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By Bianca Kue Atkins v. Virginia. Background June 20 th 2002 Daryl Renard Atkins  Convicted of abduction, armed robbery, and capital murder  Forensic.

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Presentation on theme: "By Bianca Kue Atkins v. Virginia. Background June 20 th 2002 Daryl Renard Atkins  Convicted of abduction, armed robbery, and capital murder  Forensic."— Presentation transcript:

1 By Bianca Kue Atkins v. Virginia

2 Background June 20 th 2002 Daryl Renard Atkins  Convicted of abduction, armed robbery, and capital murder  Forensic psychologist diagnosed Atkins as mildly mentally retarded. Jury sentenced Atkins to death  Ruling based on Penry v. Lynaugh

3 Why was this case brought to the Supreme Court? Question:  Is the execution of mentally retarded persons "cruel and unusual punishment" prohibited by the Eighth Amendment? Ruling  6-3  Death is not suitable for a mentally retarded criminal due to lack of thinking ability and judgment.  Based ruling on how many states (national consensus) had laws against executing mentally retarded criminals (32 out of 50)

4 How did this case change how we understand or interpret the Constitution/Amendments? “we leave to the State[s] the task of developing appropriate ways to enforce the constitutional restriction upon its execution of sentences.” Changed how death penalty was issued based on “cruel and unusual punishment"

5 Sources 2009/2001/2001_00_8452/ 2009/2001/2001_00_8452/ SSC_DN_0000_8452_ZO.html SSC_DN_0000_8452_ZO.html plates/student_resources/ _gaines/land mark/ch11.html plates/student_resources/ _gaines/land mark/ch11.html


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