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AP Human Geography Practice Test

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1 AP Human Geography Practice Test

2 1. The relationship between an object on the surface on Earth and the same object on a map projection is known as what? map class map projection map scale map distortion map direction Map scale is the direct relationship of the actual size of the item in relation to the size of the item on a particular map.

3 Different types of map scales






9 2. What economist was the first person to predict a population crisis?
Thomas Malthus Milton Friedman Stanley Ernhard Alfred Weber Homer Hoyt Malthus coined the term, “over population” -Believed that people grow exponentially but food is linear.

10 Food advances-population support

11 3. The hearth of contemporary country music is located around what city?
Houston, Texas Dallas, Texas Memphis, Tennessee Nashville, Tennessee Atlanta, Georgia

12 4. Which of the following countries is not one the Four Asian Tigers?
Singapore Taiwan South Korea Hong Kong Vietnam

13 5. Johann Heinrich von Thunen’s model agricultural land use is centered on what basic concept?
The farmers sell all of their farm productions to a market The higher-end commodities are located farther from the market The lighter commodities are closer to the market to ensure profitability The heavier commodities are around the market because they need irrigation e.) The market is based on subsistence farming practices in less developed countries

14 6. Weber’s least cost theory is based on what primary cost?
Labor Infrastructure Transportation Government Taxes Land Costs


16 What theory suggests that in an urban setting, the farther a neighborhood is from the central business district, the greater its wealth is? Sector model Same-size rule Multiple nuclei model Concentric zone model Urban periphery model


18 8. Which country has created special economic zones (SEZs) to attract investment?
Japan Vietnam South Korea China Thailand


20 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5
9. What stage in the demographic transition model has the highest growth rates? Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5

21 10. What type of survey pattern was initiated by the French in the United States and is still evident in the Louisiana region of the United States of today? long lots system township and range system metes and bounds system nucleated town system concentric urban framework



24 11. What is the name of the supranational organization established in 1960 to control the trade of petroleum production by its members? NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries European Union PRA (Pacific Rim Alliances) CENTO (Central Treaty Organization)

25 12. Because of the signing of NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement), there has been an increase in Transnational corporations Footloose industries Maquiladoras Sweatshop industries International migration in North America


27 13. Which religion is the largest universalizing religion in the world today?
Christianity Islam Buddhism Judaism Hinduism

28 14. Which of the following is the best example of a nation-state?
Romania Vietnam Argentina Zimbabwe Denmark

29 15. Which of the following is the name for refusing to give loans to people living in specific areas of the city? Blockbusting White flight Segregation Ghettoization Redlining

30 16. Edge cities would most likely be associated with which urban model?
Concentric zone model Sector model Peripheral model Multiple nuclei model Central business district model

31 17. What country has the largest coal reserves in the world?
China United States Russia Canada Mexico

32 18. Farming today in more developed countries is in a transition period. What transition is occurring? The movement toward mechanization in the farming process The movement toward industrial farming The movement from hunting and gathering to planting and sustaining The movement of population to rural areas The use of less genetic engineering to modify plants and animals

33 19. A retired couple moves from Chicago to Arizona
19. A retired couple moves from Chicago to Arizona. This is most likely an example of what geographic factor? Economic pull factor Economic push factor Environmental pull factor Political pull factor Political push factor

34 20. Which religion is the fastest growing of the world’s five primary religions?
Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Buddhism

35 21. What is the name of the theory that suggest that whoever owns the Eastern European region will or could control the world, based on the agricultural and industrial production of the region? Rimland theory Heartland theory Domino theory Transnational theory Geopolitical theory

36 22. A family is moving from Los Angeles, California, to New Orleans, Louisiana, but stays in Albuquerque, New Mexico, because of the positive amenities. This is an example of what? Distance decay Environmental pull factor Environmental push factor Intervening opportunity Intervening obstacle

37 23. According to acculturation, how many generations on average does it take for an immigrant family to lose its primary language? One generation two generations Three generations Four generations They never lose their primary language

38 24. Prior to the First Agricultural Revolution, what were humans doing for food?
Fishing Planting crops Hunting and gathering Genetically engineering food for mass production Purchasing it in small, food-specific establishments

39 25. The delivery area of the Pittsburgh Gazette is an example of what type of region?
Functional region Formal region Vernacular region Statistical region Urban realm

