2 Beginning in the 1400s the Age of Exploration was when European countries expanded outside of its borders.Before the time Europe remained isolated from the rest of the world except for Marco Polo’s explorations in China in 1275.
3 Europeans were motivated by the 3Gs God- Spread ChristianityGlory- Find new territories for the monarchsGold- Obtain wealthEuropeans had been introduced to spices such as nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper, and ginger during the Crusades. Demand was higher than supply. Merchants were able to make great profits from the sale of spices.
4 Following the Crusades Europeans believed it was their duty to continue to spread Christianity by converting non-Christiansand fight the Muslims.Technology allowed for easier exploration for the EuropeansThe caravel was a new sturdier vessel.Triangular sails allowed for sailing against the wind.The astrolabe was used to calculate latitude.Also the magnetic compass was used for directionAstrolabe was perfected by Muslims. The compass by Chinese.
5 Portugal was the leader in using the innovations. They were also the first to establish trading outposts in West Africa.Governmental support helped with resources.Prince Henry the Navigator used his ownfortune to fund 14 voyages and died in debt.
6 Spain and Portugal became rivals in exploration. Pope Alexander created a dividing line. Spain would claim all land tothe west-Portugal to the eastThe Treaty of Tordesilla moved the line farther west causingPortugal to fall off course landing in Brazil
7 Portuguese Explorers Gaspar Corte Real: 1450-1501: Explored Greenland Bartolomeu Dias: : The first European explorer to lead a voyagearound the Cape of Good Hope on the Southern most tip of South Africa.Pedro Alvares Cabral: : The first European explorer to reach BrazilVasco da Gama: : Discovered and ocean route from Portugal tothe EastFerdinand Magellan: : First to circumnavigate the world
8 Spanish ExplorersChristopher Columbus: : On his way to find India, discoveredthe New World, the West Indies.Francisco Pizarro: : Conquered the Incas in PeruVasco Nunez de Balboa: : First European to see the Pacific Oceanfrom its eastern shoreJuan Ponce de Leon: : First to reach FloridaFrancisco Vasquez de Coronado: : First to explore southwesternNorth America
9 Hernando Cortes: 1485-1547: Conquered the Aztecs in Mexico Cabeza de Vaca: : First to explore Texas and the SouthwestPanfilo de Narvaez: : explored CubaAlfonso Pineda: : proved Florida was not an islandJuan de Onate: : established the colony of New Mexico for SpainJuan Cabrillo: : First to explore to navigate the coast ofCalifornia
10 English ExplorersSir Francis Drake: : Circumnavigated the worldSir Walter Raleigh: : Discovered Guiana and established theVirginia colony of Roanoke IslandSir Humphrey Gilbert: : established St. Johns and NewfoundlandSir Richard Grenville: : Explored Virginia, Roanoke Island andthe AzoresSir John Hawkins: : Explored South America and West Africa
11 John Cabot: 1450-1499: Second to found North America, colonized Canada Sebatian Cabot: : Searched for Northwest Passage across NorthAmerica and made expeditions to RussiaHenry Hudson: : Discovered the what came to called the HudsonRiver
12 French ExplorersJacques Cartier: : Led three expeditions to CanadaJacques Marquette: : Along with Louis Joliet, discovered theMississippi River.Samuel de Champlain: : Known as the Father of Canada was thefounder of Quebec City
13 Italian Explorers Marco Polo: 1254-1324: China and parts of Asia Christopher Columbus was Italian but sailed for SpainAmerigo Vespucci was Italian but sailed for SpainGiovanna da Verrazzano: : was Italian but sailed for France-explored the Northeast coast of North America from Cape Fear to MaineFray Marcos de Niza: : Discovering the Pueblo tribe called theZuni Indians. Made to believe the myth of the "Seven Golden Citiesof Cibola" legendary cities of splendour and riches sought in the 16th century by Spanish conquistadores in North America.
14 Leif ErikssonThe second son of Erik the Red, Leif Eriksson was on his way back home to Greenland, where Norway's King Olaf I had sent him to Christianize the natives, when he sailed off course and landed at what is now Nova Scotia, which he called Vinland. This account comes from the Icelandic Eiríks saga. Another account, the Groenlendinga saga, says he learned of Vinland from an Icelandic trader who had been there 14 years earlier.He never colonized the land he discovered, and he would never return to it once he headed back to Greenland after the winter was over.
15 Explorer Amerigo Vespucci was born March 9, 1451, in Florence, Italy Explorer Amerigo Vespucci was born March 9, 1451, in Florence, Italy. On May 10, 1497, he embarked on his first voyage. On his third and most successful voyage, he discovered present-day Rio de Janeiro and Rio de la Plata. Believing he had discovered a new continent, he called South America the New World. In 1507, America was named after him. He died of malaria in Seville, Spain, on February 22, 1512.
16 Zheng HeCommanded a fleet of more than 300 ships, 50 treasure shipsThe fleet included more than 20,000 sailors and hundreds of ships.The ships were as long as 400 feet. (Columbus's ships, were less than 100 feet long.)Zheng He and his fleet went to on Seven Voyages to places like India, Ceylon, Arabia, Africa, and many other places, spreading the word about the glory of China. He brought back with him many tributes and many strange animals and plants.