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Basic Computer Skills.  If you are using a desktop computer (it has a “tower” box), there is usually a power switch on the back of the big box  This.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Computer Skills.  If you are using a desktop computer (it has a “tower” box), there is usually a power switch on the back of the big box  This."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Computer Skills

2  If you are using a desktop computer (it has a “tower” box), there is usually a power switch on the back of the big box  This switch is probably labeled with a “1” and “0”

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4  This is the only switch that truly turns your computer off, but you don’t need to use it after the first time you set up your computer  Make sure the “1” side is pressed in

5  On the front side of the tower box, or somewhere on a laptop, there is another power switch

6  This is usually labeled with a symbol like this  The odd symbol makes sense to engineers, and no one else

7  Normally, when you turn your computer on, you will use this switch

8  For desktop computers, there is generally another switch for the monitor  This switch can be anywhere (including on the back!)

9  To turn on your computer, press the “On” button briefly, and release it  You may hear some faint noises, and see some small lights flickering as the computer gets ready to work, then the screen lights up

10  You don’t have to turn off the monitor when you turn off your computer, as it will “go to sleep” when the computer is off  For laptops, there is no separate switch for the screen

11  Depending on how the computer was set up, you may see a “login screen”  Windows allows you to make the computer look the way you want it to, and other users to make it look the way they want it to

12  For this to work, you have to tell the computer who you are  You do this by logging in  To log in, you move the mouse pointer over your name, or the picture above it, and click (press and release the mouse button)

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14  In some settings, to keep information private, logins also have passwords.  If the computer you are using has been set up this way, you will be asked to type your password  As you type, you won’t see the letters you type, just dots

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16  After you’ve entered your password, the computer will wake up, and you’ll see the “desktop”

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18 Now that we have turned the computer on, we can practice using the mouse

19  The mouse is designed to gently support your hand

20  Drape your hand over the body of the mouse, with your thumb on one side, and little finger on the other  Your index finger should fall “naturally” onto the left mouse- button

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22  Wired Mice ◦ If you think of the cord of the mouse as it’s tail, you’d want to hold it with the cord at your wrist, so the mouse could see ◦ In fact, you hold the mouse with the wire at your fingertips

23  Wireless Mice ◦ If your mouse is “wireless,” you hold it with your fingers resting on the buttons, and around the wheel

24  When you were young, you probably learned not to slide dishes on the table. You pick them up to pass them

25  The mouse must be slid across the table to work. You can use a protective pad (called a mouse pad) under the mouse, but it must be touching the table (or pad) to work

26  When you hold the mouse correctly, you should find the movement easy and natural  Sliding the mouse to the right or left should move the mouse pointer right or left

27  Pushing the mouse away from you moves the pointer up the screen  Pulling the mouse toward you moves the pointer down the screen

28  Because of the way the mouse works, you may find that you get to the edge of the mouse pad or table before the pointer gets to the place you are looking for

29  When this happens, you can pick the mouse up a bit off of the table, and place it back onto the table ◦ When the mouse is in the air, it doesn’t know it’s moving

30  When you put the mouse down again, you can continue moving the pointer to your target

31  You may have to repeat this several times for long moves.  This is called “rowing” the mouse, because it is like rowing a boat – many small movements equals one large one

32  The only part of the mouse pointer that is active is the very tip

33  When you want to point with the mouse, the tip must be over the thing being pointed to

34  With the tip of the arrow over the thing you want to point to, you “click” to tell the computer that this is the thing you want to work on  To click the mouse, you press and release the left mouse button, without moving the mouse

35  Many elders find this difficult, as pressing can cause a small movement of the mouse ◦ If you have difficulty with clicks, consider adding the “Elder Interface” adaptations to your computer

36  Clicking the right (opposite of left) button is called “right clicking”  Each part of the computer and its software has a set of things that can be done to or with it

37  To see what can be done with an icon, you right click on it, to open a “contextual menu”  This is a small menu next to the thing clicked on

38  However, you can do the same thing with a special “menu” key on the keyboard, which is more consistent  It is almost never necessary to do a right-click, so we will always use the left mouse button

39  When you click on something, you are telling the computer that your next instruction should be done “to” this thing ◦ The builders like to say “Noun, then verb”

40  Sometimes you want a thing (file or program) to do something (start, open in a program, etc.)  Most manuals and instructors tell you to do this with a double-click  A double-click is two clicks, very quickly, in the same spot

41  Many elders find double-clicking to be more than twice as difficult as a single-click ◦ Not only is it two clicks, they must be done very quickly, and without moving the mouse

42  Fortunately, you don’t need to double-click  You can do the same thing by clicking once, then pressing the Enter key on the keyboard

43  Just like in the real world, you sometimes want to put things away on your computer, or move them to another spot  This is done by “dragging” on the computer

44  When you move the mouse pointer over something, it is “floating” above that thing  When you click the mouse, the pointer briefly touches the thing, then lifts up again ◦ Think of this as a tap on the shoulder