40 26. The conflict in Rwanda and Uganda in the mid-1990s is an example of a(n)
Religious conflict Ethnic conflict Transnational conflict Ethnic enclave Border conflict

41 27. Which of the following cities is a primate city in its country?
London, United Kingdom Venice, Italy Frankfurt, Germany Aarhus, Denmark Medellin, Columbia

42 28. Which of the following demographic data has the greatest impact on growth rates?
Birth rates Literacy rate Per capita gross domestic product Immigration rates Life expectancy

43 29. Followers of which religion practice the five pillars in their faith?
Buddhism Sikhism Hinduism Judaism Islam

44 30. Which of the following countries is an enclave?
United States Indonesia Lesotho Egypt Morocco

45 31. The Second Agricultural Revolution coincided with
Increased genetic engineering of crops The Industrial Revolution The First Agricultural Revolution The Third Agricultural Revolution The Enlightenment in Europe

46 32. In terms of today’s global economy, which area would be considered the resource frontier of the world? East Asia Southwest Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Central and Western Europe Eastern South America

47 33. Which of the following traits fits the definition of an Islamic city?
Twisted streets to maximize shade Areas devoted to Western development Squatter areas within the central business districts Global cities without population problems due to religious values

48 34. Which of these five regions is not one of the most populated areas of the world?
East Asia Southeast Asia Central Europe South America Northeastern United States

49 35. What two areas are the hearths of the world’s five primary religions?
Southern India and Eastern China Southwest Asia and Northern Africa Central Europe and Southwest Asia Northern India and Southwest Asia Eastern China and Southern Europe

50 36. The pessimistic viewpoint about a lack of economic development in certain locations on the globe can be attributed to their lack of Infrastructure Physical features such as rivers Labor availability Foreign investment Modern technology

51 37. Thailand is the best example of which type of political shape?
Compact Perforated Prorupted Elongated Fragmented

52 38. Which of the five means of transportation would fruit production in South America for market in the United States need to use? Inland waterways Overland trucks Airplanes Pipelines Rail transport

53 39. The 12th Congressional District’s boundaries in North Carolina were accused of using what tactic for political gain? Gerrymandering Reapportionment Census stacking Blockbusting Redlining

54 40. What is the primary type of farming done in the tropical regions of Brazil?
Commercial agriculture Slash-and-burn agriculture Intensive subsistence agriculture Truck farming Irrigated fruit farming

55 41. Southeast Asian cities have promoted economic growth through what primary means?
Western transportation systems Eastern religions Western investment and trade Eastern design layouts Western cultural integration with Eastern theology

56 42. The area around the sub-Saharan agricultural regions is being adversely affected by what environmental problem? Global warming Desertification El Niño Increased earthquake activity Transhumance

57 43. The Mongolian region during the 1940s through the 1990s can be defined as a
Theocracy Regional conflict Subsistence agricultural land Nation-state Shatterbelt

58 44. Which of the following is the best example of folk culture?
Eating at McDonald’s Wearing blue jeans Producing rocking chairs using traditional means Listening to your MP3 player Creating Web pages

59 45. What city were the concentric zone and the sector model modeled after in the early 1900s?
New York City Los Angeles Philadelphia Boston Chicago

60 46. If a country has a crude birth rate of 40 and a crude death rate of 21, what stage is it in according to the demographic transition model? Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5

61 47. What percentage of the world’s languages are expected to be intact within the next hundred years? 10 percent 20 percent 50 percent 75 percent 90 percent

62 48. The Gobi Desert in Mongolia uses what primary form of agriculture?
Truck farming Slash-and-burn farming Plantation agriculture Commercial agriculture Pastoral nomadism

63 49. Which continent uses nuclear power for a greater percentage of its total power output that any other continent? North America South America Europe Asia Africa

64 50. Central Park in New York City is a good example of
A symbolic landscape A greenbelt A festival landscape Urban development An ethnic landscape

65 51. Around a local university, there are pizza restaurants, fast-food restaurants, and coffee shops. This type of development is best characterized by the Sector model Multiple nuclei model Peripheral model Western U.S. city models Concentric zone model

66 52. The dominance of corn production in the United States correlates with what other agricultural practice? Cattle production Irrigated farmland Dairy production Market gardening activities Pastoral nomadism

