Presentation on theme: "Text Survey and Predictions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Text Survey and Predictions Juvenile JusticeText Survey and Predictions
2 Survey the TextWhat do the titles “Kids are Kids – Until they Commit Crimes” and “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” tell you the articles will be about?Which do you think will be more formal and difficult to read?What positions do you think these two authors will take on these issues?
3 Predictions: “Kids are Kids – Until they Commit Crimes” I’ll read the first 3 paragraphs so you can answer:What do you think it will be about?What do you think is the purpose of this text?Who do you think is the intended audience?Turn the article title into a question you can answer as you read the essayRead to paragraph 6 and answer the following: What is Lundstrom’s opinion on the topic of juvenile crime?
4 Vocabulary Jigsaw From “Startling Finds on Teenage Brains” impulsive (4)erratic (4)purged (7)inhibit (7)diminished (9)accountability (10)homicidal (11)From “Kids are Kids”inconsistency (6)quandary (7)heinous (14)coddling (14)perpetuated (20)
5 First Reading:Read both articles “with the grain” to understand the main idea.At the end of the article, write 1-2 sentences explaining the main idea of the article.
6 Second Reading: As you read Highlight the text showing the arguments for and against trying juveniles as adults (Use different colored highlighters or + and – signs). Label the arguments as ethos, pathos, or logos.In the margin: Annotate by adding questions on the left and comments on the right.
7 Charting the Texts: As you read these articles, fill out a graphic organizer like this. DefendantAgeCrimeConviction or Sentence
8 Focused Questions1. Do you think that sentencing juvenile killers to the death penalty is a “cruel and unusual” punishment? Use “constitutional” or “unconstitutional” in your answer. 2. Should juveniles be punished less harshly than adults? Use “leniently” in your answer. 3. Describe the demeanor of a teenager that you know. Do you think that demeanor would cause a jury to be lenient? 4. Do you think execution should be banned for some age groups of juveniles? Which ones?
9 More Focused Questions 5. What factors do you think juries should take into account when they sentence juveniles? 6. Do you agree with Lundstrom that it’s inconsistent to deny privileges like voting and drinking to teenagers but then sentence them as adults? Why? 7. Do you think juveniles should be tried as adults if they commit especially bad crimes? Use the word “heinous” in your answer. 8. Do you agree with Lundstrom that the media perpetuates the stereotype of violent youth?
10 Rhetorical Appeals – Find evidence in the articles and evaluate its impact “Supreme Court to Rule on Executing Young Killers”Example for Logos: “The plummeting number of such death sentences – there were two last year – lends weight to the argument that putting youths on death row amounts to cruel and unusual punishment” (4). This is a logical argument against the idea of treating juveniles as adults. It implies that most jurors refuse to apply the death penalty to juveniles because they feel that the punishment is too severe for someone who is not yet fully mature.Now you do the same thing for Pathos and Ethos in the article:Pathos: (Look for emotional arguments and loaded words)Ethos: (Look for evidence from a credible source, such as a judge or attorney)
11 Rhetorical Appeals – Find evidence in the articles and evaluate its impact “Kids are Kids – Until They Commit Crimes”Logos: (Look for logical arguments, such as statistics)Pathos: (Look for emotional arguments and loaded words)Ethos: (Look for evidence from a credible source, such as a judge or attorney)
12 Reading “Many kids called unfit for adult trial” by Greg Krikorian “Startling Finds on the Teenage Brain” by Paul Thompson.
13 As you read… Annotate the text. Ask questions, express surprise, disagree, elaborate, note any moments of confusion or curiosity.Write what pops into your head! Don’t over-think it.
14 Denotation and Connotation Denotation: The most specific or direct meaning of a word. The dictionary definition of the word.Connotation: The idea or meaning suggested by or associated with a word or thing. This term deals with the feeling that a word provoke.
15 Examples Slender vs. Skinny Thrifty vs. Cheap Aroma vs. Smell Animal vs. BeastSome words just sound “nicer” than others.Some words are “loaded” with meaning.
16 Loaded Words Discuss: What do these words suggest about teenagers? MassiveWildfirePurgedViolent passionsRash actionsVastly immatureErratic behaviorMaelstromRecklessStartlingDelicateDrasticDiscuss: What do these words suggest about teenagers?
17 SummaryWrite a six sentence summary of “Many kids called unfit for adult trial” by Greg Krikorian.Make sure your summary includes the most significant information from the text.
18 Discussion QuestionsDevelop 5 discussion questions about any topic from the texts that we have read.Your questions should be under-the-surface questions that can be discussed thoroughly and debated with other students in the classroom.