Presentation on theme: "Printmaking Landscapes During this project you will learn: Atmospheric perspective (how to draw a landscape correctly) The printmaking process (stamp,"— Presentation transcript:
Printmaking Landscapes During this project you will learn: Atmospheric perspective (how to draw a landscape correctly) The printmaking process (stamp, make multiple images)
Landscapes = a painting, drawing, or photograph that depicts outdoor scenery. What are some different landscapes you have seen before?
3 parts to any Landscape: Foreground The part closest to the viewer Middle ground The part between the foreground and background Background The part furthest away Can you find the 3 parts of the landscape in this painting?
Horizon Line = place where earth and sky meet
Atmospheric Perspective: = the illusion of depth on a flat surface; Less clarity the further away A “drawing trick” to help you show depth on a 2-D surface. Use these “rules” to make your drawings and paintings more realistic.
Ways that artists show perspective: – Overlapping (closer objects will be in front of things behind) – Placement (closer to horizon line) – Size (farther away = smaller) – Color (farther away = duller)
Overlapping closer objects are in front of things that are farther away
Placement The farther away it is, the closer to horizon line
Size farther away = appears smaller
Color farther away = duller color, less intense, fades
Examples of things to include in a landscape: trees, forest, bushes, flowers, rocks, mountains, roads/paths, bridge, pond, river, stream, animals, vehicles, house, farm, barn, garden, fence, buildings, streets…
Your landscape project: Choose your favorite place or a place you dream of going to. Find a good image of your place that includes a foreground, middle ground, background. A simple silhouette will work best (lots of details and textures will look too busy and confusing).
What is printmaking? Printmaking = the transferral of ink from a printing plate to paper; producing multiples of the same image * Notice the mirror image! Print comes out backwards!
History of printmaking: Started in China after the invention of paper (about 105 A.D.) The first relief stamps were cut seals and brands used to mark animals and prisoners as property. Clay tiles, metals and wood were the first “plates” made to transfer images and symbols. Medieval Christians used the printed image to spread their religion across the continent through sacred objects that the masses could utilize in daily religious practices. Printmaking has successfully developed into an equally aesthetic and commercial process due to its accessibility; the art of printmaking is alive and well today.
What are some things you can think of in today’s culture that are made using some form of printing?
IT IS HARD TO IMAGINE LIFE WITHOUT PRINTMAKING…. WHAT IF… printmaking was never invented? -No newspapers -No stamps, no zerox copiers or printers -No mass producing (food labels, t-shirts, posters) -no money -hand write everything over and over…
The first actual “prints,” however are from China, where early Buddhists used text and images printed on paper to disseminate religious ideas via the sutra or, text. The earliest known Chinese woodcut with both text and image, is the Diamond Sutra, pictured above
Printmaking Vocabulary: Relief printing = printing in which the ink is applied to the RAISED surface of a plate or block then pressed on to paper; like a stamp Printing plate = the surface that carries the design, then is inked to create a stamp Brayer = a hand roller used for applying ink to a surface What is the best part about printmaking? What do you have to remember about how your prints will turn out?
TWO parts to the project: 1.Coloring the background -Add color using markers, crayons, pastels, colored pencils, paints… anything! -Explore new techniques 2. Printing the landscape -be able to make several prints of the same image -you will use black ink so it appears as a silhouette
Examples of landscapes printed with black ink, notice the DIFFERENT textures
More black ink prints with textures Swirled sky – doesn’t always have to be realistic Bold silhouette with lined background
Unconventional Backgrounds Rule #1 : Try tools other than paintbrushes! Rule #2 : BE CREATVIE! Anything goes… Here are a few examples: Paper marblingSalt + watercolor Blow bubbles Bubble wrap
Prints with added color
A finished example Notice the SIMPLE SILHOUETTE with texture and color. The landscape design is printed with black ink and the background is painted.
Directions Pick your favorite place or a dream place you’d like to go. I choose a mountain top in Lucerne, Switzerland that I visited in 2008.
Good Landscape Silhouettes
Quiz grade: Draw a rough draft of your landscape inside your packet. Include foreground, middle ground, background. Create at least 2 different textures. Color the parts that will be printed black. The white areas are what you carve away. Show me your design for a quiz grade and to get your printing plate.
Start the printing plate: Show me your drawing to make sure everything looks good then I will give you a carving tool. Carefully carve away the parts of your design that you don’t want to be printed. Whatever you leave raised will be on your print. Remember it will turn out backwards, like a mirror. You can NOT repair mistakes!
Prepare the paper You will make at least 6 prints. They should all have different coloring techniques. You can color BEFORE you print (watercolor, acrylic, anything…) OR You can color AFTER you print (crayon, colored pencil, pastel, marker…) NOT PAINT! You can NOT PAINT AFTER you print because when the ink gets wet again it will bleed. Try the techniques listed in your packet, also create new ones of your own. Experiment! Try different colored paper, not just white.
Print! Only use black ink Will appear as a silhouette Roll brayer over your printing plate in all directions to ensure it is fully covered. Flip it over and press onto your background papers. Make at least 6 prints.
Finishing touches Once all your prints are done and colored, trim the edges. Choose your favorite 2- 6 to turn in. Include a grade sheet. Include a diagram of how you want it to be displayed. The best will be matted.