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“Inferno” from The Divine Comedy The Divine ComedyThe Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri.

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Presentation on theme: "“Inferno” from The Divine Comedy The Divine ComedyThe Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri."— Presentation transcript:

1 “Inferno” from The Divine Comedy The Divine ComedyThe Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri

2 Dante Alighieri Dante Alighieri Florence, Italy Florence, Italy Poet and Elected official Poet and Elected official He fell in love with Beatrice, there was a misunderstanding, and she died  He fell in love with Beatrice, there was a misunderstanding, and she died  –Dante felt horrible—never forgot her Writings inspired by political unrest: Civil war--Florence 3 times!!! Writings inspired by political unrest: Civil war--Florence 3 times!!! STRONGLY opposed pope and church mixing with politics STRONGLY opposed pope and church mixing with politics 1301, while he was away from Florence on business, his political enemies seized power and sentenced him to die so he lived in exile for the rest of his life 1301, while he was away from Florence on business, his political enemies seized power and sentenced him to die so he lived in exile for the rest of his life

3 AGAIN…the hero’s journey The Divine Comedy tells of an imaginary journey that takes Dante through a journey that is symbolic of the spiritual quest for salvation The Divine Comedy tells of an imaginary journey that takes Dante through a journey that is symbolic of the spiritual quest for salvationDivine Comedy Divine Comedy –Hell  Recognizing Sin –Purgatory  Awaiting Redemption –Paradise  Achieving Salvation through divine revelation (Seeing the light of God in Paradise)

4 The Divine Comedy Contains 100 cantos (chapters) because 10 is the square root of 100, considered to be a “perfect number” in Middle Ages Contains 100 cantos (chapters) because 10 is the square root of 100, considered to be a “perfect number” in Middle Ages Introduction and 3 sections of 33 cantos each Introduction and 3 sections of 33 cantos each Written in vernacular (Italian) instead of Latin (used for most serious literature at the time) Written in vernacular (Italian) instead of Latin (used for most serious literature at the time) Possibly contributed to decline of Latin in Europe Possibly contributed to decline of Latin in Europe

5 3-3-3: What’s the deal? Christian Trinity: Union of 3 divine figures in 1 God Christian Trinity: Union of 3 divine figures in 1 God –Father –Son –Holy Spirit Poem’s 3 parts: Poem’s 3 parts: –Inferno (Hell) –Purgatorio (Purgatory) –Paradiso (Paradise)

6 Magic Number is...3 Dante’s spiritual journey takes place over 3 days, beginning in Hell on Good Friday, the day of Christ’s crucifixion, and ending symbolically in Paradise on Easter Sunday Dante’s spiritual journey takes place over 3 days, beginning in Hell on Good Friday, the day of Christ’s crucifixion, and ending symbolically in Paradise on Easter Sunday Entire action takes place under the guidance of 3 women: Entire action takes place under the guidance of 3 women: –Virgin Mary  Mother of Jesus –Saint Lucia  Dante’s patron saint –Beatrice  lost childhood love

7 The Role of Virgil Virgil, a famous Roman poet who Virgil, a famous Roman poet who wrote the history of Rome, and died 19 years before the birth of Jesus Sooooo……….even though Dante thinks Virgil and many other B.C. people were virtuous and brilliant, he still believes that they will be in Hell because they were not baptized Sooooo……….even though Dante thinks Virgil and many other B.C. people were virtuous and brilliant, he still believes that they will be in Hell because they were not baptized For Dante, Virgil is the ultimate symbol of what human reason can achieve without faith, but without faith, he believed one could not grasp the truth of Paradise For Dante, Virgil is the ultimate symbol of what human reason can achieve without faith, but without faith, he believed one could not grasp the truth of Paradise

8 Beatrice—Dante’s Spiritual Guide Symbol of Love and Faith Symbol of Love and Faith Sends Virgil to guide Dante through Hell and Purgatory Sends Virgil to guide Dante through Hell and Purgatory Dante’s journey is supposed to turn him from error/sin  truth and grace Dante’s journey is supposed to turn him from error/sin  truth and grace

9 Allegory A work in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract or moral concepts A work in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract or moral concepts Can be read on more than one level Can be read on more than one level Example: Ovid’s “The Four Ages” is sometimes read as an allegory for the decline of civilization Example: Ovid’s “The Four Ages” is sometimes read as an allegory for the decline of civilization

10 Background of our Excerpt Comes from the first part— Inferno Comes from the first part— Inferno Dante travels through the 9 levels of Hell, descending slowly farther and farther away from God until he ultimately meets Satan Dante travels through the 9 levels of Hell, descending slowly farther and farther away from God until he ultimately meets Satan levels of HellSatan levels of HellSatan At each level, Dante meets suffering souls tormented for eternity in ways that fit the sins they committed while alive At each level, Dante meets suffering souls tormented for eternity in ways that fit the sins they committed while alive

11 Layers of Hell Dark Wood Gate of Hell 1 (Limbo)

12 2 LUST 2 LUST Francesca da Rimini and Paolo Malatesta

13 3 Gluttony

14 4 Avarice, Pride, and Envy 4 Avarice, Pride, and Envy

15 5 Wrath and Sullenness Expressed and unexpressed anger Expressed and unexpressed anger

16 6 Heresy the denial of the soul's immortality the denial of the soul's immortality

17 7 Violence Murder, Suicide, Blasphemy, Sodomy, and Usury

18 8 Pimping, Seducing, Flattery, Gaining profit from religious things, Sorcery, Political Corruption, Hypocrisy, Theft, Fraudulent Rhetoric, Divisiveness, Falsification 8 Pimping, Seducing, Flattery, Gaining profit from religious things, Sorcery, Political Corruption, Hypocrisy, Theft, Fraudulent Rhetoric, Divisiveness, Falsification

19 9 Treachery 9 Treachery Betrayal of those closest and most trusting

20 Dante’s Inferno has shaped our version of Hell. 9 th circle of Hell version of Hell version of Hell

21 So, since it’s a comedy, this is going to be hilarious, right? Comedy tends to have a few features: Comedy tends to have a few features: –Happy ending, especially marriage. –Less dignified characters –Language is often vernacular or low, rather than lofty.

22 The Divine Comedy.. Considered a comedy because: Considered a comedy because: –Begins in a dark, terrible place (Hell) and ends in a happy, joyous place (Paradise) –Less dignified characters  All characters in Hell!  Sinners in Hell  Virgil and other pagan virtuous people not baptized –Language vernacular (Italian) vs. lofty (Latin)

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