Presentation on theme: "What is a sentence?. A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Ex. This gift is for you. Every sentence has two parts: Subject."— Presentation transcript:
What is a sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Ex. This gift is for you. Every sentence has two parts: Subject Predicate
Subject The subject tells who or what the sentence is about. Complete subject : My tutors are outstanding. Simple subject: Yvette is a tutor.
Predicate Complete predicate : words that tell what the subject is or does Verb : the key word of the complete predicate – also known as simple predicate Ex. The girl runs real fast.
Noun A noun is the name of a person, a place, a thing, or an idea. Computer Table Computer Table
Kinds of Nouns Proper Noun Mark Common Noun sun Abstract Noun love Collective Noun class
Plural Forms of Nouns Regular Plural Nouns Bus buses Student- students Irregular Plural Nouns Leaf leaves Child----- children Woman-- women City cities
Pronouns Kinds of Pronouns Subject Relative Object Interrogative Possessive Demonstrative Reflexive Intensive A pronoun is a word that is used in place of a noun.
Kinds of Pronouns SubjectObjectPossessive Possessive Adjectives Pronouns I Me My Mine You You Your Yours He Him His His She Her Hers Hers It It It Its We Us Our Ours You You Your Yours They Them Their Theirs
Kinds of Pronouns Reflexive Relative Interrogative Demonstrative Myself That WhoThis Yourself Which WhoseThat Himself Who WhatThese Herself Whom WhomThose Itself Whose Which Ourselves Yourselves Themselves
Kinds of Pronouns Indefinite AllAnother Any Anybody AnyoneAnything Both Each EitherEverybody Everyone Everything FewMany More Most Much Neither Nobody None No oneOne Other Several SomeSomebody Someone Something Such
Kinds of Verbs Action - Ex. Dive Linking - Ex. Am Helping or auxiliary - Ex. have, do, be
Verb Tenses Present Past Future Present Progressive Past Progressive Future Progressive Present Perfect Past Perfect Future Perfect
Adjective An adjective describes or modifies a noun or pronoun. Answers the questions: What kind? I like the long, green rectangle. Which one? I want that dress. How many? I see twelve circles.
Adverb A word that modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. Answers the questions : When? I will see you tomorrow. Where? The dog is outside. How? She worked happily. To what extent or degree? They swam deeper into the ocean. In what manner? Mary sang beautifully.
Prepositions A word that shows a relationship between a noun or pronoun and some other words in the sentence. Example: The students of this university are dynamic.
List of Prepositions Along Among Around As At Before Behind Below Beneath Beside Besides Between Beyond By Despite Down Except For From In Near
More Prepositions Of Off On Onto Out Outside Over Past Since Through Till To Toward Under Underneath Until Up Upon With Within Without
Compound Prepositions According to As of As well as Aside from Because of By means of In addition to In front of In place of In regard to In respect to In spite of Instead of On account of Out of Prior to
Conjunction A conjunction is used to join words or group of words Kinds of conjunctions Coordinating conjunctions Correlative conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions Conjunctive Adverbs
Coordinating Conjunctions A coordinating conjunction connects individual words or groups of words that perform the same function. Ex. I dance and sing. And But Or Nor For Yet
Correlative Conjunctions A correlative conjunction consists of two or more words that function together. Ex. Either Bill or Mary wrote the poem. Either...or Neither…nor Whether…or Not only…but (also) both…and
Subordinating Conjunctions Subordinating conjunctions introduce subordinate clauses, which are clauses that cannot stand by themselves as a complete thought. The subordinate conjunction connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause, which can stand by itself. Ex. We will go whale watching if we have time.
List of Subordinating Conjunctions After As As long as As soon as Before In order that So that That Since Until When Whenever While Time Purpose Time
List of Subordinating Conjunctions Manner As As if As though Because As Tha n CauseComparison
Subordinating Conjunctions of Condition AlthoughEven thoughThough As long asIfUnless Even ifProvided thatWhile
Conjunctive Adverbs A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that functions somewhat like a coordinating conjunction. Conjunctive adverbs usually connect independent clauses.
Conjunctive Adverbs A semicolon precedes the conjunctive adverb, and a comma usually follows it. Ex. I have to clean my room; therefore, I can’t go to the movies with you.
List of Conjunctive Adverbs Accordingly Also Besides Consequently Finally Furthermore However Indeed Instead Later Moreover Nevertheless Otherwise Still Therefore Thus
Interjection An interjection is a word that expresses strong feelings It is followed by an exclamation mark (!)
List of Common Interjections Really! Whoops! Good grief! Honestly! Good! Oh! What! Well! Sh! Ugh! Alas! Yes! Ahem! My! Please! No! Unbelievable! Congratulations! My goodness!