# Topic 2 : Reflection. Essential Learning Outcome I can use the geometric ray model and the law of reflection to describe and predict angles of reflection.

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Topic 2 : Reflection

Essential Learning Outcome I can use the geometric ray model and the law of reflection to describe and predict angles of reflection.

Reflection Reflection is the process in which light strikes a surface and bounces back off that surface. How it bounces off the surface depends on the Law of Reflection and the type of surface it hits.

If it hits a rough surface, the light is scattered. If it hits a smooth surface, the light reflects at an opposite angle to the angle it hits.

Incident ray: Light coming from a light source. Reflected ray: light that bounces off the surface. Normal Line: A line that is perpendicular ( 90o with the surface) to the plane mirror. Angle of incidence ( i ): The angle between the incident ray and the normal line. Angle of reflection ( r ): The angle between the reflected ray and the normal line.

Reflection

http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/java/scie nceopticsu/reflection/index.html

The Law of reflection states that: 1.angle of incidence = angle of reflection 2. The incident ray, the normal line and the reflected ray lie in the same plane (an imaginary flat surface)

Curved Mirrors Convex mirror a mirror curving outwards images appear much smaller and farther away can reflect light from a large area Concave mirror a mirror curving inwards images appear larger, closer and upside-down reflect light from smaller areas

Forming an Image An image is formed in a mirror because light reflects off all points on the object being observed in all directions. The rays that reach your eye appear to be coming from a point behind the mirror. Because your brain knows that light travels in a straight line, it interprets the pattern of light that reaches your eye as an image of an object you are looking at.

Important Terms Reflection – process where light strikes and bounces back off a surface Incident ray – the light ray that strikes a reflecting or refracting surface Reflected ray – the light ray that bounces off the surface Normal line– a reference line drawn perpendicular to the reflecting surface where an incident ray strikes the surface Angle of incidence (i) – the angle between the incident ray & the normal line Angle of reflection (r) – the angle between the normal line & the reflected ray

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