Presentation on theme: "Teaching Children about Climate Change"— Presentation transcript:
1Teaching Children about Climate Change Five Short Similes forTeaching Children about Climate ChangeSteven McNulty, Ph.D.USDA Forest ServiceRaleigh, North Carolina
2Background “Everything should be made as simple as possible, but not simpler “” Albert EinsteinOne way to simplify a complex processes, event or condition is to use a simileSimiles are basically just short stories that relate one thing(e.g., object, event, place, person) to another thing. In thislecture, we will relate something complex (i.e. climate changeand climate change impacts) to something simple to make iteasier to understand and remember
3Lecture Objective To use a five short similes to help explain a few of the key components of climate change,and climate change impacts on ecosystems
4Five Similes for this Lecture The (REALLY) Big BlanketSteve’s Hill Slope Stairs ProjectA Clint Eastwood MovieMy Brothers CarLast Great Act of Defiance** Not classroom suitable
5The (REALLY) Big Blanket Factory Simile 1:The (REALLY) Big Blanket Factory
19as Illustrated by Steve’s hill slope stairs project Top of Hill (Future climate)Variability v. Changeas Illustrated by Steve’shill slope stairs projectChangeVariabilityBottom of Hill (current climate)
20Climate change will be highly variable over space and time! Source: Climate Change Impacts on the US, NAST, 2001
46A car should have its oil changed every 3000 miles. If you wait until 5000 miles its probably still OK. If you wait until30,000 there will probably be some damage done to thecars engine, but it can probably be fixed even though it will beexpensive. If you wait until 100,000 miles, the car willprobably be broken and very, very expensive to fix, orit may not be fixable at all.Global warming is the same way, the longer we wait, theMore expensive it will be to fix (if at all).
47The Last Great Act of Defiance Simile 5:The Last Great Act of Defiance(Actions that can reduce global warming)
50Tell your parents what you learned!! There is still some wrong information that is beingpassed around about climate change and its impacts.You can help to educate your parents with the truthabout climate change.Why is wind energy gaining so much momentum? Spiraling utility bills, the need for uninterrupted service, the high cost of accessing the utility’s electric grid from a remote location, and concerns over environmental impacts are leading to the rush to residential wind systems. Reducing dependence on potentially volatile electric prices is another key motivator for many home-scale windsmiths.Depending on the local wind resource and utility rates, a small wind energy system can reduce a customer’s electricity bill by 50% to 90%. It can be installed as a stand-alone system, eliminating the high cost of extending utility power lines to a remote location, or it can be connected to the power grid, enabling the customer to sell excess power to the utility or buy additional power as needed. Over its 20- to 40-year life, a small residential wind turbine can offset approximately 1.2 tons of air pollutants and 200 tons of carbon dioxide and other “greenhouse” gases. And it can do so at one-third to one-half the installed cost of the most competitive solar electric technology.
5194% Efficient furnacesand water heatersCompact Fluorescents 100W of light for 23WLow E Argon windowsRefrigerators1979 Model – 1440 KWh/yr2002 Model KWh/yr
52This is what Europeans are encouraged to drive, the new Mercedes built “Smart-car”This is what Americans drive