Presentation on theme: "Created by Ms. Jerome & Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone"— Presentation transcript:
1Created by Ms. Jerome & Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone The Progressive EraCreated by Ms. Jerome& Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone
2What is the Progressive Era? The Industrial Revolution was a time of great social change and economic growth in the U.S. Roughly spanning the years between Reconstruction and the new century (1900), the industrial Revolution saw rapid industrialization, urbanization, the construction of great transcontinental railroads, innovations in science and technology, and the rise of big business. Afterwards, the first years of the new century that followed were dominated by progressivism, a forward-looking political movement that attempted to redress some of the ills that had arisen during the Gilded Age. Progressives passed legislation to rein in big business, combat corruption, free the government protect the rights of consumers, workers, immigrants, and the poor.
3Our Themes For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction! What is the cause and effect?What is the role of government?What is the cost?It’s not the law, it’s the enforcement.
4Find three pictures that you believe represent the problems of the Industrial Revolution. Highlight areas that needed reform:
5Progressive Era Pop Culture Life expectancy 1900:46.3 yrs. For men48.3 yrs. For women33 yrs. for African AmericansLife in the 1900s:Growing Class Divisions: The “Haves” and “Have-nots”1896: Top 12% had 86% of wealthMiddle 44% had 12.5% of wealthLowest 44% had 1.5% of wealthFamily Size (1900 statistics)5.7 children for laborers3.5 children for business owners and managers
6Prepared foods of the Progressive Era 2. New prepared foodsGranolaKellogg’s Corn Flakes and Shredded WheatPost Grape NutsCampbell’s SoupHeinz PicklesJell-OHires Root BeerBorden’s Evaporated MilkHealth drinks: Lydia Pinkham’s Drink (23% alcohol), opium drinks, Coca Cola
7Find five pictures that demonstrate different foods eaten during the Progressive Era
8Inventions 3. New inventions Hot-air furnaces for central heating Washing machinesTelephone serviceElectric lightsIndoor plumbingSewing machinesCast-iron stovesRefrigerated train cars and ice boxes
20The Progressive Era Legislation Created by Ms. JeromeAnd Adapted by Sarajian/Ragone
21Progressive Era and the Constitution Major change came from the federal government in the form of Constitutional Amendments during the Progressive Era. During this time period, federal reform changed the way the government interacted with the American people. Four amendments were added to the Constitution. In the four next slides write the definition of the amendment and incorporate a picture to represent what it stands for!
36Initiative/Referendum/Recall: How does each allow for broader political participation by the American people? In which state do we see these reforms begin?RECALL (look up Walter Jones)When the government initiates a removal from office it is called…?REFERENDUMINITIATIVEDIRECT DEMOCRACY!
37‘continuedWisconsin’s Direct Primary Law…Explain what it did and how it changed politics.
41Why do some reforms begin at the national level and others at the state or local levels? As you answer this, think about an issue from the last presidential campaign that started at the state level for one candidate and became a national issue for the other.