Confucius Emphasized personal and governmental morality, proper social relationships, justice and honor to make the world a better place.
Confucianism "A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.“ "When prosperity comes, do not use all of it." "Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.“ “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself” (Golden Rule)
Daoism (Taoism) Began with the teachings of Laozi Way of living – keep things in balance (Yin and Yang) Living in harmony with nature and mankind. Approach life with simplicity and care to your world
Legalism Created by Hanfeizi who thought that humans were naturally evil and needed laws to control their behavior Felt that government needed harsh written laws to obtain proper obedience Only through this could society gain peace!!
I. Emperor Qin A.Based his ideas on Legalism and ordered the death of anyone who opposed him = very strict and cruel B.Created one currency, standardized weights and measurements and ordered the building of roads and canals C.Built Great Wall and Terracotta Warriors D.Probably died looking for everlasting life and people rebelled soon after his death
II.Silk Road (Gray) A.Many people needed to have lots of money if the goods came from China because it traveled a long distance. B.The silk road streched from China to the Med. Sea (and then could go all over Europe from there by ship) C.A major rest stop and trading center was the cities of Kasgar and Baghdad D.Things that were traded included glass, silk and spices E.The farther the good traveled from “home”, the more expensive it became along the silk road F.Travelers learned about other cultures and traditions when traveling along the road. When you trade goods, you also trade ideas! G.This road was very dangerous because of robbers and the conditions of the environment H.The merchants would only travel short distances and then would sell their goods for a profit instead of traveling the full 7000 miles. I.The silk road was not really a road at all! It was a land or sea path to get goods from Europe to China (or reverse) J.Groups of merchants usually traveled in a caravan when crossing the desert. Camals were usually used for this trip.
II.Silk Road (Pink) A.On the silk road they traded silk and spices and the price went up the farther you went from China. B.Chinese people made silk out of a egg and then wove it into wonderful silk. They did not have the variety we enjoy today however. C.Silk road had difficult conditions. They had to travel through desert, avoid robbers and was over 7,000 miles long. D.Caravans were used in the desert for trade of goods. Camels were used as well. E.Kashgar was a popular reststop for travelers F.While selling silk, they also traded ideas! “When you trade goods you also trade ideas!” G.Eventually European monks stole the silk from the Chinese. The monks put the silkworms in canes. This caused the price of silk to drop in Europe.
II.Silk Road (Blue) A. Traveling on the silk road was dangerous because of the bandits stole and killed many merchants and weather conditions could be very bad (traveled in caravans) B.China was the first place to develop things such as silk and spices and paper. Nobody knew how to make silk for about 1000 years! C.7000 miles long but most merchants did not travel the entire “road”. They traveled only part way before selling their goods D.Along the way you could find out about new things like religion – “When you trade goods, you also trade ideas! Goods and ideas traveled in both directions. E.As you traveled farther from China, the price of the goods increased. The silk roads were not really roads but paths and merchants carried these goods to make a profit F.In Baghdad, you could find any goods from all over the world. It was a major place of trade
II.Silk Road (Teal) A.The silk road was not a really a road! It was a path for goods to be traded and could be on land or water. It stretched from China to Europe. B.Traders on the silk road were often robbed or killed on the way to other places. Artisans made the products but merchants sold them. C.They traveled in a caravan which is a long straight line. They needed to trust the leader in order to not get lost on the way. D.The farther goods traveled, the more the price increased. E.When you buy something cheap, you attempt to sell it for a profit in another place. F.In Baghdad, you could find anything from the AW. G.The city of Tyre was important because it could now be put on a ship and reach anywhere in Europe! H.Hardly anyone traveled the entire trip – they would all just travel short distances and back. Usually this would be the same route their entire lives I.This road not only traded good but also allowed ideas to spread or flow from one land to another. “When you trade goods you also trade ideas”