Presentation on theme: "Qualitative Research: An Overview. Quantitative research Representative: Results are representative of some known universe Reliability: Results are the."— Presentation transcript:
Qualitative Research: An Overview
Quantitative research Representative: Results are representative of some known universe Reliability: Results are the result of standardized application; quality does not vary much by skills of researcher Replicability Socializing/ teaching questionnaire: forcing responses. One-shot interaction Speedy production
Example of quantitative question 55. Actualmente, ¿qué tan peligroso es cruzar la frontera, sin papeles? Muy peligroso1 Algo peligroso2 Poco peligroso3 Nada peligroso4 N/A8888 NS/NQR9999
Qualitative research High-quality data about a few cases Informal, conversational, naturalistic Partial insider Detail/ nuance Narrative Explanation of mechanisms Member’s meanings (emic over etic understandings) Emotion, subjectivity Potentially multiple interactions with subject
Examples of qualitative questions Hablando de su experiencia más reciente cruzando la frontera… –¿Con quién cruzó la frontera? –¿Cómo consiguió su coyote? –¿Cómo les fue en el viaje? –Con todo lo que conoce, y todo lo que le pasó, ¿volvería a hacerlo otra vez? ¿Por qué?
A research question best answered with quantitative data Do Tunkaseños who have lived in the United States for more than 5 years have higher rates of diabetes than Tunkaseños who have lived in the United States for fewer than 5 years?
A research question best answered with qualitative data Why do Tunkaseños who have lived in the United States for more than 5 years have higher rates of diabetes than Tunkaseños who have lived in the United States for fewer than 5 years?
MMFRP qualitative interviews Semi-structured interview guide for each group (~ 20 questions) Plan who you intend to interview: –Key informants; experts; ordinary people –Don’t be afraid to take advantage of opportunistic interactions; When possible, record with digital recorder You will transcribe recordings in San Diego and make the transcriptions available to the team Most qualitative interviews in second half of fieldwork
Conclusion Quantitative and qualitative research offer very different modes of thought The best approach to take depends on the question being answered In your final analysis, you can combine both quantitative and qualitative data to make a compelling argument