2BreadsTypesPullman or sandwich loaves of white bread are most frequently used for simple sandwiches.These are long, rectangular loaves that provide square slices of specified thickness, from ⅜ to ⅝ in. (10 to 16 mm) thick.Commercial sandwich bread should be of fine rather than coarse texture, and firm enough to accommodate spreads well.White bread is suitable for the largest variety of fillings because of its neutral flavor.
3Breads TYPES (CONT’D) Breads made of various flours: Top row: multigrain, white pan loaf, marble rye, whole wheat, and olive loaf.Bottom row: raisin swirl, pumpernickel, and Jewish rye.
4Breads TYPES (CONT’D) Breads in various shapes, by row: Top: Pullman, baguette, home-style, bâtard, sub roll, and hearth.Middle: Cuban, kaiser, hot dog, New England hot dog, hamburger roll, ciabatta, and steak roll.Bottom: naan, flour tortillas, whole wheat wrap, and pita.
5BreadsSTORAGEThe following measures can be taken to ensure freshness:Daily delivery, or delivery as frequent as possible.Keep bread tightly wrapped in moisture-proof wrapping until it is used.French bread and other hard-crusted breads should not be wrapped. Otherwise, the crusts will soften.Store at room temperature, away from ovens or hot equipment. Do not refrigerate.If bread must be kept more than one day, it may be frozen.Day-old bread may be used for toasting without loss of quality.
6Spreads Purpose of Spreads Three purposes: To protect the bread from soaking up moisture from the filling.To add flavor.To add moisture or mouthfeel.
7SpreadsTypesButter should be soft enough to spread easily without tearing the bread.Mayonnaise is often preferred to butter as a spread because it contributes more flavor.However, it does not protect the bread from moisture as well as butter does.Almost any food of a spreadable consistency can be used to add flavor interest to sandwiches.
8Fillings MEATS AND POULTRY Sliced meats dry out and lose flavor. Avoid slicing farther ahead than necessary.Keep sliced meats covered or wrapped.Thin meat slices are more tender, and sandwiches made with them are easier to eat.Thin slices make a thicker sandwich than one or two thick slices of the same total weight.
9Fillings Meats and Poultry Beef Pork products Sliced roast beef, hot or coldHamburger pattiesSmall steaksCorned beefPastramiTongue, fresh or smokedRoast porkBarbecued porkHam, all kindsBaconCanadian bacon
10MEATS AND POULTRY (CONT’D) FillingsMEATS AND POULTRY (CONT’D)PoultrySausage productsTurkey breastChicken breastSalamiFrankfurtersBolognaLiverwurstLuncheon meatsGrilled sausages
11Fillings Cheese The most popular sandwich cheeses are: Cheddar types Process cheeseCream cheeseMascarponeSwiss typesProvoloneSpreads
12Fillings FISH AND SHELLFISH Most seafood fillings for sandwiches are highly perishable and should be kept well chilled at all times.Some popular seafood fillings are:TunaShrimpFried fish portionsSardinesAnchoviesGrilled or pan-fried fish filletsSmoked salmon and lox
13FillingsBOUND SALADSThe most popular salads for sandwich fillings are:Tuna saladEgg saladChicken or turkey saladHam salad
14Fillings VEGETABLE ITEMS Lettuce, tomato, and onion are indispensable in sandwich production.Nearly any vegetables used in salads may also be included in sandwiches.Grilled vegetables are popular not only in vegetarian sandwiches but also as part of the filling in meat sandwiches.
16Types of Sandwiches HOT SANDWICHES Simple hot sandwiches Open-faced sandwichesGrilled sandwichesDeep-fried sandwichesHot burritosQuesadillasEnchiladasPizza
17SETTING UP THE STATION FOR PREPARED-TO-ORDER SANDWICHES Making SandwichesSETTING UP THE STATION FOR PREPARED-TO-ORDER SANDWICHESIngredients—This phase of the setup has two parts:Prepare ingredients.Arrange or store ingredients for maximum efficiency.Two other considerations important for ingredients:SanitationPortion control
18SETTING UP THE STATION FOR PREPARED-TO-ORDER SANDWICHES (CONT’D) Making SandwichesSETTING UP THE STATION FOR PREPARED-TO-ORDER SANDWICHES (CONT’D)Equipment—The equipment needed for a sandwich station depends, of course, on the menu and the size of the operation:Storage equipmentHand toolsPortion control equipmentCooking equipment
19Making Sandwiches SERVICE With a few exceptions, such as hamburgers and hot dogs, sandwiches are cut before serving.Cutting serves two purposes:It makes the sandwich easier to handle and eat.It makes possible a more attractive presentation.
20Recipe Pronunciations Croque MonsieurFalafel and Roasted Vegetables in PitaTahini Yogurt DressingPizza Margherita