Presentation on theme: "Government/Civics Domain Seventh Grade Social Studies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Government/Civics Domain Seventh Grade Social Studies
2 Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federalSS7 – CG1a, CG4a, CG6a
3 In the Government/Economy Section of your notebook… Copy the information in RED from each of the following slides.You will glue the illustrations BELOW what you copy.
4 Example: China, Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam, North and South Korea UnitaryDefinition-Power is distributed from the national governments to the local governments. Here’s a hint-Remember the prefix Uni- means 1.Example: China, Japan, Indonesia, Vietnam, North and South Korea
5 Unitary-Illustration Ways Government Distributes Power Local govt.Local govt.National govt.Local govt.Local govt.
6 List of Unitary States People's Republic of China Costa Rica Côte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast TimorEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaList of Unitary StatesAfghanistanAlbaniaAbkhaziaAlgeriaAngolaArmeniaAzerbaijanBangladeshBelarusBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBotswanaBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChilePeople's Republicof ChinaColombiaCongo (Brazzaville)Congo (Kinshasa)Information site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
7 List of Unitary States Indonesia Japan Kuwait Eritrea Kyrgyzstan LaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMaldivesList of Unitary StatesEritreaEstoniaFijiFinlandFranceGabonThe GambiaGeorgiaGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndonesiaIranIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiInformation site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
8 List of Unitary States North Korea Romania Mali Rwanda Malta Saint LuciaSaint Vincent andthe GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSão Tomé and PríncipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaList of Unitary StatesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNorth KoreaNorwayOmanPalauPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarInformation site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
9 List of Unitary States South Korea Vietnam Zambia Slovenia Zimbabwe Solomon IslandsSouth AfricaSouth KoreaSpainSri LankaSurinameSwazilandSwedenSyriaRepublic of China (Taiwan)TajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited KingdomUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVietnamYemenInformation site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
10 ConfederationDefinition-Power is distributed from the local government to the national governmentExample:European Union-Each individual country has power and tells the E.U. what to do(Politics)
11 Confederation-Illustration Ways Government Distributes Power LocalGovt.LocalGovt.National govt.LocalGovt.LocalGovt.
12 List of Confederations- Today No countries today are a confederationEuropean Union and OPECHistoric confederationsSome have more the characteristics of a personal union, but they are still listed here because of their own self-styling.Crown of Aragon (1137–1716)Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (confederated personal union; 1447–1492, 1501–1569, (different governments, armies, treasuries, laws, territories with borders, citizenships; common monarch (Grand Duke of Lithuania and King of Poland), parliament (Sejm) and currency)Switzerland (1291–1848), officially the Swiss ConfederationRepublic of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands ( )Confederate Ireland ( )Information site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
13 Historic confederations New England Confederation (1643–1684)United States of America under the Articles of Confederation (1781–1789)Confederate States of America, (1861–1865)Aro Confederacy, ( ), in what is now Nigeria, Cameroon and Equatorial GuineaUnion of African States (1961–1963, Mali+Ghana+Guinea)Senegambia (1982–1989, Senegal+Gambia)Hanseatic LeagueUnited Provinces of New Granada (1810–1816 in what is now Colombia)Powhatan ConfederacyCarlist States in Spain (1872–1876)Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2006)Information site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
14 Historic confederations United Arab Republic (confederation de-facto; 1958–1961, Egypt+Syria; 1963, Egypt+Syria+Iraq)Arab Federation (confederation de-facto; 1958, (Iraq+Jordan)Federation of Arab Republics (confederation de-facto; 1972, Egypt+Syria+Libya)Arab Islamic Republic (confederation de-facto; 1974, Libya+Tunisia)Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1836–1839)Kalmar Union (confederated personal union; 1397–1523, Denmark+Sweden+Norway)Denmark-Norway (confederated personal union; 1536–1814)Sweden-Norway (confederated personal union; 1814–1905)Confederation of Central America (1842–1844, El Salvador+Guatemala+Honduras+Nicaragua)Information site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
15 Historic confederations Confederation of the Equator (1824) - located in Northeast Brazil.Pre-united Germany after the Holy Roman EmpireConfederation of the Rhine (1806–1813) had no head of state nor a governmentGerman Confederation (1815–1866)North German Confederation (1866–1871) Became the German Empire in 1871Fictional confederationsConfederacy of Independent Systems (Star Wars)Terran Confederation (Wing Commander)Terran Confederacy (StarCraft)Capellan Confederation (Battletech)Confederation of Planet Omega (animated series Once Upon a Time... SpaceInformation site- (This site has only been utilized to gather a list of countries that fall under a Unitary system. For a more extensive search we would suggest a research based site).