45  If you hold the mouse button down, it’s like closing your fingers on the thing, or “holding” it  While you are holding something, if you move the mouse, the thing moves along with the mouse pointer

46  If you release the mouse button, you “drop” the thing you were dragging at the place you let go

47  Dragging takes some practice, so don’t get frustrated if you drop things now and then ◦ You can just pick them up and start a new drag

48  Your starting point for most activities will be the “Start” menu  Move the mouse pointer over the start button ◦ Remember to slide your mouse on the tabletop ◦ Remember to put the tip of the arrow on the button

49  Click the mouse ◦ Press and release the left mouse button  The Start Menu opens!

50  The Start Menu is a special menu, with a special design

51  On the left, you’ll see programs that you have used recently, or often  Above the grey line are programs you always want

52  On the right, you’ll see a list of “special places” on your computer

53  At the top of this section are links to special folders for your documents, pictures, or games

54  The bottom area (Computer, Network, etc.) are areas for control of your computer  You probably won’t need those places right away

55  At the bottom of the left side you’ll see a bar called “All Programs”

56  Clicking “All Programs” will show you all of the programs on your computer rather than just the ones you’ve used recently

57  If you click this (now), you’ll notice a lot of programs that you didn’t put on your computer

58  These come with Windows, but we won’t use them in this training

59  Your computer uses an “operating system” (the program you’re looking at now) called Windows Vista  The “Windows” part is because all of the work that you do will happen inside a window

60  The first thing we have to do is learn about the “windows” of Windows  The skills we’ll learn apply to almost all windows, regardless of the program you are using

61  The first step of working on a window is to “open” it  In your home, opening a window means moving part of the glass so air can get through

62  On your computer, opening a window means to make it ◦ Before a window is open, you can’t see it at all!  Since all of your work on the computer happens inside a window, there are lots of ways to open them

63  For now, we are just going to look at one of the special places on your computer, and one way to open a window

64  Open the Start menu by moving your mouse over the start icon on the lower left corner of the screen and clicking the mouse

65  When the Start Menu opens, move your mouse toward the upper right corner of the menu, to the word “Documents”

66  When the mouse pointer is in the right place, a “box” will appear around the word “Documents”

67  This is your computer’s way of saying “I think this is what you want me to work on.”

68  Click the mouse (press and release the left button) while the word “Documents” is highlighted.

69  The start menu will disappear, and a window will appear on the screen!  You’ve just opened a window!

70  If you look at the top of your new window, you’ll see a lighter area with words in it.  This is the window’s “name tag”  The name of this new window is “Documents”

71  When we talk about a window, we usually use it’s first and last name:  This is the “Documents Window”

72  A window on the computer is like a piece of paper on your desk.  You can have more than one at a time, and the one on top can hide what’s underneath it

73  Just like shuffling papers on your desk, you can bring a window to the top of the stack by clicking on any part of it  You can see what is under the top window by moving it to a different place

74  Windows on your computer can be “full screen” ◦ This means that they cover the entire screen, can not be changed

75  Alternatively, a window can be “resizable” ◦ This means you can make it bigger or smaller

76  Look at the top, right corner of the window  You should see a row of three symbols that looks something like this:

77  The middle symbol tells you what kind of window you are looking at.

78  If the button shows a single box, you have a resizable window.  The symbol means “make me full screen”

79  If the button shows two, overlapping squares, you have a full-screen window  The symbol means “make me resizable.”

80  A resizable window might cover the whole screen, but you can change that.

81  Normally, the window we opened starts as a resizable window, but let’s change it.

82  Move the tip of the mouse pointer over the middle icon in the top, right corner of the window  Now, click the mouse button ◦ press and release the left button without moving the mouse

83  When you clicked the icon, the window got larger, and covered the entire screen, except for the task bar  The control changed too

84  The control changed from this:  To this:

85  Windows remember what they were like before they became full screen  If you click the “make me resizable” icon, the window will go back to the size and place it was before  Change your window back and forth a few times, to get the feel of it

86  Like a piece of paper on your table, you can move a window to another spot  You do that by “dragging” the window to a new location, using its handle

87  The top of your window probably looks something like this: ◦ If you still have a full screen window, change it back now

88  The area to the left of the window controls is the handle.

89  Move the tip of the mouse pointer over any part of this handle (not over the controls) ◦ If your mouse pointer changes to a double-ended arrow, you are not quite on the handle, and you’ll stretch the window instead of moving it

90  Press and hold the left mouse button down  When you move the mouse, the window will move along

91  Let’s open another window, so you can see what happens when one window is over another  Move your mouse pointer over the start button and click the left button

92  On the Start menu, find “Pictures” on the right side of the Start menu  Click the left mouse button once

93  You should now have two windows open on your computer at once!

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95  If they are not overlapping like two pieces of paper, drag the “Pictures” window so that it “covers” part of “Documents” window ◦ It should look rather like two pieces of paper, one on top of the other

96  What if you wanted to look at the paper on the bottom of the pile? ◦ You’d move it to the top!  You do the same thing with windows

97  Point to any part of the Documents window that you can see, and click the mouse  The Documents window is now on top of the Pictures window!

