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Animal Farm Historical Parallels to the Russian Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "Animal Farm Historical Parallels to the Russian Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Animal Farm Historical Parallels to the Russian Revolution

2 ► Mr. Jones  The ineffective leader of Manor Farm prior to the animal rebellion  Cruel and oppressive in his treatment of the animals ► Czar Nicholas II  The ineffective leader of Russia prior to the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution  Cruel and oppressive with his own people and especially with political opponents

3 ► Old Major  Originator of the ideas of Animalism  Dies prior to animal rebellion ► Karl Marx  Originator of the ideas of Communism  Dies prior to the 1917 Revolution

4 ► Animalism  All animals are equal to one another  Animals own everything and govern themselves  “Four legs good, two legs bad!” ► Communism  All people are equal to one another  Government owns everything; “the people” are the government  “Workers of the world unite!”

5 ► Snowball  Escaped from Animal Farm after losing a power struggle with Napoleon  Went into exile on neighboring farm  Wanted to improve life for all animals (reading, windmill, etc.) ► Leon Trotsky  Escaped from Russia after losing a power struggle with Stalin  Went into exile in Mexico; found and murdered by KGB agents  Wanted to improve life for all Russians

6 ► Napoleon  Emerges as the leading power on Animal Farm  Greedy and power hungry (milk and apples, not working, etc.)  Responsible for the deaths of many animals, including Boxer  The book’s most obvious symbol of tyranny and warning against the abuses of power ► Joseph Stalin  Emerges as the leading power in Russia  Greedy and power hungry  Responsible for the deaths of millions of his fellow citizens  A symbol of tyranny and a warning against abuses of power

7 ► Squealer  Controlled both access to information and the information itself  Provided the public face for Napoleon’s government  Carefully shaped Napoleon’s image  Benefited from the controlled education system ► Propaganda Department  Controlled both access to information and the information itself  Provided the public face of the government  Carefully shaped Stalin’s image  Benefited from the controlled education system

8 ► The Dogs  Enforced obedience to Napoleon  Deeply feared for their ability to carry out the most terrible of orders  Forced support of Napoleon  Attacked and killed animals (confession scene)  Very loyal to Napoleon ► KGB – Secret Police  The Enforcer of the Communist Party  Deeply feared for their ability to carry out the most terrible of orders  Forced support of Stalin  Often killed entire families for disobedience  Very loyal to Stalin

9 ► Moses  Talks of Sugar Candy Mountain as the animals’ heaven which helps divert attention away from their present misery because a better future awaits  Napoleon eventually supports the return of Moses to keep the animals working ► Religion  According to Marx, religion spread lies in order to make people do their work without complaint  Stalin tolerated religion in order to help prevent violent revolutions and keep the masses working

10 ► Boxer (and the other “dumb” animals)  Always supported Napoleon on faith alone  Loyal to Napoleon despite obvious evidence that he was a tyrant  Betrayed by Napoleon who sold him to the knacker to be killed ► The Proletariat (the laboring or working class)  People who believed Stalin because he was “Communist” and “one of us”  Many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin was a tyrant  Betrayed by Stalin who ignored or killed them

11 ► Benjamin  Doubted that the revolution would change anything  Knew that Animalism wouldn’t work with power hungry pigs ► Skeptical people inside and outside of Russia  Doubted that the revolution would change anything  Knew that Communism wouldn’t work with power hungry leaders


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