16 FederalDefinition-Power is shared between national and local governments.Example-India, South Africa, & United States(Washington D.C., Atlanta, GA, Bryan County, and Richmond Hill all control different things, one is not more powerful than the other)
17 Federal-Illustration Ways Government Distributes Power Local Govt.Local Govt.National Govt.Local Govt.Local Govt.
18 List of countries with Federal Governments (24) ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilCanadaComorosEthiopiaGermanyIndiaMalaysiaMexicoMicronesiaNigeriaPakistanRussiaSt. Kitts and NevisSouth AfricaSpainSwitzerlandUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States of AmericaVenezuelaCountries in Transition to FederalismIraqSudanCountries Considering a Federal SystemSri LankaInformation site-
19 Copy the information from the next slide on the bottom of your paper
20 Ways Government Distributes Power National government holds most of the powerLocal government hold most of the powerUnitaryFederalConfederationStrong national government/Weak local governmentStrong local government/Weak national governmentPower is shared between national and local governments
21 On a second sheet of paper Copy the information in RED from the following slides about autocracy, oligarchy, and democracy (including parliamentary and presidential)You will glue the illustrations BELOW what you copy.
22 Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.SS7 – CG1b, CG4b, CG6b
23 The citizen has no role in government. AutocracyDefinition-One person possesses unlimited power (dictator or monarchy). It is common and the oldest form of government.The citizen has no role in government.Example: Saudi Arabia
24 Autocracy-Illustration High ParticipationGovernment PowerCitizen ParticipationLow or No ParticipationAutocracy
25 The citizen has a small role. OligarchyDefinition-Government by a group that exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish purposes.The citizen has a small role.Example: China
26 Oligarchy-Illustration High ParticipationSelect Citizens’ ParticipationGeneral Citizens’ ParticipationGovernment PowerLow or no ParticipationOligarchy
27 How Governments Determine Citizen Participation Autocracy & OligarchySometimes claim they rule for the people.In reality, the people have very little say in both types of government.Examples- May hold elections with only one candidate or control the results in various ways.Examples- Even when these governments have a legislature or national assembly, they often only approve decisions made by the leaders.Remy, Richard C., United States Government- Democracy in Action (Columbus, OH: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill, 2006)
28 The citizen has a large role. Example: United States DemocracyDefinition-Government by the people. Citizens can vote and run for office. They generally enjoy many personal freedoms.The citizen has a large role.Example: United States
29 Democracy-Illustration High ParticipationGovernment PowerCitizen ParticipationLow or No ParticipationDemocracy
30 Compare & Contrast Various Forms of Government Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: Parliamentary & PresidentialSS7 – CG1c, CG4c, CG6c
31 Underneath democracy add these 2 types: Parliamentary DemocracyDefinition-Executive and legislative branches (usually called the Parliament) are combined.The leader is usually called Prime Minister, is chosen by the legislature, and can be fired.Remy, Richard C., United States Government- Democracy in Action (Columbus, OH: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill, 2006)Example: Great Britain, Israel
32 Presidential Democracy Definition – The executive and legislative branches are separate.The leader is called the President, is elected by the people, and cannot be fired (can be impeached if commits a crime)Example: United StatesRemy, Richard C., United States Government- Democracy in Action (Columbus, OH: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill, 2006)
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