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Juvenal: Satire 4. Crispinus (ln 1-27) Satire 1: “blob of Nilotic scum, bred in Canopus...” Wholly immoral...and rich! –Enjoys luxurious property in the.

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Presentation on theme: "Juvenal: Satire 4. Crispinus (ln 1-27) Satire 1: “blob of Nilotic scum, bred in Canopus...” Wholly immoral...and rich! –Enjoys luxurious property in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Juvenal: Satire 4

2 Crispinus (ln 1-27) Satire 1: “blob of Nilotic scum, bred in Canopus...” Wholly immoral...and rich! –Enjoys luxurious property in the middle of the city Adulterer and sex criminal in general Ln 8: “a villain is never happy...”

3 Crispinus (ctd) Extravagant eating –Buys a fish for an outrageous price (ln 24-25) –Does not share the fish “Purple-clad clown of the royal palace” (ln. 31) –Lit. scurra Palati –Palatine Hill, site of the imperial palace Segue into a description of Domitian –Similarities between Domitian and Crispinus Both are adulterous and gluttonous

4 Crispinus (ctd) Alleged affair with a Vestal Virgin –Description of the Vestal’s punishment (ln 10) –Is Crispinus punished?

5 Bridge Passage (ln 28-72) Domitian Giant Fish Delatores

6 Domitian’s Reign (ln 34-38) “last of the Flavian line” (ln 37) –Vespasian  Titus  Domitian “a bald-headed Nero” (ln 38) –Nero and Domitian had similar reigns Damaged and subjugated world

7 Giant Fish (ln 39-46) Caught in Ancona Juvenal’s description –Embellishment of the fish’s size Fisherman –Brings the “monster” (monstrum) to the high priest (pontifex maximus), i.e. the emperor (ln 45-46)

8 Informers-Delatores (ln 47-57) ln 46-52: dangers posed by the delatores delatores, a.k.a inquisitores Spies or informers who discovered or invented conspiracies Obviously not always truthful (ln 50-52)

9 Informers-Delatores (ctd) ln 48: “public inspectors of seaweed, scattered over the shore” Image of a desolate beach full of snoops, looking through rubbish

10 Domitian’s Council (ln ) Fisherman rushes to Alba –Site of Domitian’s villa Fish is admitted –Senators look on in amazement; they are blocked out! –Example of flattery by the fisherman Domitian’s chief advisory council is summoned –Why? –ln 72

11 Domitian’s Council (ctd) Members of the Council Pegasus and Crispus (ln 78-93) –Examples of wasted potential in advisors –Pegasus: “Justice without her sword” ln –Crispus’ old age Acilius Glabrio –Forced to fight in the arena in Alba by Domitian, but is successful –Incurs the wrath of the emperor and is executed

12 Domitian’s Council (ctd) Montanus (the Stomach) –Cf. “the...litter of Matho...filled with himself” –Satire 1 Crispinus, again –Perfume smells like a pair of “funerals” (funera) Veiento –Flatterer and false prophet-figure (ln ) –Parody of taking the auspices Blind Catullus, not Catullus the poet! –“no one was more amazed at the turbot. Facing left, he praised it greatly...However, the creature was lying on the right” (ln )

13 Domitian’s Council (ctd) Domitian’s only words in the satire: “So what do you recommend? Cut in him pieces?” Montanus has the final say –Ln

14 Final Focus on Domitian Council is dismissed –Ln : shows the triviality of the meeting and apprehension Domitian causes “If only he had spent his entire reign on such silly matters...” –Domitian’s reign is cruel and bloody –While the aristocracy is too cowed to stand up to the emperor, the “workers” (cerdones) assassinate him –Final image of the satire: “hands stained with blood of the Lamiae” (ln 152)


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