Presentation on theme: "20 Tricky Word Usages “It is of interest to note that while some dolphins are reported to have learned English -- up to fifty words used in correct context."— Presentation transcript:
1 20 Tricky Word Usages“It is of interest to note that while some dolphins are reported to have learned English -- up to fifty words used in correct context -- no human being has been reported to have learned dolphinese.”~Carl Sagan ( )
2 all ready vs. alreadyall ready – pronoun (all) + adjective modifier (ready)They were all ready to go dancing.already – an adverb denoting timeThe pie was already baked.
3 all together vs. altogether all together – gathered in a groupThe Write Place staff were all together suffering through another PowerPoint.Altogether – adverb meaning “completely”The PowerPoint presentation was altogether mind-numbing.
4 allude vs. elude allude – make a quick reference to In demonstrating the Write Place culture, he alluded to the finger puppets in the Bistro.Elude – to evade or avoid“I eluded Carol by hiding in the bathroom,” said Jake.
5 alternately vs. alternatively alternately – adverb denoting time, meaning “by turns”When making mayonnaise, add oil and lemon juice alternately.Alternatively – adverb denoting “by way of an alternative”You can create a handout or, alternatively, you can wash the coffee cups.
6 amoral vs. immoralamoral – an amoral person, action, or thing is one for which the whole concept of morality is foreign or irrelevantThe sociopathic murderer is amoral. OR A devastating hurricane is amoral.immoral – doesn’t measure up to cultural standards of moralityUnmarried women who had children used to be thought of as immoral. Or Cutting down the 200 year-old oak in the center of town is an immoral action.
7 angry at vs angry with angry at – pertains to situations I am angry at the way I was treated at the Dept. of Public Safety.angry with – pertains to peopleI am angry with my younger sister for plagiarizing my paper.
8 ante- vs. anti- ante – before anti against, contrary to An antecedent is the noun which comes before the pronoun that represents it. For example; John had better put the beer back in the cooler, if he wants it to stay cold.anti against, contrary toI use anti-freeze in my car in the winter.
9 ascent vs. assent ascent – climb It was a steep ascent to the top of Enger TowerAssent – agree or agreement (either verb or noun)She will assent to re-funding the Write Place OR She gave her assent when asked to re-fund the Write Place.
10 censor vs. censurecensor – to cut out or prevent something offensive from appearingThe government censored parts of the soldiers’ letters to keep information about military action out of the hands of the enemy.censure – to condemnThe Governor was censured for using public funds to help build his vacation home.
11 complacent vs. complaisant vs. compliant complacent – self-satisfiedHis complacency in the middle of the mess he created caused him to be defeated in the last election.complaisant – doing what one can to please othersChris was consistently complaisant in his dealings with clients at the reception desk.compliant – doing what your are told whether it pleases you or notShe was compliant when asked to re-do the report, even though she fumed inside.
12 continual vs. continuous continual – keeps coming back, keeps repeatingI get so frustrated at the continual auto-format generated typos in my Facebook posts.continuous – never goes away, goes on and onInterstate90 is a continuous, straight and boring route across South Dakota, rarely broken by a hill or curve.
13 differ from vs. differ with differ from – to be different fromThe last tutorial greatly differed from this one.differ with – to disagreeI differed with my father over the value of his old Ford Fairlane.
14 discreet vs. discrete discreet – to be tactful and to keep secrets Julie was discreet when her roommate’s boss called to ask why she didn’t come to work.Discrete - to be separate fromLinguistics and rhetoric are discrete disciplines.
15 disinterested vs. uninterested disinterested – impartial, no vested interestShe was a disinterested observer, which made her analysis credible.Uninterested – not interestedThe client acted as though he was uninterested in his own essay.
16 farther vs. further farther – used when referring to physical space It is farther to Las Vegas than to Missoula.further – other non-physical distanceI want you to take that argument further. Push the envelope.
17 flaunt vs. flout flaunt – to make a show of He flaunted his wealth by parking his Lamborghini right in front of the Write Place.Flout – to scoff at or mockThe students flout the noise ordinance on the south side every weekend.
18 incredible vs. incredulous incredible – unbelievable, fantasticThe Minnesota Lynx have been incredible this season.incredulous – unbelieving, doubtingWhen I told her I’d never had a speeding ticket, she looked at me incredulously.
19 ingenious vs. ingenuous ingenious – clever, inventiveToni Morrison’s plot lines are ingenious as well as meticulously crafted.ingenuous – innocentEven though he was guilty as sin, his ingenuous expression convinced others he had nothing to do with the mess.
20 temerity vs. timidity temerity – foolhardy boldness or chance-taking His temerity was once again demonstrated when he dove off the cliff without checking to see how deep the water was.timidity – fearfully cautiousThe great Dane’s timidity when faced with the aggressive toy poodle was hysterically funny.