4Turning It On!This is the only switch that truly turns your computer off, but you don’t need to use it after the first time you set up your computerMake sure the “1” side is pressed in
5Turning It On!On the front side of the tower box, or somewhere on a laptop, there is another power switch
6Turning It On! This is usually labeled with a symbol like this The odd symbol makes sense to engineers, and no one else
7Turning It On!Normally, when you turn your computer on, you will use this switch
8Turning It On!For desktop computers, there is generally another switch for the monitorThis switch can be anywhere (including on the back!)
9Turning It On!To turn on your computer, press the “On” button briefly, and release itYou may hear some faint noises, and see some small lights flickering as the computer gets ready to work, then the screen lights up
10Turning It On!You don’t have to turn off the monitor when you turn off your computer, as it will “go to sleep” when the computer is offFor laptops, there is no separate switch for the screen
11Logging InDepending on how the computer was set up, you may see a “login screen”Windows allows you to make the computer look the way you want it to, and other users to make it look the way they want it to
12Logging In For this to work, you have to tell the computer who you are You do this by logging inTo log in, you move the mouse pointer over your name, or the picture above it, and click (press and release the mouse button)
14Logging InIn some settings, to keep information private, logins also have passwords.If the computer you are using has been set up this way, you will be asked to type your passwordAs you type, you won’t see the letters you type, just dots
22Holding the Mouse Wired Mice If you think of the cord of the mouse as it’s tail, you’d want to hold it with the cord at your wrist, so the mouse could seeIn fact, you hold the mouse with the wire at your fingertips
23Holding the Mouse Wireless Mice If your mouse is “wireless,” you hold it with your fingers resting on the buttons, and around the wheel
24Sliding the MouseWhen you were young, you probably learned not to slide dishes on the table. You pick them up to pass them
25Sliding the MouseThe mouse must be slid across the table to work. You can use a protective pad (called a mouse pad) under the mouse, but it must be touching the table (or pad) to work
26Sliding the MouseWhen you hold the mouse correctly, you should find the movement easy and naturalSliding the mouse to the right or left should move the mouse pointer right or left
27Sliding the MousePushing the mouse away from you moves the pointer up the screenPulling the mouse toward you moves the pointer down the screen
28“Rowing” the mouseBecause of the way the mouse works, you may find that you get to the edge of the mouse pad or table before the pointer gets to the place you are looking for
29“Rowing” the mouseWhen this happens, you can pick the mouse up a bit off of the table, and place it back onto the tableWhen the mouse is in the air, it doesn’t know it’s moving
30“Rowing” the mouseWhen you put the mouse down again, you can continue moving the pointer to your target
31“Rowing” the mouseYou may have to repeat this several times for long moves.This is called “rowing” the mouse, because it is like rowing a boat – many small movements equals one large one
32Positioning the MouseThe only part of the mouse pointer that is active is the very tip
33Positioning the MouseWhen you want to point with the mouse, the tip must be over the thing being pointed to
34ClickingWith the tip of the arrow over the thing you want to point to, you “click” to tell the computer that this is the thing you want to work onTo click the mouse, you press and release the left mouse button, without moving the mouse
35ClickingMany elders find this difficult, as pressing can cause a small movement of the mouseIf you have difficulty with clicks, consider adding the “Elder Interface” adaptations to your computer
36Right-ClickClicking the right (opposite of left) button is called “right clicking”Each part of the computer and its software has a set of things that can be done to or with it
37Right-ClickTo see what can be done with an icon, you right click on it, to open a “contextual menu”This is a small menu next to the thing clicked on
38Right-ClickHowever, you can do the same thing with a special “menu” key on the keyboard, which is more consistentIt is almost never necessary to do a right-click, so we will always use the left mouse button