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99  Suppose you want a window to be bigger or smaller than it is, but not full screen…  This is why we call them “resizable” windows

100  Move the mouse pointer to the bottom right corner of your “Documents” window  Your mouse pointer will change to a double-ended arrow, something like this:

101  If you are a bit above the corner, it might look more like this: ◦ Just move down a bit, and you’ll see the diagonal arrow  The double-ended arrow means that you are over a stretchy handle, and can change the size of your window

102  Press the left mouse button, and hold it down  Still holding the button down (just like you did for moving the window), move the mouse  The bottom corner of the window will move with the mouse, but the top left corner stays in the same place!

103  Just move the bottom corner until the window is the size you want, and release the mouse button ◦ You’ve just resized a window!

104  Sometimes you want a window completely out of the way, but don’t want to “close” it (we’ll do that in a bit)  There is a control on the window to “Minimize” the window, which makes it as small as it can be

105  In the upper right corner of the Documents window, the left-most control looks like an “underline”  This is the “Minimize” control

106  Move your mouse pointer over the Minimize control and click the left button  It looks like the window disappeared!  It’s not gone, just “minimized”

107  You’ll remember we talked about the “task bar” at the bottom of the screen ◦ This extends from the Start button

108  Look at the Task bar on your computer ◦ You should see to “buttons” labeled “Documents” and “Pictures”

109  These are the open windows on your computer, even though you can only see “Pictures”

110  To make the Documents Window visible again:  Mouse the mouse pointer over the Documents button on the task bar  Click once  The window is visible again!

111  When you minimize a window, you move it out of sight, but it’s still there  When you are done working on a project, you should put your tools away

112  You do this with a window by “Closing” it  You close a window using the “Close control” in the upper right corner

113  You’ll often hear people refer to this control as the “red X” ◦ The control isn’t always red ◦ The X isn’t the red part!

114  To close a window ◦ move the tip of the mouse pointer over the X ◦ click the left mouse button  The window will close, and all of its parts will be put away for future use

115  By itself, your computer isn’t very interesting.  You can think of it like a desk with a bookshelf built in. ◦ It might be a nice piece of furniture, you wouldn’t spend all day looking at it.

116  What makes your desk useful is the things that you do on it.  Similarly, what makes the computer useful is the things you do with it.  You “do things” with your computer by running “programs.”

117  You can think of a program as a set of instructions, like a recipe.  If you follow one set of instructions, you get a meatloaf, if another, you get chocolate cake

118  When your computer follows one set of instructions, it lets you access the World Wide Web  When it follows another set of instruction, it lets you write a letter to your brother

119  We’ll cover several programs in detail in the next lessons

120  As you might expect, you use the “Start” menu to start a program  Move the mouse over the Start Menu icon on the lower left corner of the screen  Click the left mouse-button once  The Start Menu will appear

121  Look for the program you want to start

122  If you’ve used it recently, or if it is one that you’ve made “permanent,” it will be on the left side of the Start Menu

123  If the program isn’t visible, click on the “All Programs” bar at the bottom left of the Start Menu

124  This will change the left side of the Start Menu to show new information

125  This list shows all of the programs installed on your computer

126  The program you want might be inside one of the “file folders”

127  If it is, you can click once on the folder to see what is inside

128  When you see the program you want to use

129 ◦ Position the tip of the mouse pointer over the name ◦ Click the left button once

130  The program will start, opening a new window

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132  In general, you can close a program simply by closing its window ◦ Move the tip of the mouse pointer over the close control ◦ Click the left mouse button once

133  If you have work that you haven’t “saved”, you’ll get a message asking if you want to save your work  For now, click “No”  The program will close

134  Usually, you will use the Start menu to turn off your computer  There are two “Off” switches on the Start Menu

135  Move the mouse pointer over the Start button in the lower left corner of the screen  Click once  The Start Menu will open

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137  Your computer can be “off” in three different ways  Sleep ◦ Rather like putting your head down on your desk, all of the work stays in place ◦ If the power goes away, so does your work

138  Hibernate ◦ This is like putting your work away at the end of the day, but planning to continue from the same place tomorrow. ◦ The computer stores all of your work, keeping track of where you were.

139  Shut Down ◦ This is “I’m done and putting away my tools.” ◦ All of your work is put away, and the computer forgets all about what you did

140  Sleep ◦ Your computer will wake up fastest from “sleep,” though some computers don’t wake up reliably ◦ If your electricity is reliable, use sleep

141  Hibernate ◦ It takes a bit longer to wake up from hibernation, but the computer has saved your work in a safe way ◦ If your electricity sometimes goes out, or you will be away from your computer for a time, use hibernate

142  Shut Down ◦ It takes longest to turn your computer on from Shut Down ◦ You have to remember where you were, and what you were doing

143 ◦ In this state, your computer is most nearly “Off.” ◦ Use Shut Down when you will be away from your computer for some days


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