Presentation on theme: "How to Make a Simple Paragraph"— Presentation transcript:
1How to Make a Simple Paragraph Paragraphs: the basic partsWhat’s the Point?Brainstorm/ Mind MapBrainstorm/ Mind MapDon’t be so tense…TopicDetail SentenceIf you Lead OffClincher SentenceThen Follow UpGeneral, Clueing, or SpecificIn SequenceParagraph DiagramREWOT ? TOWERTHE THEME
2Title- The subject of the paragraph Paragraphs have (5) basic partsTitle- The subject of the paragraphTopic Sentence -usually first or second sentence it forms an IntroductionLead and follow up detail sentences in logical sequenceConclusion -usually the last sentence-called the clincher
3Mind- and Concept-Mapping. A mind map is a diagram used to represent words, ideas, tasks, or other items linked to and arranged around a central key word or idea (See example below).
4The 5W’s Are an essential part of the TOWER diagram when writing The 5W’s Are an essential part of the TOWER diagram when writing. The first step is T Thinking.When considering the topic and looking for connections to creat subtopicsAnswering – the 5 w’s can help you Brainstorm:who (with literature – characterization)what (addresses plot)when (Setting and historical perspective)where (Setting and historical perspective)why (Motive and Conflict can be found here too!)There are other options tooConsider the opposite of the topic (antithesis)Consider gender or age (if applicable)Consider assumptions and beliefs( versus fact)Another method that can work is “clustering.”
5Remember to include the title author and genre when writing about literature or a text. TOPIC T/A/G:Title/Author/Genre:Topic:On your Paragraph Diagram, write your topic sentence in the space provided above!
6Lead-off sentences1) Introduce a new detail to the reader.2) Include a transition / sequence word to show the relationship between the new detail and therest of the paragraph.Examples: The first reason, the most important element, the largest consideration, etc.
7Follow-up Sentences1) Follow the lead-off sentence with additional information about the detail.2) You can cite a detail example or fact here! Use parenthesis or incorporate the source as a detail. You can write as many follow-up sentences as needed to convey information about the detail to be discussed.
8Transition / Sequence Chain-Link Time Importance Size Space Concluding These are structural words pointing to relationships among and between ideas. These words are used to indicate examples or application of thought and logic.Chain-LinkTimeImportanceSizeSpaceConcluding
9Point of View Types of Point of View Third Person Point of View Here the narrator does not participate in the action of the story as one of the characters, but lets us know exactly how the characters feel. We learn about the characters through this outside voice. No Personal Feelings here! No references to the writer!DO NOT USE UNLESS DIRECTED BY THE TEACHERFirst Person Point of View In the first person point of view, the narrator does participate in the action of the story. When reading stories in the first person, we need to realize that what the narrator is recounting might not be the objective truth. We should question the trustworthiness of the accounting.AVOID THESE--- I, ME, WE, US, YOU etc.
10TENSE1) It is standard practice to use the present tense for literature– “for books never die.”2) Maintain a consistent tense. Avoid switching from past to present:Incorrect: Othello was jealous of his wife because Iago tricks him into believing that Desdomona is unfaithful and was in love with Cassio.Correct: Othello is jealous of his wife because Iago tricks him into believingthat Desdomona is unfaithful and is in love with Cassio.
11Five parts of a detail sentence: They must include a transition if it introduces a new detail. BE SPECIFIC. Avoid generalities and vague references to the topic. Avoid making empty statements as given in the following example: There is a lot of symbolism in ‘The Story of an Hour.’ It is really effective, and it is crucial to the story line and theme. Don’t stop there. Present specific examples: The symbolism in ‘The Story of an Hour’ is very effective and also crucial to the story line and theme. The sky that Mrs. Mallard looks at through the open window speaks volumes, and it symbolizes her new lease on life. The ‘patches of blue sky showing here and there through the clouds’ indicate new opportunities and experiences and feelings she will have now that the chains of nineteenth century wedlock are lifted.
12Clincher SentencesSimilar to topic sentences but form the conclusion of the paragraph.Usually the last sentence in the paragraph.Closes the paragraph.Names the main idea of the paragraph.Sometimes summarizes or names the details of the paragraph.Is different from the topic sentence (should use different words than the topic sentence).Sometimes they start with a concluding transition (a word or group of words that tell the reader that you are finishing something.)
13Three types of Clincher Sentences General-summarizes only the main idea of a paragraph, it may make the reader think more about the topic.Clueing-names the main idea and ties the details together with a clue word (same clue words we used earlier in the clueing topic sentence).Specific-names the main idea, names the specific details that were covered in the paragraph order.
14Three types of Clincher Sentences General-summarizes only the main idea of a paragraph, it may make the reader think more about the topic.Clueing-names the main idea and ties the details together with a clue word (same clue words we used earlier in the clueing topic sentence).Specific-names the main idea, names the specific details that were covered in the paragraph order.
16Size TransitionsThe largest Larger than The smallest The small-sized The tallestThe next largest Equal to The next smallest The medium-sized The shortestThe smallest Smaller than The largest The largest-sized
17Time TransitionsFirst, Now At the beginning of Thereafter, By this time BeforeThen, Soon In the middle of Presently, At the same time In the meantime Next, Then At the end of After a short time, At that instant MeanwhileAt last, Later Thereafter, Immediately, During Simultaneously, AfterwardsFirst, In the morning, Yesterday, The firstSecond, Before noon, Today, A more recentThird, In the afternoon, Tomorrow The most recentFinally, In the evening, The day after tomorrow, In the past, The next day, This year, The earliestIn the present, Two weeks later, Next year, The next earliestIn the future, Six months later, In the next few years The most recent
18Space Transitionsbehind on the edge of beside in front of west of high over toward around facing east of againstunder throughout near in back of north of alongsidebelow to the right of side by side in the center south of ahead ofbeneath to the left of close to inside at the herelow down on top of next to outside in thereon the bottom at the top down at the end of on beyondon the corner by up between above farther on
19Importance Transitions The best The most important The first The bestThe next best Equally important More important than The next bestThe least best The next important Most important The worstThe least important
20Chain-Link Transitions On the one hand, One example of In the first place, In other words, The firstOn the other hand, For instance, In the second place, In fact, The secondAnother example In the third place, Also, The third Again, A further example Besides, For another example, Moreover, For example, One Because First, Another Since Second, Still another further As Third, In addition, Further, Still, SpecificallyIn the same way, Furthermore, While More specificallyIn fact, Instead In particular, The opposite of _is_ Additionally, On the contrary side Lastly, The last Indeed, As a result,To the contrary, Similar to s_ Last Although Consequently,In contrast, Another similar _is_ Even though NaturallyIn spite of Likewise, Nevertheless, Even if After all,Despite the Similarly, Nonetheless, A dissimilar _is_
21Concluding TransitionsTo conclude In sum, To sum up As you can see,In conclusion, In brief, To summarize, As a result,In summary, In short, Therefore, Finally,