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 Church design  Icons  Music/ Language  Incense  Crosses  Evil eyes.

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Presentation on theme: " Church design  Icons  Music/ Language  Incense  Crosses  Evil eyes."— Presentation transcript:


2  Church design  Icons  Music/ Language  Incense  Crosses  Evil eyes

3  Narthex is the front part of the Church › Contains icons to kiss and candles people light while saying a short prayer › Candles symbolize Jesus as the light of the world  Non-Orthodox people are to remain in the Narthex out of respect  Nave is the central part of the Church › In traditional Greek churches there are no pews because the worshipers are to stand before God › Many Greek Orthodox Churches (especially in the USA) now contain pews, however, people still stand for long portions of the service

4  Iconostasis: called the τεμπλον ( pronounced templon)- a screen or set of doors between the nave and the sanctuary › Contains large icons, usually one of Jesus, one of Mary holding Jesus, one of the saint whom the church is named after and one of John the Baptist- central figures of the church › Doors are only to be used by the clergy members

5  Sanctuary (altar): only to be entered by the clergy › Women may not enter › Usually square › Contains a table, on which the communion is prepared before being brought out › Money and animal products not allowed in › Large cross usually hangs on the wall, with Jesus’ body on it

6 Pictures taken by Anastassopoulos family

7 f /tour/Gallery/Interior/Narthex/01 _narthex287_.jpg http://www.durhamcathedral. ge/nave.jpg

8  Jesus, saints, angels have halos  Gold= radiance of heaven  Red= divine life  Blue= human life  Jesus wears blue with red underneath  Mary wears red with blue underneath  White only used to show resurrection and transfiguration  Icons depict events or people  When they are of people, hands are present. You are to make the sign of the cross and then kiss their hand

9  Icons are filled with symbolism › Tell about the people depicted in them  No statues  Icons are often lit by candles › Symbolizes Jesus as the light of the world  Walls of churches are covered with icons  Icons were also taken on journeys as protection

10 AAAAAAAJ8/ttHUXF0uUMM/S240/Pantocrator,+Christ+Sa vior+and+Life+Giver.jpg


12  Services are nearly entirely sung  Human voice = best instrument of praise  Sung completely in Greek YouTube - Trisagion/Prokimenon Holy Trinity Monastery YouTube - Christos Anesti Greek Easter Greetings from Greece

13  Used during all services  Represents sweetness of prayers to God  Four chains represent trinity (one for each godly nature of Jesus, then one for the Father and one for the Holy Spirit)  2 gold cups – one represents Heaven, one Earth  12 bells represent the 12 Apostles YouTube - Presanctified Liturgy - Saint George Greek Orthodox Church

14 Crosses are often highly decorated Often have three bars on them Often have IC XC inscribed on it- letter representing Jesus’ name in Greek (Ιησούς Χριστός) http://ecx.images-

15 http://www.anyre /images/64312-3- 1.jpg /images/PewterCharms/RCS0 67.jpg

16 3F.gif

17  The sign of the cross is made with two fingers down, and the thumb, index and middle finger bunched up together (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)  Made either once of three times in a row  Touch right shoulder first because Jesus is seated at the right hand of the father  Often done while saying “Agios o Theos, Agios Ischiros, Agios Athanatos, Eleison Imas” › Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal, have mercy on us › This is the most often heard chant during services

18 Π ά τερ ἡ μ ῶ ν, ὁ ἐ ν το ῖ ς ο ὐ ρανο ῖ ς, ἁ γιασθ ή τω τ ὸ ὄ νομ ά σου ἐ λθ έ τω ἡ βασιλε ί α σου γενηθ ή τω τ ὸ θ έ λημ ά σου ὡ ς ἐ ν ο ὐ ραν ῷ κα ὶ ἐ π ὶ τ ῆ ς γ ῆ ς. τ ὸ ν ἄ ρτον ἡ μ ῶ ν τ ὸ ν ἐ πιο ύ σιον δ ὸ ς ἡ μ ῖ ν σ ή μερον· κα ὶ ἄ φες ἡ μ ῖ ν τ ὰ ὀ φειλ ή ματα ἡ μ ῶ ν ὡ ς κα ὶ ἡ με ῖ ς ἀ φ ί εμεν το ῖ ς ὀ φειλ έ ταις ἡ μ ῶ ν κα ὶ μ ὴ ε ἰ σεν έ γκ ῃ ς ἡ μ ᾶ ς ε ἰ ς πειρασμ ό ν ἀ λλ ὰ ῥῦ σαι ἡ μ ᾶ ς ἀ π ὸ το ῦ πονηρο ῦ ΑΜΗΝ

19  Evil eyes are worn to protect people from the jealousy of others  The jealous person can, even unknowingly curse the other person with illness, bad luck or even death

20 es3/evileyeworrybeads15.JPG

21  Yiannias, John. "Orthodox Art and Architecture." Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America., Web. 10 Jan 2010..  "The Evil Eye." Greek Spider. Greek Spider, Web. 10 Jan 2010..  Yiannias, John. “Icon Gallery." Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America., Web. 10 Jan 2010..

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