3Essential QuestionsHow did industrialization change life in the cities?What factors attributed to bad living conditions for the poor?How did political machines influence city life positively and negatively?Who is responsible for helping those who can’t help themselves?
4Growth of American Cities Industries Set Up Their Factories in CitiesCities Offered Good Transportation & Plenty of WorkersUrbanization – The Growth of Cities
6Growth of the CitiesMillions of People Migrated (Moved) to American CitiesMillions of Immigrants Came for Jobs!Many Struggling Farmers Moved to Cities for Jobs
7Technology Helps Cities to Grow Skyscrapers:Helped Millions of People to Live in CitesBessemer Steel Process Made it Cheaper to Make Steel (7x Cheaper!)Steel Was Used to Build Skyscrapers!Very Sturdy! (9/11)Buildings Could Now Be Built Higher & Hold More People
9Technology Helps Cities to Grow Laying on the Couch, Honk – HonkElevators (1889) Otis Elevator Company Created the 1st ElevatorAll Buildings Used to be Built NO Higher Than 4 FloorsWTC Had 110 Floors
10Streetcars/Subways Streetcars Improved Transportation in Cities: People Use to Walk & Or Ride Horses/WagonsHow Long Would It Take to Walk From the East to the West Side of NYC?Richmond, Virginia Was the 1st City Ever to Have Streetcars!Chicago Built Subways Above Ground (The “EL”) & NYC Built Subways Underground
11Streetcars Expand Cities Streetcars/Subways/ Trains Allowed for Cities to ExpandPeople Could Live Farther & Farther Away from CitiesSuburbs Emerged:ValhallaMore People Commuted to the Cities for Work & Entertainment
12Tenements Tenements Were Overcrowded Apartments (Run-Down) Millions of People Moved into Cities to Find Jobs!Workers Earned Less Than $10 a Week:Not Enough $$$ to Pay For Rent!Moved in with Other Families in Tenements!
13Dangerous Living Conditions! Tenements Were Extremely Dangerous to Live In:Old BuildingsLandlord NeglectPoor DesignLittle Government ControlLed to Poor Living Conditions!
15Poor Conditions of Tenements Major Problems Living in Tenements:Overcrowded (Families Shared Apartments)No Garbage Pick UpDumped Garbage into Narrow AlleysNo Fresh AirNo Running WaterSewage Flowed in Open Gutters (Spread Disease)
22Slums Neighborhoods Full of Tenements & Poverty Most Notorious Slum was the Lower East Side of ManhattanIrony Today?
23The Social Gospel Movement A Movement For Improving the Lives of the Urban PoorStarted by Protestant Churches2 Major Goals:End Child LaborOpen Up Settlement Houses for the Poor
24Settlement HousesSettlement Houses Helped the Poor Improve Their Lives:Provided DaycareAllowed Parents to WorkProvided EducationTaught English Classes to ImmigrantsOffered Health Care to the PoorMost Famous Settlement House was the Hull House
25Jane Addams Jane Addams is the Founder of the HULL HOUSE! Dedicated Her Life to Helping the PoorThe Hull House is the Most Famous Settlement HouseFounded in Chicago, 1889
32Jane Addams Also Fought For Women’s Rights as Workers (Equal Pay) Fought Against Child LaborWorked to Improve Housing Laws & Public Health LawsWas Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931
33Essential QuestionsHow did industrialization change life in the cities?What factors attributed to bad living conditions for the poor?How did political machines influence city life positively and negatively?Who is responsible for helping those who can’t help themselves?