39Double-ClickWhen you click on something, you are telling the computer that your next instruction should be done “to” this thingThe builders like to say “Noun, then verb”
40Double-ClickSometimes you want a thing (file or program) to do something (start, open in a program, etc.)Most manuals and instructors tell you to do this with a double-clickA double-click is two clicks, very quickly, in the same spot
41Double-ClickMany elders find double-clicking to be more than twice as difficult as a single-clickNot only is it two clicks, they must be done very quickly, and without moving the mouse
42Double-Click Fortunately, you don’t need to double-click You can do the same thing by clicking once, then pressing the Enter key on the keyboard
43DraggingJust like in the real world, you sometimes want to put things away on your computer, or move them to another spotThis is done by “dragging” on the computer
44DraggingWhen you move the mouse pointer over something, it is “floating” above that thingWhen you click the mouse, the pointer briefly touches the thing, then lifts up againThink of this as a tap on the shoulder
45DraggingIf you hold the mouse button down, it’s like closing your fingers on the thing, or “holding” itWhile you are holding something, if you move the mouse, the thing moves along with the mouse pointer
46DraggingIf you release the mouse button, you “drop” the thing you were dragging at the place you let go
47DraggingDragging takes some practice, so don’t get frustrated if you drop things now and thenYou can just pick them up and start a new drag
48Let’s get started!Your starting point for most activities will be the “Start” menuMove the mouse pointer over the start buttonRemember to slide your mouse on the tabletopRemember to put the tip of the arrow on the button
49Let’s get started! Click the mouse The Start Menu opens! Press and release the left mouse buttonThe Start Menu opens!
50The Start MenuThe Start Menu is a special menu, with a special design
51The Start MenuOn the left, you’ll see programs that you have used recently, or oftenAbove the grey line are programs you always want
52The Start MenuOn the right, you’ll see a list of “special places” on your computer
53The Start MenuAt the top of this section are links to special folders for your documents, pictures, or games
54The Start MenuThe bottom area (Computer, Network, etc.) are areas for control of your computerYou probably won’t need those places right away
55The Start MenuAt the bottom of the left side you’ll see a bar called “All Programs”
56The Start MenuClicking “All Programs” will show you all of the programs on your computer rather than just the ones you’ve used recently
57The Start MenuIf you click this (now), you’ll notice a lot of programs that you didn’t put on your computer
58The Start MenuThese come with Windows, but we won’t use them in this training
59The Windows of “Windows” Your computer uses an “operating system” (the program you’re looking at now) called Windows VistaThe “Windows” part is because all of the work that you do will happen inside a window
60The Windows of “Windows” The first thing we have to do is learn about the “windows” of WindowsThe skills we’ll learn apply to almost all windows, regardless of the program you are using
61Opening a window The first step of working on a window is to “open” it In your home, opening a window means moving part of the glass so air can get through
62Opening a window On your computer, opening a window means to make it Before a window is open, you can’t see it at all!Since all of your work on the computer happens inside a window, there are lots of ways to open them
63Opening a windowFor now, we are just going to look at one of the special places on your computer, and one way to open a window
64Opening a windowOpen the Start menu by moving your mouse over the start icon on the lower left corner of the screen and clicking the mouse
65Opening a windowWhen the Start Menu opens, move your mouse toward the upper right corner of the menu, to the word “Documents”
66Opening a windowWhen the mouse pointer is in the right place, a “box” will appear around the word “Documents”
67Opening a windowThis is your computer’s way of saying “I think this is what you want me to work on.”
68Opening a windowClick the mouse (press and release the left button) while the word “Documents” is highlighted.
69Opening a windowThe start menu will disappear, and a window will appear on the screen!You’ve just opened a window!
