not be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment.But how do we define cruel and unusual?
9 Democratic RightsYou have the right to elect your representatives to ParliamentFranchise has been growing since the beginning of CanadaUsed to be only land owning white men could voteThen women, other racesNow even prisoners can vote...
10 Legal RightsLegal rights ensure that you are treated fairly when dealing with the legal systemYou have the right to be secure against unreasonable searchThe right to not be arbitrarily detainedPolice officers have the ability to search you because they are in a position of authority and legally able to do soSame with school officials and teachers who, while you are at school, act in place of your parents under the lawIn each of these cases, however, there needs to be reasonable cause for the search– not even a police officer can just arbitrarily search youSometimes there is a reasonable situation in which your rights can be infringed upon – Like in the case of drunk driving check points
11 Equality RightsEveryone has the right to equal treatment under the law regardless of their race, ethnicity, language, colour, sex, religion...Equality rights are designed to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity no matter what– we try to remove barriers to success and between each other.
12 Same-Sex Marriage, Disability, and Language Rights Sexual Orientation cannot be discriminated against. As a result they receive the same benefits as any heterosexual coupleIncluding the right to marry, not be discriminated against when seeking employment, etc.Disability RightsHot button issue – Disability activists worked very hard to build disability rights so that people with disabilities have the same access to buildings, services, and benefits as everyone elseLanguage RightsFrench and English Speaking minorities have the right to education in their own language in any province and territory as long as there are enough to justify itIn 1993 Manitoba had to make a French Language school system because there were more than enough French speakers here to justify having one
13 Ahnald Sayz: Do Dees Qvestions! Or Else... Review the “Face Off: Freedom of Religion Versus Right to Security” on page 57Answer questions 1 and 2 completely and put them in your folder.