2In the laboratory of medical microbiology you will work with: Microscopes Olympus CX-31 that are quite new and quite expensiveMicroscopes Leica that are even newer and also expensiveThere are two microscopes on each working table. Do not work with demonstration microscopes (next to the whiteboard and at the working table) without being told by your teacher!It is important not to dammage any of them (neither the white ones, nor the black ones)In following slides, Olympus microscopes are described. The work with Leica microscopes is very simillar, only some details may be different
4Parts of microscope Olympus – 1: MacroscrewMicroscrew
5Parts of microscope Olympus – 1: Macroscrew: never use it when looking in the microscope! Only work with it when checking from the side that the obejective has a safe distance from your praparateMicroscrew: even the microscrew may me only used at checking the position from side, when objectiv is drawn down (). At drawing the objectiv up () it is possilble to look to the ocular.
6Parts of microscope Olympus – 2: OcularsOn-off switchLight regulator
7Parts of microscope Olympus – 2: Oculars do not need your care, do not try to clean them or to regulate them by any way. They are 10× magnifying.On-off switch: allways switch off your microscope after finishing work with it!Light regulator: usually you do not need to use it (rather use collector and condensor iris, see below)
8Parts of microscope Olympus – 3: Condensor irisCollector iris
9Parts of microscope Olympus – 3: Collector iris, condensor iris (shutter): the more power of the objective, the more light you need. Both irises should be used together to regulate the light. To the right – less light, to the left – more light. In condensor iris, it is also possible to set it so that the number on it corresponds to the number on the objective. (In Leica microscopes, there is even the magnification of the corresponding objective written on the iris)Less lightMore light
10Parts of microscope Olympus – 4: Revolver changing of objectivesCondensor reagulationPosition regulator
11Parts of microscope Olympus – 4: Condensor reagulation: do not use it at any circumstances!Position regulator is to „travel“ through your preparationRevolver changing of objectives:Use 100× magnifying immersion obejctive when observing stained preparations (Gram staining, Giemsa staining, Trichrom staining) and using immersion oilUse 4×, 10× or 40× magnifying non-immersion objectives when obesrving wet mounts (including results of Faust and Kato method in parasitology. No immersion oil is used when using these objectives!
12NEVER USE IMMERSION OIL WITH NON IMMERSION OBJECTIVES!!! Immersion oil useNEVER USE IMMERSION OIL WITH NON IMMERSION OBJECTIVES!!!When using immersion oil with immersion objective, it is necessary to clean the objective after use
13Cleaning the microscope After use of microscope, non-immersion objectives should be only cleaned when dirty. Immersion obectives should be allways cleaned by benzine („BENZÍN“) and soft gause. Do not use filtration paper squares for cleaning objectives! It should be only used for cleaning of microscopical table (= the flat part of the microscope, where your preparation is placed)
14Discarding/cleaning the preparations Preparations made by yourselves should be discarded after use to the disinfectant solutionPreparations already prepared at the start of the practical should be cleaned (see further) and placed back to the original Petri dish
15How to clean a preparation without destroying it Clean the preparation using „BENZÍN“ and filtration paper square from the underneath (bottom) side thoroughlyFrom upper side, do the same ONLY in areas where you see no visible preparationNever try to clean the preparation part of your slide. It is only possible to blot out excession of immersion oil using filtration paper (without moving the paper againts the slide!)
16What to do after work with microscopes Switch your microscope offClean the objective(s), if necessaryClean the microscopical table, if necessaryCover the microscope by dust jacketDiscard/clean yor preparation as described
17Main microscopical methods in medical microbiology Drying and fixationCoverslipImersion systemWet mountnoyesStained preparationsYou will learn the drying and fixation methods and all other techniques concerning preparing your preparation in first to practical sessions.
18Self-check that you understood properly There is a e-questionaire on „ROPOT“ part of IS MUNI. Fill it, please. Succesfull filling it is a condition for your work in the first practical session.
19We look forward to see you on the first practical sessions! Your teachers