70Your new WindowIf you look at the top of your new window, you’ll see a lighter area with words in it.This is the window’s “name tag”The name of this new window is “Documents”
71Your new WindowWhen we talk about a window, we usually use it’s first and last name:This is the “Documents Window”
72Moving a WindowA window on the computer is like a piece of paper on your desk.You can have more than one at a time, and the one on top can hide what’s underneath it
73Moving a WindowJust like shuffling papers on your desk, you can bring a window to the top of the stack by clicking on any part of itYou can see what is under the top window by moving it to a different place
74Windows have Locks Windows on your computer can be “full screen” This means that they cover the entire screen, can not be changed
75Windows have Locks Alternatively, a window can be “resizable” This means you can make it bigger or smaller
76How Can I Tell Them Apart? Look at the top, right corner of the windowYou should see a row of three symbols that looks something like this:
77How Can I Tell Them Apart? The middle symbol tells you what kind of window you are looking at.
78How Can I Tell Them Apart? If the button shows a single box, you have a resizable window.The symbol means “make me full screen”
79How Can I Tell Them Apart? If the button shows two, overlapping squares, you have a full-screen windowThe symbol means “make me resizable.”
80How Can I Tell Them Apart? A resizable window might cover the whole screen, but you can change that.
81Changing the window’s type Normally, the window we opened starts as a resizable window, but let’s change it.
82Changing the window’s type Move the tip of the mouse pointer over the middle icon in the top, right corner of the windowNow, click the mouse buttonpress and release the left button without moving the mouse
83What Happened?When you clicked the icon, the window got larger, and covered the entire screen, except for the task barThe control changed too
84What Happened?The control changed from this:To this:
85Change Can Be Good!Windows remember what they were like before they became full screenIf you click the “make me resizable” icon, the window will go back to the size and place it was beforeChange your window back and forth a few times, to get the feel of it
86A Moving ExperienceLike a piece of paper on your table, you can move a window to another spotYou do that by “dragging” the window to a new location, using its handle
87A Moving ExperienceThe top of your window probably looks something like this:If you still have a full screen window, change it back now
88A Moving ExperienceThe area to the left of the window controls is the handle.
89A Moving Experience!Move the tip of the mouse pointer over any part of this handle (not over the controls)If your mouse pointer changes to a double-ended arrow, you are not quite on the handle, and you’ll stretch the window instead of moving it
90A Moving Experience! Press and hold the left mouse button down When you move the mouse, the window will move along
91More Mouse TricksLet’s open another window, so you can see what happens when one window is over anotherMove your mouse pointer over the start button and click the left button
92More Mouse TricksOn the Start menu, find “Pictures” on the right side of the Start menuClick the left mouse button once
93More Mouse TricksYou should now have two windows open on your computer at once!
95More Mouse TricksIf they are not overlapping like two pieces of paper, drag the “Pictures” window so that it “covers” part of “Documents” windowIt should look rather like two pieces of paper, one on top of the other
96More Mouse TricksWhat if you wanted to look at the paper on the bottom of the pile?You’d move it to the top!You do the same thing with windows
97More Mouse TricksPoint to any part of the Documents window that you can see, and click the mouseThe Documents window is now on top of the Pictures window!
99More Mouse TricksSuppose you want a window to be bigger or smaller than it is, but not full screen…This is why we call them “resizable” windows
100More Mouse TricksMove the mouse pointer to the bottom right corner of your “Documents” windowYour mouse pointer will change to a double-ended arrow, something like this:
101More Mouse TricksIf you are a bit above the corner, it might look more like this:Just move down a bit, and you’ll see the diagonal arrowThe double-ended arrow means that you are over a stretchy handle, and can change the size of your window
102More Mouse Tricks Press the left mouse button, and hold it down Still holding the button down (just like you did for moving the window), move the mouseThe bottom corner of the window will move with the mouse, but the top left corner stays in the same place!
103More Mouse TricksJust move the bottom corner until the window is the size you want, and release the mouse buttonYou’ve just resized a window!
