2DRAWINGDrawing is the basic element of art. It can be classified as artistic and technical.ARTISTIC DRAWING shows: feelings,nature,realism,abstract ideas etc.It has no rules and gives freedom to the imagination of the artist.TECHNICAL DRAWING is known as geometric or mechanic which represents graphically and in an exact way with dimensions machines,plans etc. It is based in exact measurements so as methods and procedures.
3PENCILS :Hard pencils are H,2H,3H,up to 10H PENCILS :Hard pencils are H,2H,3H,up to 10H .These are used for the basic plain drawing . The soft ones are the B’s up to 12B.They are used for adding details ,shades volume ,chiaroscuro etc.INK: It is used with drawings that need precision.It can be diluted with water and it can create a great variety of tones.There are different types of inks but the most recommended is the Chinese ink.CHARCOAL :It is the fastest way to draw but some drawings do not last since it falls down easily. It also makes it difficult to get certain tones and highlights. Charcoal can be spreaded with fingers or with cotton.
5WHEN LEARNING TO DRAW IT IS NECESSARY TO APPLY CERTAIN RULESTHAT ARE COMMON AND EASY TO FOLLOW.IT MAKES YOUR COMPOSITION MORE REALISTIC.PERSPECTIVE: DRAWING OR PAINTING TECHNIQUE IN WHICH OBJECTS APPEAR TO HAVE MORE DEPTH AND DISTANCE .ALSO OBJECTS CLOSER TO THE VIEWER APPEAR BIGGER WHILE THE ONES FARTHER AWAY APPEAR SMALLER. THE CLOSER ONES ARE DRAWN IN A LOWER PLANE WHILE THE FARTHER ONES ARE IN A HIGHER PLANE.TONAL PERSPECTIVE :THIS PERSPECTIVE FOLLOWS THE SAME CHARACTERISTICS AS THE ONE MENTIONED BEFORE. IT ALSO HAS TONES OR COLORS WHERE THE OBJECTS FARTHER AWAY ARE SHOWN IN A LIGHTER TONE WHILE THE ONES CLOSER APPEAR DARKER.
6FOCAL POINT: THE MOST IMPORTANT POINT SEGMENT OR FIGURE IN A DRAWING,A POINT OF INTEREST,A POINT OF FOCUS.EVERY COMPOSITION MUST HAVE ONE . THIS MAKES THE WHOLE PICTURE MORE ATTRACTIVE.IT USUALLY HAS A DIFFERENT SIZE,SHAPE ,TONE OR COLOR.CONCAVITY: CURVE DRAWN INWARD . WHEN DRAWING ROUND OBJECTS IT IS USED AT THE BOTTOM SO AS AT THE TOP .SYMMETRICAL BALANCE: THIS IS SEEN IN FIGURES THAT ARE DIVIDED IN HALF AND EACH SIDE HAS THE SAME SHAPE AND SIZE. THERE IS A BALANCE. EXAMPLE: A BALL,PERSONS,CARS
7HIGHLIGHT: A PORTION OF LIGHT ADDED TO A FIGURE TO MAKE IT MORE REAL AND OUTSTANDING. JUXTAPOSSITION:PLACING FIGURES SIDE BY SIDE AS THEY APPEAR TO THE VIEWER THOUGH THEY ARE INDIFFERENT PLANES.
10. TECHNICAL DRAWINGPrecise drawing showing quantities or measurements: a precise scale drawing of something, usually professionally prepared for architectural, engineering, or industrial purposes, showing dimensions or quantities.There are different types of technical drawings; engineering,architectural,maps,mechanical,Engineering: Drawings of buildings,bridges,roads and others.Architectural:Drawing of buildings and houses,facades and floor plans.Mechanical: drawing of machines or parts of machines.
12ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONIC DRAWING: Electricity drawing is used designing electrical installations and the technical drawing of electric objects and its diagrams(t.v.,radio,irons,etc.)MARINE AND AIRNAUTICS DRAWINGS: It is used in the designing and constructing boats,submarines,and airplanes.GEOGRAPHIC DRAWING: It is used for drawing maps.TOPOGRAPHIC DRAWING :Represents the surface of land and its forms. It is related with geographic drawing.
14ARTISTIC DRAWINGThere are several types of artistic drawing : advertising,cartoons,decorative,abstract,and portrait.ADVERTISING: used in advertising adds to promote the commerce of a product.DECORATIVE : used in decoration of houses or in functional objects of the house.Examples: curtains, bed clothe, ornaments.CARTOONS: for T.V. or comic strips. Sometimes it is satiric and is used as a critic in political situations.ABSTRACT : This type of drawing shows figures with no sense for the spectator just for the artist that did it. It is not related to realism.
15NATURAL ARTISTIC DRAWING is the one that uses as model or copies things from nature giving a certain shape,volume and tone.The materials used for this drawing are different types of pencils erasers,ink,and charcoal.LANDSCAPE DRAWING is a drawing of nature, a scenery.PORTRAIT: is a drawing of a human face or animal
20Ways of drawing There are different ways of making artistic drawings: Contour – only the outside of the figure is done . No details are added.Fast: As the word says it the drawing is done fast without precision were only its main parts are noticeable and just certain details are fastly included.Detailed: including all parts of a composition and all its elements.