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Climate Regions. Latitude, latitude, latitude Several factors influence climate: elevation, ocean currents, size of land mass, winds… However, latitude.

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Presentation on theme: "Climate Regions. Latitude, latitude, latitude Several factors influence climate: elevation, ocean currents, size of land mass, winds… However, latitude."— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate Regions

2 Latitude, latitude, latitude Several factors influence climate: elevation, ocean currents, size of land mass, winds… However, latitude is the most influential factor that affect climate type. There are three latitude zones: – Low Latitude- between 23 ½° N and 23 ½ ° S – Mid Latitude- between 23 ½ °N and 66 ° N AND 23 ½ ° S and 66 ° S – High Latitude- Poles; above 66 ° N AND below 66 ° S

3 Important Lines of Latitude 66° N 23 1/2 ° N 0 ° 23 1/2 ° S 66° S Arctic Circle Tropic of Cancer Equator Tropic of Capricorn Antarctic Circle

4 ©CSCOPE 2009 Low Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons Tropical rainforest 10° S to 25 ° NAmazon basin, equatorial Africa, East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea A canopy of tall trees with layers of shorter trees and plants underneath Heavy rainfall in all months, no difference in seasons Savanna 15° to 25° N and SIndia, Southeast Asia, West Africa, southern Africa, South America, north coast of Australia Grasses, short treesWarm year round, wet and dry seasons Desert 18° to 28° N and S, centered on Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn Western North America (southwest U.S. southwest South America (Chili) north central Mexico, north Africa, southwest Africa, central Australia, north Asia (China, Mongolia) Scattered vegetation; short grasses and shrubs, cacti Warm or Cold, little to no precipitation year round

5 ©CSCOPE 2009

6 Low Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons Tropical rainforest 10° S to 25 ° NAmazon basin, equatorial Africa, East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea A canopy of tall trees with layers of shorter trees and plants underneath Heavy rainfall in all months, no difference in seasons Savanna 15° to 25° N and SIndia, Southeast Asia, West Africa, southern Africa, South America, north coast of Australia Grasses, short treesWarm year round, wet and dry seasons Desert 18° to 28° N and S, centered on Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn Western North America (southwest U.S. southwest South America (Chile)) north central Mexico, north Africa, southwest Africa, central Australia, north Asia (China, Mongolia) Scattered vegetation; short grasses and shrubs, cacti Warm or Cold, little to no precipitation year round

7 ©CSCOPE 2009 Savanna

8 ©CSCOPE 2009 Low Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons Tropical rainforest 10° S to 25 ° NAmazon basin, equatorial Africa, East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea A canopy of tall trees with layers of shorter trees and plants underneath Heavy rainfall in all months, no difference in seasons Savanna 15° to 25° N and SIndia, Southeast Asia, West Africa, southern Africa, South America, north coast of Australia Grasses, short treesWarm year round, wet and dry seasons Desert 18° to 28° N and S, centered on Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn Western North America (southwest U.S. southwest South America (Chile)) north central Mexico, north Africa, southwest Africa, central Australia, north Asia (China, Mongolia) Scattered vegetation; short grasses and shrubs, cacti Warm or Cold, little to no precipitation year round

9 ©CSCOPE 2009

10

11 Mid-Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Steppe Central areas of continents between 35° and 50° N (and sometimes south) Western North America (Great Plains); Central South America, Central Africa (Sahel) (Patagonia) Eurasian interior (Kazakhstan) Grassland, few treesLow precipitation year round, hot summers, cold winters Humid subtropical Southeast coast of continents between 20° and 40° N and S Southeastern North America, Southeastern Asia, Southeastern Australia Coniferous/Deciduous (Mixed) Forests and grassland Warm, humid summer, and mild winters precipitation year round Mediterranean 30° to 50° N and S The Mediterranean basin, west coasts of California, central Chile, South Africa, western/southern Australia Shrubs, grasses, and mixed trees (Chaparral) Long, hot, dry summers, and mild, rainy winters

