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Do Now  Using what we know from Early Humans, what are areas where people will begin to settle. Describe a location that would meet all the needs of a.

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Presentation on theme: "Do Now  Using what we know from Early Humans, what are areas where people will begin to settle. Describe a location that would meet all the needs of a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Do Now  Using what we know from Early Humans, what are areas where people will begin to settle. Describe a location that would meet all the needs of a settlement (4-5 sentences) 7L Title: intro to Mesopotamia

2 Language of the Discipline  Civilization:  the condition that exists when people have developed effective ways of organizing a society and care about art, science, etc.  Tigris River:  The Eastern river in ancient Mesopotamia  Euphrates River:  The Western river in ancient Mesopotamia

3 Mesopotamia Video  We are now going to watch the Mesopotamia video. Watch carefully for the mention of the new vocabulary words:  civilization, Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and irrigation

4 MESOPOTAMIA  Means “the Land Between the rivers”

5 The Fertile Crescent  In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile. There is seasonal rain.  In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. There is very little rainfall. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.  Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water.

6 The Tigris River:  The Tigris was the eastern of the two rivers  It flows from a source deep in the Armenian mountains all the way to the Persian Gulf, about 1,200 miles.  Located in present day Iraq, Turkey and Syria

7 Euphrates River  The Euphrates was the western of the two rivers  It flows from a source deep in the Armenian mountains all the way to the Persian Gulf, almost 1,800 miles.

8 The Fertile Crescent

9 Tigris and Euphrates Rivers  Both rivers were the lifeblood of Mesopotamian civilizations, giving the Sumerians water and a vehicle for their trade and defense.  Waters from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers helped Sumerian farmers grow enough crops to feed towns and cities

10 Reflection  The soil was good for farming because of  yearly flooding.  How would this help the development of a civilization and help the Sumerians to prosper?

11 Map of Mesopotamia  Together we are going to create our first map!  You need to make sure to color and label everything.  Today we will do it together but from now on you will do it on your own!

12 Map of Mesopotamia  Tigris River  Euphrates River  Fertile Crescent  Mediterranean Sea  Red Sea  Egypt

13 Do Now:  Living next to a river was perfect for farming but as the Sumerian civilization grew people were forced to live farther and farther from the water.  How do you think they were able to still grow crops?  Where did they get the water from? 7L Continued

14 Language of the Discipline  Irrigation:  To deliver water to the land for farming, using canals or ditches.

15 Irrigation  As we have seen before, the people of Mesopotamia adapted to their environment and developed systems to help them to survive:  Irrigation: Waterways that would bring the important water into fields and farm areas farther from the banks of the rivers  We Still Use Irrigation today!!

16 Why is Irrigation Important?  Because water was able to flow through these irrigation channels  Irrigation channels allowed farmers to have water in areas that were once a barren desert  As the civilization grew, the irrigations system expanded to allow water to areas farter from the rivers

17 Agriculture in Mesopotamia  Because the land was so fertile, people began to rely even more on farming.  Irrigation brought water to dry areas  Silt: rich minerals which helped to fertilize the soil, making it rich in nutrients.  Crops prospered and life became more predictable

18 Sumerian Farming Manual  You are going to create a Mesopotamia Farming Manual with 6 steps. You must describe the step and how to do it properly along with a diagram or picture of what it would look like.  I will show you how to cut the paper and you will complete the rest in class or for homework if you do not finish

19 Sumerian Farming Manual 1. Local officials decide when to let water flow onto crops 2. Farmers let animals graze in soil to trample and eat weeds. 3. Farmers break up the soil using hand tools 4. Spread seeds and plow 5. Plant seeds 6. Harvest the plants

20 Do Now  How do you think irrigation is used today? How is our farming different or similar to the Ancient Mesopotamians?

21 How irrigation is used today   JqpYuY&feature=related JqpYuY&feature=related

22 Think about it  Reflection…Arizona is mostly a desert, yet it has a huge city, how do people survive and grow crops in the middle of a desert?

23 Finish Farming Manual  All pages need to be colored  It must be finished today!!

24 EXIT SLIP

25 QUESTION 1  What are the names of the two rivers that designed the borders for Mesopotamia? a) Tigris and Nile b) Tigris and Euphrates c) Nile River and the Red Sea d) Euphrates River and the Nile

26 QUESTION 2  In your own words, describe why the rivers were important in the success of Mesopotamia?  In other words, how did the two rivers help Mesopotamia grow and thrive?

27 QUESTION 3  Which was NOT a step in the farming process? a) Farmers let animals graze in soil to trample and eat weeds. b) Farmers break up the soil using hand tools c) Hire others to help on large farms d) Spread seeds and plow

28 QUESTION 4  Which was NOT benefit of irrigation a) Water flowing in the irrigation was cleaner b) Water was able to flow more easily c) It allowed farmers to have water in areas that were once a barren desert d) The irrigations system expanded to allow water to areas farter from the rivers

29 QUESTION 5  The Fertile Crescent got its name because… a) It rained so often the land was always lush and green b) Snow melting from the mountains watered the plants c) The irrigation system allowed farmers to water their plants d) The Tigris and Euphrates rivers often over- flowed making it very green but also swampy


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