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Phase Changes. Review: 3 Phases of Matter Solid Liquid Gas.

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Presentation on theme: "Phase Changes. Review: 3 Phases of Matter Solid Liquid Gas."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phase Changes

2 Review: 3 Phases of Matter Solid Liquid Gas

3 What is a Phase Change?Phase Change Is a change from one state of matter (solid, liquid, gas) to another. Phase changes are physical changes because: - It only affects physical appearance, not chemical make-up. - Reversible

4 What happens during a phase change? During a phase change, heat energy is either absorbed or released. Heat energy is released as molecules slow down and move closer together. Heat energy is absorbed as molecules speed up and expand.

5 Types of Phase Changes

6 Melting Phase change from a solid to a liquid Molecules speed up, move farther apart, and absorb heat energy

7 Freezing Phase Change from a liquid to a solid Molecule slow down, move closer together and release heat energy.

8 Vaporization (Boiling) Phase change from a liquid to gas. It occurs at the boiling point of matter. Molecules speed up, move farther apart, and absorb heat energy.

9 Evaporation Phase change from a liquid to a gas on the surface of a liquid (occurs at all temperatures). Molecules speed up, move farther apart, and absorb heat energy.

10 Condensation Phase change from a gas to a liquid. Molecule slow down, move closer together and release heat energy.

11 Sublimation Phase change from a solid to a gas. Molecules speed up, move farther apart, and absorb heat energy.

12 Deposition Phase change from a gas to a solid. Molecules slow down, move closer together and release heat energy.

13 Graphing a Phase Change

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15 Melting & Boiling Points Melting Point: The temperature at which a solid changes into a liquid. Boiling Point: The temperature at which a liquid changes into a gas. What is a Freezing point? Compare the freezing and melting points of water.

16 Summary

17 Graphing a Phase Change – Why is there no change in temperature during a phase change? – Define melting and boiling points. – What is the melting point and boiling point of water? – At what temperature does water freeze and become a solid?


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