12 ©CSCOPE 2009 Steppe

13 ©CSCOPE 2009 Mid-Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Steppe Central areas of continents between 35° and 50° N Western North America (Great Plains); Central South America, Central Africa (Sahel) (Patagonia) Eurasian interior (Kazakhstan) Grassland, few treesLow precipitation year round, hot summers, cold winters Humid subtropical Southeast coast of continents between 20° and 40° N and S Southeastern North America, Southeastern Asia, Southeastern Australia Coniferous/Deciduous (Mixed) Forests and grassland Warm, humid summer, and mild winters precipitation year round Mediterranean 30° to 50° N and S The Mediterranean basin, west coasts of California, central Chile, South Africa, western/southern Australia Shrubs, grasses, and mixed trees (Chaparral) Long, hot, dry summers, and mild, rainy winters

14 ©CSCOPE 2009 Humid Sub-Tropical

15 ©CSCOPE 2009 Mid-Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Steppe Central areas of continents between 35° and 50° N Western North America (Great Plains); Central South America, Central Africa (Sahel) (Patagonia) Eurasian interior (Kazakhstan) Grassland, few treesLow precipitation year round, hot summers, cold winters Humid subtropical Southeast coast of continents between 20° and 40° N and S Southeastern North America, Southeastern Asia, Southeastern Australia Coniferous/Deciduous (Mixed) Forests and grassland Warm, humid summer, and mild winters precipitation year round Mediterranean 30° to 50° N and S The Mediterranean basin, west coasts of California, central Chile, South Africa, western/southern Australia Shrubs, grasses, and mixed trees (Chaparral) Long, hot, dry summers, and mild, rainy winters

16 ©CSCOPE 2009 Mediterranean

17 ©CSCOPE 2009 Mid-Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Humid Continental 30 to 55 N and S, to 60 N in Europe North central North America; north central Asia (China); Korea; Japan; central and eastern Europe Mixed coniferous and deciduous forest Warm summer cold winters, moderate rainfall throughout the year Marine-West Coast 30 to 60 N and S West coast of N. America, west coast of southern Chile, and northwestern Europe Mixed coniferous and deciduous forests Cool summers, mild winters, high rainfall year round

18 ©CSCOPE 2009 Humid Continental

19 ©CSCOPE 2009 Mid-Latitude Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Humid Continental 30 to 55 N and S, to 60 N in Europe North central North America; north central Asia (China); Korea; Japan; central and eastern Europe Mixed coniferous and deciduous forest Warm summer cold winters, moderate rainfall throughout the year Marine-West Coast 30 to 60 N and S West coast of N. America, west coast of southern Chile, and northwestern Europe Mixed coniferous and deciduous forests Cool summers, mild winters, high rainfall year round

20 ©CSCOPE 2009 Marine West Coast

21 ©CSCOPE 2009 High Latitude Climates Latitude RangeWorld LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Sub arctic 50° to 60° NNorthern North America and Eurasia Coniferous forests - taigaExtremely cold winter, short, cool summer Arctic 60° to 70° NNorthern North America and Eurasia Short grasses, mosses, lichens, tundra Extremely cold and dry all year

22 ©CSCOPE 2009 Sub-Arctic

23 ©CSCOPE 2009 High Latitude Climates Latitude RangeWorld LocationVegetationSeasons/ Rainfall Sub arctic 50° to 60° NNorthern North America and Eurasia Coniferous forests - taigaExtremely cold winter, short, cool summer Arctic 60° to 70° NNorthern North America and Eurasia and Antarctica Short grasses, mosses, lichens, tundra Extremely cold and dry all year

24 ©CSCOPE 2009 Arctic

25 ©CSCOPE 2009 Other Climates Latitude Range World LocationVegetationSeasons/Rainfall Highland Found all over the world Mountain Ranges: Himalayas, Andes, Rockies, Alps, etc. Varies with elevation and location on mountain. Leeward side is drier with less vegetation. Windward side receives the most rainfall while leeward side remains dry.

26 ©CSCOPE 2009 Highland

27 ©CSCOPE 2009

28 Weather v. Climate Climate is the temperature and precipitation in an area over a long period of time. Weather is the current temperature and precipitation in an area.

29 Terms to Know Low Latitude Mid Latitude High Latitude Coniferous Deciduous Mixed Forest Chaparral


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