67 53. The Unites States and many other more developed countries rely on what natural resources for the majority of their electricity production? Petroleum Coal Natural gas Uranium Nuclear power

68 54. Which of the following religions is a monotheistic religion?
Hinduism Shintoism Animism Judaism Buddhism

69 55. The 38th parallel in Korea is an example of a(n)
Demarcation line on the landscape Antecedent boundary between two countries Superimposed boundary created by outside forces Geometric boundary dominated by the mountains in the area Subsequent boundary established by China

70 56. A population pyramid looks like an upside-down triangle
56. A population pyramid looks like an upside-down triangle. This area has a large percentage of Immigrants Parents Youth Women Elderly people

71 57. Who first coined the term geography?
Plato Aristotle Zheng He Socrates Eratosthenes

72 58. A fad is started by a television personality of wearing shorts with a shirt and tie. The trend spreads throughout the United States. This is an example of what type of diffusion? Expansion Contagious Stimulus Relocation Hierarchical

73 59. Which area of the world is currently experiencing the most rapid population growth?
Eastern North America Central Europe Sub-Saharan Africa Central Asia South America

74 60. Which source of modern vegetative agriculture developed cotton as a primary agricultural product? Northeastern Africa Southeast Asia Mediterranean Europe Central America East Asia

75 61. “The individual characteristics of a place that make it unique” defines which of the following terms most accurately? Adaptive strategies Built environments Folk culture Popular culture Acculturation

76 62. Which of the following cities would be classified as a world city?
Shanghai Madrid London Los Angeles Buenos Aires

77 63. A city is located on a river that is prone to flooding yet provides a trade advantages that bring measurable wealth to the city. Which statement would best fit that city The city has a good site yet a poor situation The city has a good situation yet a poor site The city has trade advantages that outweigh the advantages The city should relocate because of the flooding problem

78 64. The majority of the entrants into the United Nations, a supranational organization , came from where during the 1960s? Europe South America Pacific Islands Africa Central Asia

79 65. Which statement would best fit a European city?
European cities have large areas of squatter settlements European cities have their skyscrapers located in the suburbs European cities have few forms of public transportation European cities have heavy pollution problems European cities have the poor living closes to their central business districts

80 66. Potato chip production is a good example of what?
a.) a variable cost industry b.) a fixed cost industry c.) a weight-gaining industry d.) a weight reducing industry e.) a market dependent industry

81 67. The largest territory in the world in terms of population is?
a.) Solomon Islands b.) Falkland Islands c.) Aruba d.) Puerto Rico e.) Greenland

82 68. Which is the world’s primary lingua franca language?
a.) Mandarin Chinese b.) Russian c.) English d.) Spanish e.) Hindi

83 69. The S-curve is most often associated with what geographic factor?
a.) World population growth over time b.) immigration rates over time c.) economic development over time d.) cultural adaptation of ethnic groups over time e.) the stability of countries’ governments over time

84 70. Which crop has been credited with beginning the Third Industrial Revolution?
a.) Corn b.) Rice c.) Wheat d.) Sorghum e.) Barley

85 a.) subsistence agriculture
71. The greatest percentage of people in the world participate in which type of agriculture? a.) subsistence agriculture b.) highly mechanized commercial farming c.) pastoral nomadism d.) hired help on plantation agricultural farms e.) slash-and-burn agriculture

86 72. Which of the following terms is NOT associated with the Hindu religion?
a.) Brahma b.) Caste System c.) Shiva d.) Vishnu e.) Mecca

87 73. Which of the following best describes the urban hierarchy of settlements?
a.) Hamlet, village, town, city, metropolis b.) Hamlet, town, city, metropolis, megalopolis c.)Megalopolis, metropolis, village, town, hamlet d.) Village, town, hamlet, metropolis, megalopolis e.)Town, hamlet, village, metropolis, megalopolis

88 74. Los Angeles receives goods from Asia via ships
74. Los Angeles receives goods from Asia via ships. In the ports, the goods are put on trains for distribution around the United States. Los Angeles is a a.)break-of-bulk point b.)variable-trading partner c.) entrepot d.) fixed- cost provider e.) trade alternative partner

89 b.) Antecedent boundary
75. The border between the United States and Canada along the 49th parallel is a good example of what type of boundary? a.) Subsequent boundary b.) Antecedent boundary c.) Superimposed boundary d.) Relic boundary e.) Demarcation boundary line

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