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Exercise Science / Sports Medicine S2O1abc.  Anatomical Position – Standing upright, feet together or slightly apart, arms hanging but not touching the.

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Presentation on theme: "Exercise Science / Sports Medicine S2O1abc.  Anatomical Position – Standing upright, feet together or slightly apart, arms hanging but not touching the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Exercise Science / Sports Medicine S2O1abc

2  Anatomical Position – Standing upright, feet together or slightly apart, arms hanging but not touching the sides, with palms forward and thumbs pointing out. Why? The anatomical position is important because it’s the reference for all directional and movement terms.

3  Sagittal Plane(s): Divide the body into right and left segments.  Cardinal Plane: Divides the body into equal and portions.  Midsagittal Plane: Cardinal Sagittal Plane

4  Coronal / Frontal Plane(s)- Divide the body into front and back segments.

5  Transverse / horizontal Plane(s)- Divides the Body into top and bottom segments.

6  Center of Mass / Center of Gravity – The point at which all three cardinal planes intersect.

7  Inferior-Refers to a structure being closer to the feet or lower than another structure in the body  Superior-Refers to a structure being closer to the head or higher than another structure in the body

8  Anterior-Refers to a structure being more in front than another structure in the body  Posterior-Refers to a structure being more in back than another structure in the body

9  Medial-Refers to a structure being closer to the midline or median plane of the body than another structure of the body  Lateral-Refers to a structure being farther away from the midline than another structure of the body

10 Distal- (Reference to the extremities only)  Refers to a structure being further away from the root or attachment of the limb than another structure in the limb Proximal- (Reference to the extremities only)  Refers to a structure being closer to the root of the limb than another structure in that limb

11  Superficial-Refers to a structure being closer to the surface of the body than another structure  Deep-Refers to a structure being closer to the core of the body than another structure

12  Ventral-Towards the front or belly  Dorsal- Towards the back

13  Prone-Lying face down  Supine-Lying face up

14  Unilateral- pertaining to one side of the body  Bilateral- pertaining to both sides of the body.  Ipsilateral- movement of both upper and lower extremities on the same side.  Contralateral-movement of opposite upper and lower body extremities.

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