104Making a Window REALLY Small Sometimes you want a window completely out of the way, but don’t want to “close” it (we’ll do that in a bit)There is a control on the window to “Minimize” the window, which makes it as small as it can be
105Making a Window REALLY Small In the upper right corner of the Documents window, the left-most control looks like an “underline”This is the “Minimize” control
106Making a Window REALLY Small Move your mouse pointer over the Minimize control and click the left buttonIt looks like the window disappeared!It’s not gone, just “minimized”
107How Do I Know It’s Not Gone? You’ll remember we talked about the “task bar” at the bottom of the screenThis extends from the Start button
108How Do I Know It’s Not Gone? Look at the Task bar on your computerYou should see to “buttons” labeled “Documents” and “Pictures”
109How Do I Know It’s Not Gone? These are the open windows on your computer, even though you can only see “Pictures”
110Bringing It Back To make the Documents Window visible again: Mouse the mouse pointer over the Documents button on the task barClick onceThe window is visible again!
111Closing a windowWhen you minimize a window, you move it out of sight, but it’s still thereWhen you are done working on a project, you should put your tools away
112Closing a window You do this with a window by “Closing” it You close a window using the “Close control” in the upper right corner
113Closing a windowYou’ll often hear people refer to this control as the “red X”The control isn’t always redThe X isn’t the red part!
114Closing a window To close a window move the tip of the mouse pointer over the Xclick the left mouse buttonThe window will close, and all of its parts will be put away for future use
115Starting Programs By itself, your computer isn’t very interesting. You can think of it like a desk with a bookshelf built in.It might be a nice piece of furniture, you wouldn’t spend all day looking at it.
116Starting ProgramsWhat makes your desk useful is the things that you do on it.Similarly, what makes the computer useful is the things you do with it.You “do things” with your computer by running “programs.”
117What is a program?You can think of a program as a set of instructions, like a recipe.If you follow one set of instructions, you get a meatloaf, if another, you get chocolate cake
118What is a program?When your computer follows one set of instructions, it lets you access the World Wide WebWhen it follows another set of instruction, it lets you write a letter to your brother
119What is a program?We’ll cover several programs in detail in the next lessons
120Starting a ProgramAs you might expect, you use the “Start” menu to start a programMove the mouse over the Start Menu icon on the lower left corner of the screenClick the left mouse-button onceThe Start Menu will appear
121Starting a ProgramLook for the program you want to start
122Starting a ProgramIf you’ve used it recently, or if it is one that you’ve made “permanent,” it will be on the left side of the Start Menu
123Starting a ProgramIf the program isn’t visible, click on the “All Programs” bar at the bottom left of the Start Menu
124Starting a ProgramThis will change the left side of the Start Menu to show new information
125Starting a ProgramThis list shows all of the programs installed on your computer
126Starting a ProgramThe program you want might be inside one of the “file folders”
127Starting a ProgramIf it is, you can click once on the folder to see what is inside
128Starting a ProgramWhen you see the program you want to use
129Starting a Program Position the tip of the mouse pointer over the name Click the left button once
130Starting a ProgramThe program will start, opening a new window
137Three kinds of off Your computer can be “off” in three different ways SleepRather like putting your head down on your desk, all of the work stays in placeIf the power goes away, so does your work
138Three kinds of off Hibernate This is like putting your work away at the end of the day, but planning to continue from the same place tomorrow.The computer stores all of your work, keeping track of where you were.
139Three kinds of off Shut Down This is “I’m done and putting away my tools.”All of your work is put away, and the computer forgets all about what you did
140So, what should I use? Sleep Your computer will wake up fastest from “sleep,” though some computers don’t wake up reliablyIf your electricity is reliable, use sleep
141So, what should I use? Hibernate It takes a bit longer to wake up from hibernation, but the computer has saved your work in a safe wayIf your electricity sometimes goes out, or you will be away from your computer for a time, use hibernate
142So, what should I use? Shut Down It takes longest to turn your computer on from Shut DownYou have to remember where you were, and what you were doing
143So, what should I use?In this state, your computer is most nearly “Off.”Use Shut Down when you will be away from your computer for some days