Presentation on theme: "Historic Supreme Court Cases Review. 1. Slaves could not sue in federal courts because they were considered property and not citizens. Congress could."— Presentation transcript:
1. Slaves could not sue in federal courts because they were considered property and not citizens. Congress could not force new states to be slave or free states it was a reserved power. Constitutional Issue: Reserved powers
2. Freedom of Speech could be limited during times of war if it presented a “clear and present danger” to the country. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of speech
3. Outlawed prayer in public schools because they violated the establishment clause. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of religion
4. School attendance laws violated freedom of religion by forcing Amish citizens to learn against their wills. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of religion
5. The death penalty is constitutional if it is used for a crime that fits the penalty and factors other than race should be used. Constitutional Issue: 8 th amendment; cruel and unusual punishment.
6. The death penalty is unconstitutional if it can not be proven that factors other than race were used. Constitutional Issue: 8 th amendment; cruel and unusual punishment
7. This case ruled that the judicial branch had the power to review a law to see if it was constitutional (judicial review) The constitutional issue: Judicial Review
8. Affirmative Action is constitutional for college admissions as long as race is not the only factor used for admission Constitutional Issue: 14 th amendment; equal protection of the law
9. Law officials must notify accused persons of their rights when they are taken into custody. Constitutional Issue: 5 th amendment; self- incrimination.
10. Declared that state laws requiring the separation of races was constitutional as long as the states provided “separate but equal” facilities. Constitutional Issue: Reserved Powers
11. Evidence obtained by law officials in “good faith” is still admissible (usable) in court even if a search warrant shouldn’t have been issued. Constitutional Issue: 4 th amendment – searches and seizures
12. Overturned Plessy v. Ferguson and therefore outlawed segregation in public schools. Constitutional Issue: 14 th amendment; equal protection of the laws.
13. State governments can not tax an agency of the federal government and the national bank is constitutional. Constitutional Issue: Supremacy Clause
14. School officials only have to have “reasonable cause” to search students suspected of crimes on school grounds and do not need a search warrant to do so. Constitutional Issue: 4 th amendment; searches and seizures
15. Student’s rights to freedom of speech can not be limited when they do not disrupt the learning process in schools. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of expression
16. States can not regulate interstate trade because it is a power given to the federal government by the Constitution. Constitutional Issue: Expressed powers, Supremacy Clause
17. Flag burning was constitutionally protected as a means of free expression. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of expression.
18. Freedom of assembly could not be dismissed as disturbing the peace in order to break-up a protest. 1 st amendment; freedom of assembly.
19.States did not have to provide an attorney in criminal cases unless the accused person was on trial for a capital crime or there were special circumstances, such as illiteracy. Constitutional Issue: 6 th amendment, right to an attorney
20. Freedom of religion was constitutionally protected, but religious practices could not break the law. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of religion.
21. The government can not limit freedom of the press for information that was given to newspapers voluntarily, if it does not violate national security. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of press
22. The government could limit the freedom of citizens during times of war. Therefore the prison camps for Japanese Americans did not violate the Constitution. Constitutional Issue: 5 th and 6 th amendments; Expressed powers
23. State laws barring abortion are unconstitutional that ban abortions prior to the time that the baby can live without the mother. Constitutional Issue: 9 th amendment; right to privacy.
24. States must follow the fourth amendment when gathering evidence and upheld the “exclusionary rule”, that evidence obtained illegally is not admissible in court. Constitutional Issue: 4 th amendment; searches and seizures
25. The president can not use “executive privilege” to protect himself, but only for matters that affect national security. Constitutional Issue: Checks and Balances
26. Law officials not only had to have a search warrant to enter a home, but evidence obtained without a warrant was inadmissible in court, the “exclusionary rule” Constitutional Issue: 4 th amendment; exclusionary rule.
27. States must provide an attorney in all criminal cases even if the accused can not afford one. Constitutional Issue: 6 th amendment; right to an attorney.
28. Schools do not violate the first amendment by controlling the content of school newspapers. 1 st amendment; freedom of the press
29. Students freedom of speech can be limited at school if it causes a disruption and when needed. Constitutional Issue: 1 st amendment; freedom of speech
1. Dred Scott vs. Sanford (1857) upload.wikimedia.orgwww.phschool.com
2. Schenk v. United States (1919) www.cartoonstock.com www.airforce-magazine.com
3. Engel v. Vitale (1962) www2.maxwell.syr.edu www.mindspring.com
4. Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972) www.afterimage.com/tice1snowl.jpg fairhillchristianschool.org
5. Gregg v. Georgia (1976) whiteesworkshop.com/images/electric_c hair.bmp methink.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/ death-pen...
6. Furman v. Georgia (1972) http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/T5OSZT gPf9K www.hrdc.net
7. Marbury v. Madison (1803) http://knowledgenews.net/moxie/moxiepix/a1175.jpg
8. Univ. of California v. Bakke (1978) http://blogs.cqpolitics.com/trailmix/affirmati ve%20action%20cartoon.jpg http://www.landmarkcases.org/bakke/imag es/clown_cartoon.gif
9. Miranda v. Arizona (1966) http://www.stus.com/images/products/cpr 0019.gif http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.billofrightsinstitute.org/dnn/images/ crimpro/cartoon3.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.billofrightsinstitute.org/dnn/quiz/crimpro/cart oon.htm&h=329&w=289&sz=19&hl=en&start=8&usg=__Uc02gEIRq9ZRdFkj8vkOFCO P21o=&tbnid=Y6ej5CQAsjFXcM:&tbnh=119&tbnw=105&prev=/images%3Fq%3DGideo n%2Bv.%2BWainwright%26gbv%3D2%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive