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Created by Ms. Jerome & Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone

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1 Created by Ms. Jerome & Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone
The Progressive Era Created by Ms. Jerome & Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone

2 What is the Progressive Era?
The Industrial Revolution was a time of great social change and economic growth in the U.S. Roughly spanning the years between Reconstruction and the new century (1900), the industrial Revolution saw rapid industrialization, urbanization, the construction of great transcontinental railroads, innovations in science and technology, and the rise of big business. Afterwards, the first years of the new century that followed were dominated by progressivism, a forward-looking political movement that attempted to redress some of the ills that had arisen during the Gilded Age. Progressives passed legislation to rein in big business, combat corruption, free the government protect the rights of consumers, workers, immigrants, and the poor.

3 Our Themes For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction!
What is the cause and effect? What is the role of government? What is the cost? It’s not the law, it’s the enforcement.

4 Find three pictures that you believe represent the problems of the Industrial Revolution. Highlight areas that needed reform:

5 Progressive Era Pop Culture
Life expectancy 1900: 46.3 yrs. For men 48.3 yrs. For women 33 yrs. for African Americans Life in the 1900s: Growing Class Divisions: The “Haves” and “Have-nots” 1896: Top 12% had 86% of wealth Middle 44% had 12.5% of wealth Lowest 44% had 1.5% of wealth Family Size (1900 statistics) 5.7 children for laborers 3.5 children for business owners and managers

6 Prepared foods of the Progressive Era
2. New prepared foods Granola Kellogg’s Corn Flakes and Shredded Wheat Post Grape Nuts Campbell’s Soup Heinz Pickles Jell-O Hires Root Beer Borden’s Evaporated Milk Health drinks: Lydia Pinkham’s Drink (23% alcohol), opium drinks, Coca Cola

7 Find five pictures that demonstrate different foods eaten during the Progressive Era

8 Inventions 3. New inventions Hot-air furnaces for central heating
Washing machines Telephone service Electric lights Indoor plumbing Sewing machines Cast-iron stoves Refrigerated train cars and ice boxes

9 Find images of 3 different inventions

10 Identify the following Progressives
Identify the following Progressives. Incorporate a picture and a caption that explains their Progressive battle-cry:

11 Carrie Nation

12 Susan B. Anthony

13 Robert La Follette

14 Teddy Roosevelt

15 Historical Events! Find an image of the following events and include a caption underneath!

16 The Titanic Sinks!

17 The Wright Brothers accomplish an historic first!

18 Oreo Cookies are introduced!

19 Henry Ford Creates the Assembly Line

20 The Progressive Era Legislation
Created by Ms. Jerome And Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone

21 Progressive Era and the Constitution
Major change came from the federal government in the form of Constitutional Amendments during the Progressive Era. During this time period, federal reform changed the way the government interacted with the American people. Four amendments were added to the Constitution. In the four next slides write the definition of the amendment and incorporate a picture to represent what it stands for!

22 Constitutional Amendments

23 Constitutional Amendments

24 Constitutional Amendments

25 Constitutional Amendments

26 How did each address and reform the railroads?
The Interstate Commerce Act The Hepburn Act The Elkins Act

27 An Attack on Big Business
The Sherman Anti-Trust Act The Clayton Anti-Trust Act The Federal Trade Commission

28 Regulating Banks and Money Supply
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913: Definition

29 Addressing Public Health
Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act

30 Federal Child Labor Law
What was the Federal Child Labor Law?

31 Workman’s Compensation Act
In which state do we first see a workman’s compensation act? What was it and how did this benefit workers? When does the Federal Government Adopt it?

32 The Pendleton Act Include definition and a picture.

33 The Newlands Reclamation Act
Antiquities Act

34 The Presidents of Reform
Which reforms is each one known for? Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson

35 State Reform

36 Initiative/Referendum/Recall: How does each allow for broader political participation by the American people? In which state do we see these reforms begin? RECALL (look up Walter Jones) When the government initiates a removal from office it is called…? REFERENDUM INITIATIVE DIRECT DEMOCRACY!

37 ‘continued Wisconsin’s Direct Primary Law…Explain what it did and how it changed politics.

38 City Reform

39 New York State Tenement Law

40 City Commissioner Plan

41 Why do some reforms begin at the national level and others at the state or local levels?
As you answer this, think about an issue from the last presidential campaign that started at the state level for one candidate and became a national issue for the other.

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