Presentation on theme: "Planes of Motion / Directional Movement Anatomical Terms"— Presentation transcript:
1Planes of Motion / Directional Movement Anatomical Terms Exercise Science / Sports MedicineS2O1abc
2Anatomical PositionAnatomical Position – Standing upright, feet together or slightly apart, arms hanging but not touching the sides, with palms forward and thumbs pointing out.Why?The anatomical position is important because it’s the reference for all directional and movement terms.
3Planes of MotionSagittal Plane(s): Divide the body into right and left segments.Cardinal Plane: Divides the body into equal and portions.Midsagittal Plane: Cardinal Sagittal Plane
4Planes of Motion Continued Coronal / Frontal Plane(s)- Divide the body into front and back segments.
5Planes of Motion Continued Transverse / horizontal Plane(s)- Divides the Body into top and bottom segments.
6Planes of Motion Continued Center of Mass / Center of Gravity – The point at which all three cardinal planes intersect.
7Directional/Location Terms Inferior-Refers to a structure being closer to the feet or lower than another structure in the bodySuperior-Refers to a structure being closer to the head or higher than another structure in the body
8Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Anterior-Refers to a structure being more in front than another structure in the bodyPosterior-Refers to a structure being more in back than another structure in the body
9Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Medial-Refers to a structure being closer to the midline or median plane of the body than another structure of the bodyLateral-Refers to a structure being farther away from the midline than another structure of the body
10Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Distal-(Reference to the extremities only)Refers to a structure being further away from the root or attachment of the limb than another structure in the limbProximal-(Reference to the extremities only)Refers to a structure being closer to the root of the limb than another structure inthat limb
11Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Superficial-Refers to a structure being closer to the surface of the body than another structureDeep-Refers to a structure being closer to the core of the body than another structure
12Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Ventral-Towards the front or bellyDorsal- Towards the back
13Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Prone-Lying face downSupine-Lying face up
14Directional/ Location Terms Cont. Unilateral- pertaining to one side of the bodyBilateral- pertaining to both sides of the body.Ipsilateral- movement of both upper and lower extremities on the same side.Contralateral-movement of opposite upper and lower body extremities.